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Coastal Protection Methods

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Coastal Protection Methods

  1. 1. Coastal protection methods<br />
  2. 2. Break water.<br />Break water Is a way of protecting against long shore drift. Break wasters is used to reduce the power of the wave. They are built to protect a beach that is sloping. The depth of the water and the tidal range depend weather its fixed or floating.<br />When waves hit the breakwaters, the power of the waves are reduced on the breakwater structure so it wont eroded the cliffs as much. <br />Advantages: The advantage of the breakwater structure is that the waves wont be as eroding. <br />Disadvantages: Unprotected areas of the beach will not receive any new sediment and the beach may shrink slowly. <br />
  3. 3. Gabions<br />Gabions is a strong wire cage with pebbles, stones and rocks inside. Gabions protect the coast line by stopping the waves hitting the cliffs. it reduces the power of the waves when it hits the small rocks inside the cage. <br />The advantages: Gabions are made out of natural materials and are very cheap to make.<br />Disadvantages: They can take up a lot of space, and when the rocks and stones all erode , the whole cadge will have to be taken away and replaced.<br />
  4. 4. Groynes <br />Groynes are fences that go along the beach at angles to prevent long shore drift. The energy from the waves is absorbed in the groynes. It also catches and traps sediment to prevent it from moving up the beach.<br />Advantages: It slows down long shore drift. <br />Disadvantages: They have to be replaced every 15-20 years.<br />
  5. 5. Revetments<br />Revetments are sloping structures placed on banks or cliffs in such a way as to absorb the energy of incoming water. <br />Advantages: They catch sediment from long shore drift which helps to build up a beach.<br />Disadvantages: It stops the rest of the beach further down from getting any more sediment, so the beach may become smaller.<br />
  6. 6. Sea walls<br />Sea walls are a curved concrete walls that stop strong waves hitting the cliffs.<br />Advantages: It protects the foot of the cliff form erosion and can also prevent flooding. <br />Disadvantages: The are expensive to built and it makes the back swash very strong when the wave hits the sea wall.<br />

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