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Global Communication 3 UNAV


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Global Communication 3 UNAV

  1. 1. Global communication – PP3 Pamplona January 11-15, 2010 Danijel Labaš, [email_address] Croatian Studies, University of Zagreb
  2. 2. Is anything wrong with globalization and GloMassCom? <ul><li>Global mass communication is a reality . </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone talks about globalization. (Even in Croatia...) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Global communication in Croatia – centrum mundi? <ul><li>Weekend Media Festival, Rovinj, 2008, 2009... </li></ul><ul><li>We have seen the “vast flows of money, goods, services and people around the world”--- and in Rovinj, too... </li></ul>
  4. 4. Is the globalization paradigm worth for smaller countries, too? <ul><li>3 Is it possible in “t he global epoch characterized by the fact (that) there is no dominating or controlling centre to the contemporary world ”? </li></ul><ul><li>GloCom </li></ul>
  5. 5. The globalization paradigm is teaching : <ul><li>W e would expect to find that there are a number of significant production centres (‘nodes’) for media artefacts that exchange their products reciprocally . </li></ul><ul><li>Is it possible? Let us think only on small countries... </li></ul><ul><li>GloCom </li></ul>
  6. 6. The globalization paradigm <ul><li>4 In the global epoch, it is no longer viable to talk of isolated ‘national’ units, either of economic life or of culture. </li></ul><ul><li>The same is true for Croatia, Italy, Gabon, New Zeland... Haiti... </li></ul><ul><li>GloCom </li></ul>
  7. 7. The globalization paradigm <ul><li>Held and McGrew, 2002: 36 : ‘ H ybrid cultures and transnational media corporations have made significant inroads into national cultures and national identities’. </li></ul><ul><li>GloCom </li></ul>
  8. 8. The globalization paradigm <ul><li>These developments have been particularly influenced by the evolution of media technologies . </li></ul><ul><li>We should be able to identify the weakening of state-centred media institution on the one hand, and on the other the emergence and strengthening of both – global and local media. </li></ul><ul><li>GloCom </li></ul>
  9. 9. The globalization paradigm <ul><li>Our task today is to ask whether these propositions are true or not... </li></ul><ul><li>GloCom </li></ul>
  10. 10. What is with globalization of MM communication in small(er) countries? <ul><li>We have seen WMF... </li></ul>
  11. 11. Journalist and Weekend Media Festival <ul><li>Rovinj , September 2009, the second annual Weekend Media Festival : region's biggest communications industry's festival. </li></ul><ul><li>F estival was covered by 275 accredited journalists from Croatia, as well as countries in the region and SEE. </li></ul><ul><li>Rovinj, Istria, Croatia </li></ul>
  12. 12. Students and WMFestival <ul><li>T he organizers provided free accommodation for over 200 students of political sciences, sciences of communication, journalism, PR and marketing from all the countries in the region . </li></ul>
  13. 13. International speakers and WMF <ul><li>Weekend welcomed a number of international speakers : Google's Head of New Markets, Christian Hernandez Gallardo. </li></ul><ul><li>The creator of the biggest reality shows in the United States and former manager of Britney Spears and Justin Timberlake , Robert Lee , headed a workshop which allowed Weekend's most creative participants to take part in the creation of the next big reality show . </li></ul>
  14. 14. Panel discussions on WMF <ul><li>Particularly interesting were the festival's panel discussions , which drew together the leading people of the region's media giants , as well as marketing and PR industry. </li></ul><ul><li>Among other things, they discussed the boundaries of privacy in the media, business media's future, branding of various travel destinations and PR's influence on the creation of media content. </li></ul>
  15. 15. WMF and experts from ComInd <ul><li>For the first time at the festival, experts from the communication industry were joined by the leaders of the region's business scene : T-HT CEO Ivica Mudrinić, CROATIA Osiguranje CEO Hrvoje Vojković, TDR CEO Davor Tomašković and chairman of the Croatian Chamber of Economy (HGK) Nadan Vidošević, who spoke about their view of the media's influence in times of crisis . </li></ul><ul><li>Rovinj, Croatia </li></ul>
  16. 16. WMF and TV-novela stars <ul><li>Finally, Rovinj welcomed the stars of the latest Croatian telenovela , ‘ Dolina sunca ’ , which had an exclusive promotion at the Weekend. </li></ul>
  17. 17. WMF - Lectures <ul><li>Robert Lee (SAD) </li></ul><ul><li>Lecture and workshop on reality shows. </li></ul><ul><li>For years now he has been the head of the biggest talent agency in the United States, the William Morris Agency. </li></ul><ul><li>F ormer manager of Britney Spears, Justin Timberlake and Nicolette Sheridan! </li></ul>
  18. 18. WMF - Lectures <ul><li>Christian Hernandez Gallardo , Google’s Head of New Markets , establishing and growing Google’s presence across over a dozen markets in EMEA. </li></ul><ul><li>He and his team work with local advertisers, agencies and partners to increase the adoption of digital media and Google properties and services. </li></ul>
  19. 19. WMF - Lectures <ul><li>Tim Hwang founder of ROFLCon – spokes on internet celebrity and web culture. </li></ul><ul><li>He is the founder of the Web Ecology Project, a multidisciplinary effort to better understand the systemwide flows of content and community online. </li></ul><ul><li>Talk Title: &quot;Web Culture as Web Ecology” . </li></ul>
  20. 20. WMF - Lectures <ul><li>Thomas G. Her , General Manager of MTV in the territory of the former Yugoslavia and Albania . </li></ul><ul><li>He is also Executive Producer of MTV EXIT, a campaign across MTV and other media in Europe and Asia to rise awareness and increase prevention of human trafficking and exploitation . </li></ul>
  21. 21. WMF - Lectures <ul><li>Chris Matyszczyk advises major global corporations and content creation and marketing through his California-based company, Howard Raucous. </li></ul><ul><li>The blog attracts more than 1million page view per month. </li></ul>
  22. 22. WMF - Lectures <ul><li>Alexandar Oswald , Nokia, Head of Marketing ASE . </li></ul><ul><li>Senior Marketing Manager with 11 years Management experience in telecommunication and consumer electronics industry , experienced in working for global brands and in fast changing business environment; focus on Central/South East Europe . </li></ul>
  23. 23. WMF - Lectures <ul><li>Javier Ramirez Banares , Senior consultant at Innovation Media Consulting Group based in Madrid, Spain . </li></ul><ul><li>He is the Board member of VOCES, NGO that promotes the public awareness of the UN Millenium Development Goals among opinion leaders in the world of culture and member of Instituto de Arte Contemporaneo , an association for the promotion of Contemporary Art and for the implementation of deontological practices within the businesses. </li></ul>
  24. 24. WMF - Panels <ul><li>Web - Quanto Costa? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the cost of production and maintenance of a good-quality website; what are the most frequent mistakes of website owners; what are the attitudes and habits of internet users? </li></ul><ul><li>Are banners dying and why we are weak in the viral marketing sector; how to use Twitter and Facebook for promotion , and whether it is a waste to see money from advertising going to Facebook and not returning to the local markets ? </li></ul>
  25. 25. WMF - Panels <ul><li>Over the past ten years we witnessed a profiling of both Croatian and regional media space, and a growing emergence of specialized business media. In the beginning there were just highly-specialized business media, data vendors (Reuters, Dow Jones, Telerate) while the other media allocated only a portion of their space to economic issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Privatization and development of the capital market greatly contributed to the development of the media entrepreneurship. A large number of these media-related undertakings have gone under just as quickly and undetectably as they had arisen. </li></ul><ul><li>The Future of Business Media </li></ul>
  26. 26. WMF - Panels <ul><li>The Future of Business Media </li></ul><ul><li>With the arrival of financially stronger foreign publishers in the domestic media space, an attempt was made to transfer an established system onto a relatively undeveloped market environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Following a large number of initial failures, some of the media survived. The current situation with domestic business media reflects the unenviable fate of Croatian media space and economy. </li></ul>
  27. 27. WMF - Panels <ul><li>Nevertheless, how important is the market environment in the success and future of the media, and how much is the responsibility of the media? Is relatively narrow and limited market the main enemy of the business media’s success? Or is it new technologies demanding a sharp turn content-wise? Or lack of specialized personnel? </li></ul><ul><li>The Future of Business Media </li></ul>
  28. 28. WMF - Panels <ul><li>Of course not, many would say. Still, you shouldn’t expect such a direct and boring answer. You are more likely to witness a heated discussion since there are countless burning issues surrounding the cooperation between the media and public relations. Neither has the region’s PR reached envious communication standards nor is the media immune to the rather grey influence on their editorial policies.... Is there room for positive news in the media? </li></ul><ul><li>Is Media Being Edited by PR? </li></ul>
  29. 29. WMF - Panels <ul><li>Is Chomsky right to claim that the modern media cares only about securing readers for their advertisers? Can PR practitioners stop lying and finally take over the role of a mediator between the public and the institutions? Who earned more from the swine flu outbreak: the media or the pharmaceutical industry? What happens when a journalist reports just one side of the story? </li></ul>
  30. 30. WMF - Panels <ul><li>In what way have the global crisis and recession influenced the media in South-East Europe? Who has not survived the decrease in marketing incomes? How have we reported on the crisis? Has the media contributed to the panic and decrease in consumption, as well as to the deepening of recession with announcements of economic disaster? Or have they made the people aware that it is time for radical savings? </li></ul><ul><li>Global Crisis and Media </li></ul>
  31. 31. WMF - Panels <ul><li>Can this crisis be a challenge and an opportunity to change our point of view that we spend more than we have? How economic topics replaced politics in the statistics of prime-time news in all media? Why is major world media replacing the term ‘crisis’ with the word ‘recovery’? </li></ul>
  32. 32. WMF - Panels <ul><li>When Will Buy Newspaper </li></ul><ul><li>Why do people buy newspapers if they can read their content free of charge on the internet? What will happen to newspapers once internet penetration goes up significantly? Will news portals become the core of the media production and the force behind the brands? </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Will Murdoch’s attempt at a sharp turn succeed – is it possible to start charging for the information that was so far free of charge? How risky is such an attempt? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it still make sense to divide the written media into ‘newspapers’ and ‘web portals’? </li></ul>
  33. 33. WMF - Panels <ul><li>For years now New York has had a Marketing Director alongside its Mayor. World Metropolises have been hiring creative and PR agencies for decades in an attempt to attract tourists, investors and new inhabitants. We also witnessed dozens of successful campaigns by cities that wanted to host events such as the Olympic Games or different cultural events. Cities nowadays spend millions on tourist promotion, creative events and PR. Some earned huge amounts of money, while others have been lost in the world of mediocrity. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>How To Turn a City Into a Top Brand? </li></ul>
  34. 34. WMF - Panels <ul><li>How do cities send out positive energy and become film icons? Why are Sydney, London and Paris the most popular cities in the world at the moment? Can Zagreb become more interesting? How much money do the Statue of Liberty and Eiffel Tower make? How has Edinburgh become the city of inspiration? Would Madonna choose Split as her holiday destination? Why does Belgium’s Charleroi want to be the ‘ugliest city in the world’? </li></ul>
  35. 35. WMF - Panels <ul><li>What Do Women Want? </li></ul><ul><li>Women of today are educated, they earn well, they often raise their families by themselves, and they are powerful and socially active. The age of exchanging recipes and cheap romance novels as the basic form of female communication has passed long ago. Does the development of ‘female’ media follow the interests dictated by the Alfa female? Do they only offer content linked to fashion, beauty, gossip and an occasional intimate confession? What is the degree of media responsibility when idealizing youth, fitness and flawless beauty powered by Photoshop? </li></ul>
  36. 36. WMF - Panels <ul><li>Croatia’s political marketing renaissance peaked at the recent local elections dominated by slogans such as ‘I’ll Take It All, You’ll Get Nothing!’. And this issue was particularly interesting on the eve of what could turn out to be the most exciting Presidential elections in the history of the Republic of Croatia. In addition to analyzing Croatia and region’s political communications, we try also find out if political communication is part of political marketing or if it’s the other way around. Moreover, is the function of political marketing primarily informative, formative or manipulative? </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>H ow much the Americanization of the political campaigns is present in the southeastern Europe ? </li></ul><ul><li>Political Marketing - From Garage to City Hall </li></ul>
  37. 37. WMF - Panels <ul><li>Radio No Radio - Influence of Local Radio Stations in Croatia </li></ul><ul><li>What is the true power of the local radio and where does it come from? Do the local radio stations need to have a public and informative role to be successful, or is music the key to success or is it something else? </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Should local radio be supported by the local community financially as well? What is the difference between the positions of the local media in big cities and small towns? In what way will the local radio stations and radio stations in general defend themselves against the new media in the future? </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Do advertisers/agencies use the local radio stations’ reach properly when planning campaigns? </li></ul>
  38. 38. WMF - Panels <ul><li>How much do television stations, especially commercial ones, obey the Law on Electronic Media? Moreover, in what way is the observance of the law in question monitored and its violation sanctioned? The existing Electronic Media Act provides quotas for domestic TV programming in primetime as well as programming made by independent production houses. However, there isn’t a television station that adheres strictly to its legal obligations, which in the end means less domestic production and almost the-end of the market of independent production houses. </li></ul><ul><li>Law on Electronic Media in Croatia - Does Anyone Obey It? </li></ul>
  39. 39. WMF - Panels <ul><li>What is the criteria that the programming directors are guided by and is the principle “stupid-popular-profitable” really good in the long run? Why hasn’t the Council for Electronic Media sanctioned any of the law offenders so far? </li></ul>
  40. 40. WMF - Panels <ul><li>Since its beginnings advertising has past through different phases, both creatively and operationally but its base has remained unchanged. However, the environment changed enormously: there is a large amount of available information, the saturation of media with different messages created a counter-effect and the target audience begun rejecting new messages. </li></ul><ul><li>Targeted consumers attitudes additionally illustrate the crisis thesis and ask the question about the future of advertising. In addition, various anti-consumerism movements are developing into organizations whose aim is to fight against brands. </li></ul><ul><li>Advertising Next - Quo Vadis? </li></ul>
  41. 41. WMF - Panels <ul><li>Can we foresee the developments’ direction and is it meaningful to search for answers outside the existing knowledge? How much can the crisis in advertising question the modern approach to marketing know - how? </li></ul>
  42. 42. WMF - Panels <ul><li>How Low Can You Go? Does Media Respect the Line of Privacy? </li></ul><ul><li>In uncertain economical time, when the industry that is dependant on advertisers is looking for a way to retain its influence and position, there is little room and opportunities to discuss respect of privacy in the media. Sometimes it seems that only the rich and famous, and those that others have made famous, have dignity, as they are the only ones filling complaints to courts about the mental anguish that the media caused them. Normal citizens start thinking about that only when their face is on the cover, or if someone mentions them in a negative light. Until then they follow other people’s misery, weakness and bad luck in great detail. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  43. 43. WMF - Panels <ul><li>At the time of crisis, can the development of media be based on lowering professional standards, exposing one’s privacy, raping of minors, suicide profiling and bloody front page images, all accompanied by gross violation of the media-related laws? Are the countries in SEE region so specific that they pass numerous laws, regulations and ethical codes that are rarely applied in practice? Does the responsibility lie on journalists and editors alone? </li></ul>
  44. 44. “ Let us resume...” <ul><li>WMF was “ region's biggest communications industry's festival ”, covered by 275 journalists with partecipation of 200 students , with great numer of international lecturer and panelist , with experts form the communication industry... </li></ul>
  45. 45. Media sector – leader in globalization <ul><li>All of this means: the (global) communication is today very important. </li></ul><ul><li>The second claim made by globalization paradigm is that the degree of globalization is greater in the media sector than elswhere. </li></ul>
  46. 46. Media sector – leader in globalization <ul><li>How? For example: in the case of cultural products, some (major Hollywood movies and TV dramas) can be sold in many countries with few modification (notably dubbing or the provision of subtitles), while other (many magazines for example) can be produced in different versions to the same template in many different countries. </li></ul>
  47. 47. Media sector – leader in globalization <ul><li>Some, like the vast majority of newspapers, however, struggle to find a market outside of their locality, let alone in another country. </li></ul>
  48. 48. The absence of a centre <ul><li>Colin Sparks: ‘For most of the last century, the world was characterized by competing centres of power.’ </li></ul><ul><li>The contemporary world is marked by the domination of a single superpower, the USA. </li></ul>
  49. 49. The absence of a centre <ul><li>In the case of the mass media, there are certainly other production centres than Hollywood. </li></ul><ul><li>Forget Croatia! </li></ul><ul><li>Think on Brazil and Mexico in Latin America... </li></ul>
  50. 50. The absence of a centre <ul><li>Think on Taiwan and Hong Kong in the Chinese cultural sphere, Japan and Korea in East Asia, the UK in a number of specialist programme types, Spain... Etcetera . </li></ul>
  51. 51. The absence of a centre <ul><li>All of these are well known instances of other centres whose products find export markets either in their own region or more widely around the world. </li></ul>
  52. 52. The absence of a centre <ul><li>The claim of the globalization paradigm is that the USA is today ‘only one node’ in a complex system of programme exchanges rather than the dominant force that it once was. </li></ul>
  53. 53. The absence of a centre <ul><li>To be honest, it is difficult to establish exactly the scale and directions of the world trade in media artefacts since the data are notoriously inadequate. </li></ul>
  54. 54. The absence of a centre <ul><li>But, one thing seems to be evident: the truth of the polycentric nature of the world of media producation and exchange. </li></ul>
  55. 55. Some ‘weak’ conclusions <ul><li>In Hannerz’s terms, it is the ‘centre’ that produces and distrubutes, and the ‘periphery’ that modifies and adapts. </li></ul><ul><li>In the future, try to be ‘center’, not the ‘periphery’. </li></ul>
  56. 56. Some ‘weak’ conclusions <ul><li>Try to act responsable, respecting others and claiming respect for yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Communication educate. Education communicate.” </li></ul>
  57. 57. Some ‘weak’ conclusions <ul><li>Be “centrum mundi” – centre of the honest and respectful communication! </li></ul><ul><li>Be leader! Leaders are what the leaders do! </li></ul>
  58. 58. Some ‘weak’ conclusions <ul><li>And do not forget: the best exemplification of a global medium today is the internet. </li></ul><ul><li>But it is not global in reality. </li></ul>
  59. 59. Some ‘weak’ conclusions <ul><li>A quarter of the world’s population, more than one and a quarter billion people, are today without any access to electricity, and that number will rise over the next 25 years. </li></ul>
  60. 60. Some ‘weak’ conclusions <ul><li>No electricity, no internet! </li></ul><ul><li>A theory that is blind to such facts is blind to reality! </li></ul>
  61. 61. Thank you a lot for your tollerance; I apologize for my “Croatian umbrella” – my “Croatian satellite” – my “Croatian point of view”...