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Schartz Atomic Clocks
Interesting facts <ul><li>First atomic clock developed in 1949 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Created by the National Bureau of Sta...
Atoms used <ul><li>Relies on the periodic radiation of certain atoms. </li></ul><ul><li>3 commonly used elements: </li></u...
Impact <ul><li>Navigation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GPS (More accurate) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Radio Astronomy </li></ul><ul><...
Scientific Principles <ul><li>Vibrations and Waves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Translated by Waves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
What types of discoveries/technologies/inventions were necessary to reach this point? <ul><li>Necessary </li></ul><ul><ul>...
What if it was never invented? <ul><li>GPS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inaccurate/unreliable </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Communicatio...
Bibliography <ul><li>Cessium picture from Americanelements.com </li></ul><ul><li>Rubidium picture from commons.wikimedia.o...
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Atomic Clock

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Atomic Clock

  1. 1. Schartz Atomic Clocks
  2. 2. Interesting facts <ul><li>First atomic clock developed in 1949 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Created by the National Bureau of Standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on the ammonia molecule. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Every clock with the same isotope </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Measures time the same </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is the same regardless of location </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Most are Radio </li></ul><ul><li>controlled clocks </li></ul>
  3. 3. Atoms used <ul><li>Relies on the periodic radiation of certain atoms. </li></ul><ul><li>3 commonly used elements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cesium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most Accurate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Longest stability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydrogen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Median between Cesium and Rubidium </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rubidium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cheapest </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most compact </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Impact <ul><li>Navigation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GPS (More accurate) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Radio Astronomy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Several telescopes to synchronize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regardless of location </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Space Exploration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Doppler tracking </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Scientific Principles <ul><li>Vibrations and Waves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Translated by Waves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wave Motion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mathematical Representation of a Traveling Wave </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Harmonic Motion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Quantum Mechanics </li></ul>
  6. 6. What types of discoveries/technologies/inventions were necessary to reach this point? <ul><li>Necessary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Atomic particles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radio waves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electricity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improved </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LED </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advancements in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Metallurgy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Plastics </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. What if it was never invented? <ul><li>GPS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inaccurate/unreliable </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not as advanced </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Astronomy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Radio telescopes inaccurate </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Bibliography <ul><li>Cessium picture from Americanelements.com </li></ul><ul><li>Rubidium picture from commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Dnn87 </li></ul><ul><li>Clock Picture from http://www.clocklordblog.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/10/atomic-clock.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Clocks. (2008). In P. J. Bungert & A. J. Darnay (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Products & Industries - Manufacturing , (Vol. 1). (pp. 239-246) Detroit: Gale Retrieved February 7, 2010, from Gale Virtual Reference Library via Gale: http://go.galegroup.com/ps/start.do?p=GVRL&u=stil34938 </li></ul><ul><li>Itano, W. M. (2007). Atomic Clock. In McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology , (Vol. 2). (10 th ed., pp. 369-372) New York: McGraw-Hill Retrieved February 7, 2010, from Gale Virtual Reference Library via Gale: http://go.galegroup.com/ps/start.do?p=GVRL&u=stil34938 </li></ul><ul><li>Galleon Systems, . (2006).  Atomic clock information . Retrieved from http://www.atomic-clock.galleon.eu.com/atomic-clock/atomic-clock.htm </li></ul>

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