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  1. 1. <br /> Names: Ariel Estrin , Michael Zhebrovski , Rosti Tkachenko<br /> Teacher: Rachel<br /> Date: 3/3/2010<br /> School: Igal Alon<br /> Content <br /> <br /> Page 1 - Cover page<br /> Page 2 - Content<br /> Page 3 - Intoduction<br /> Page 4 - Main subject<br /> Page 5 - Demographics<br /> Page 6 - Architrecture<br /> Page 7 - Sport<br /> Page 8 - Conclusion<br /> Page 9 - Biblioghraphy<br /> <br /> <br /> <br /> Introduction<br />We choose this couny becuse one of us have visited Spain.<br />After telling us his adventure there, we decided to write about Spain. We hardly managed to decided what subject to take because there were so many and all of them are intersting.<br />After we chose the subject we wanted to show it as guide for tourist and to convince him to visit this beautiful and rich<br />country. We think we succeed in this task.<br />we've met some things that we didnt like during the project the history of spain that jewish people are mentioned there and their exile. But we decided not to write about it in the project at the end of the project we were excited to visit spain due to the intresting information we've found.<br /> <br /> <br /> Spain <br />Spain is a beautiful country located in the southwest of Europe. It shares the border with france in the northeast<br />and with Portugal and Atlantic Ocean in the west.<br />Spain is a democracy organisad in the form of a parliamentary <br />government under a constitutionalmonarchy. It is a developed country with the ninth or tenth largest economy in the world by records of GDP, and very high living standards.<br />including the seventeenth highest quality of life index rating in the world.<br />Travelling to Spain is likely to be a enriching experience since tourism in the country offers a wide variety of destinations, activities and landscapes.<br />Spain is a country of large geographical and cultural diversity, often a surprise for tourists who are expecting to find a country mostly known for beach tourism. Travel to Spain and you will find everything, from lush meadows, green valleys, hills and snowy mountains in the <br />Northern regions to almost desert zones in the South.<br />Every year millions of tourists decide to travel to Spain, the country has been one of the most important tourist destinations of the last <br />decades becoming the third most popular travel destination in Europe.<br />One of the better known cities is Madrid, capital city of Spain. Due to its central location, in the heart of Spain<br />and is seat to the Spanish government and to the Royal Palace where the kings of Spain usually dwell.<br />Barcelona is probably one of the favourite destinations for tourists, a worldwide known city whose name recalls the awesome art of the<br />architect Gaudi.<br /> <br /> <br /> Demographics <br />In 2008 the population of Spain officially reached 46 million people. Spain's population density, at 91 people per squer kilometer is lower than that of most Western European countries and its distribution across the country is very unequal. With the exception of the region surrounding the capital, Madrid, the most populated areas lie around the coast.<br />In the begining of 15th century, large numbers of Spanish or Portuguese origin settled in what became Latin America. In the 16th century perhaps 240,000 Spaniards emigrated, mostly to Peru and Mexico. They were joined by 450,000 in the next century.Between 1846 and 1932 nearly 5 million Spaniards went to the Americas, especially to Argentina andBrazil. From 1960 to 1975, approximately two million Spaniards migrated to other Western European countries.<br />The population of Spain doubled during the 20th century, principally due to the spectacular demographic boom in the 1960s and early 1970s. <br />After the birth rate plunged in the 1980s and Spain's population growth rate dropped, the population again trended upward, based initially on the return of many Spaniards who had emigrated to other European countries during the 1970s, and more recently, fueled by large numbers of immigrants.<br /> <br /> 1Madrid5,263,000 2Barcelona4,251,000 3Valencia1,499,000<br /> <br /> Arhitecture <br /> <br />Gothic <br />The gothic style arrived in Spain as a result of European influence in 12th century when late Romanesque alternated with a few expressions of pure Gothic architecture like the Cathedral of Ávila. The High Gothic arrived in all its strength through the Way of Saint James in the 13th century, with some of the purest Gothic cathedrals, with German and French influence.<br />Renaissance<br />In Spain, Renaissance began to be grafted to Gothic forms in the last decades of the 15th century. The style started to spread made mainly by local architects: that is the cause of the creation of a specifically Spanish Renaissance, that brought the influence of South Italian architecture, sometimes from illuminated books and paintings, mixed with gothic tradition.<br /> Modernism<br />the arrival of Modernism in the academic arena produced much of the architecture of the 20th century. An influential style centered in Barcelona, known as modernisme, produced a number of important architects, of which Gaudí is one. The International stylewas led by groups like GATEPAC. Spain is currently experiencing a revolution in contemporary architecture  and Spanish architectslike Rafael Moneo, Santiago Calatrava,  Ricardo Bofill.<br /> .<br /> <br /> <br /> <br /> Sport <br /> Sport in Spain<br /> in the second half of 20th century has been dominated by soccer. Other popular sport activities includebasketball, tennis, cycling, handball,motorcycling, Formula One, water sports,golf, and skiing. Spain has also hosted a number of international events such as the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelonaand the 1982 FIFA World Cup. the 1992 Summer Olympics that were hosted in Barcelona and promoted a great variety of sports in the country. The tourism industry has led to an improvement in sports infrastructure, especially for water sports, golf and skiing. <br />Soccer is the most popular sport in Spain. La Liga or Primera División(The Spanish League) is considered to be one of the world's best competitions.<br />Basketball is a popular sport in Spain. The Spanish ACB is one of the major European basketball leagues.The Spanish national basketball team has achieved a high ranked position in the international tournament by winning their first ever gold medal at the 2006 FIBA World Championship<br />Skiing is a popular sport. In the past, the sport was under development for economic reasons. However the improvement of the economy of Spain, helped skiing become an active sport event. It has become popular, and the skiing sites have been modernized in recent years. Skiing is one of the favourite sports of the Spanish Royal Family.<br /> <br /> <br /> Conclusion<br />During the work on the project we have found many intesting things. The most intresting that we've met about spain are Sport and Demographics. <br />We have learnt about Arhitecture in Spain , <br />The history of Arhitecture in Spain from 12th century to this day.<br />The Renaissance , a Gothic form of Arhitecture that began during the 15th century , The Cathedrals of Renaissance remain masterpieces to these days.<br />The project was too long about 4 hours. It was very boring ,deeply disturbing to do and we did not enjoy it at all, In fact it was even worse than sitting in school the whole day.but we hoep to vist Spain<br /> <br /> Bibliography<br /> <br /><br /><br /> <br />