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  2. 2. HOW DO I DEFINE FREEDOM? <ul><li>Universal Freedom
  3. 3. Equality for all individual.
  4. 4. Racial and gender equality. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Thoreau’s Idea of freedom <ul><li>Universal Freedom
  6. 6. Civil Disobedience </li></ul>“ There will never be a really free and enlightened State until the State comes to recognize the individual as a higher and independent power, from which all its own power and authority are derived, and treats him accordingly. I please myself with imagining a State at last which can afford to be just to all men, and to treat the individual with respect as a neighbor.”
  7. 7. Who is David Thoreau? <ul><li>July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862
  8. 8. Concord, Massachusetts
  9. 9. Transcendentalist; Ralph Waldo Emerson.
  10. 10. Author, Poet, Philosopher etc
  11. 11. Civil Disobedience and Walden
  12. 12. Influences: </li></ul>* Martin Luther King *Mahatma Gandhi
  13. 13. Similarities of our idea of freedom <ul><li>Universal freedom </li></ul>-racial/gender equality -opposition to slavery <ul><li>Thoreau said, </li></ul>“ I cannot for an instant recognize that political organization as my government which is the slave’s government also (Nicole).”
  14. 14. Opposition to war Lost of lives, Depression, Unemployment, Refugee problem -Mexican War *refusal to pay tax Thoreau said, “ The only obligation which I have a right to assume, is to do at any time what I think right.”
  15. 15. The role of the government <ul><li>Serve the will of the people
  16. 16. Protect the rights and liberty of the people.
  17. 17. Promote peace and harmony </li></ul>Thoreau said, &quot;That government is best which governs not at all… I  ask  for, not at once no government , but  at once  a better  government. &quot;
  18. 18. ADMIRATION OF NATURE <ul><li>The beauty of nature
  19. 19. -trees, mountains, animal.
  20. 20. Thoreau's Walden
  21. 21. Thoreau said,
  22. 22. “ In observing nature closely free from society’s material distractions, one may achieve understanding of one’s true nature...I looked through the stars to see if I could see God behind them.” </li></ul>
  23. 23. BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. 2. 3. 4. “ Civil Disobedience .” In The Norton Anthology of American Literature. 5. l