Cultural Guide to Mexico, Latin America and the Caribbean <ul><li>Courtney Allen  </li></ul><ul><li>Lucas Azevedo </li></u...
Agenda <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>History of Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Political Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>M...
Brief History of Mexico <ul><li>Olmecs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Ball Game </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mayans </li></ul><ul><ul...
Political Leadership <ul><li>The (Institutional Revolutionary Party) PRI had a representative in power for the greater hal...
Culture - Music <ul><li>Strong American and Spanish influence </li></ul><ul><li>Common misconception between modern and tr...
Culture - Sports <ul><li>Futbol </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pumas, Cruz Azul, Tigres </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lucha Libre </li></u...
Culture - Arts, Architecture <ul><li>Luis Barragán – Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimalist, religious </li></ul></...
 
Culture - Religion <ul><li>Predominantly Roman Catholic </li></ul><ul><li>Strong emphasis on Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Fa...
Culture - Food <ul><li>Ceviche   </li></ul><ul><li>Chiles </li></ul><ul><li>Renellos </li></ul><ul><li>Enchiladas   </li><...
Greengate School:   An International British School   <ul><li>Private, co-educational school </li></ul><ul><li>1150 studen...
Managerial Implications -  Mexico, Latin America and the Caribbean <ul><li>Cultural Dimensions </li></ul><ul><li>Leadershi...
Cultural Dimensions <ul><li>Power distance- High </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strict hierarchy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paterna...
Cultural Dimensions Continued <ul><li>Individualism- Low </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collectivist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gro...
Leadership Style <ul><li>Paternal/father figure </li></ul><ul><li>Charisma </li></ul><ul><li>Value based </li></ul><ul><li...
Organizational Structure <ul><li>Strict hierarchy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High power distance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Seniori...
Communication <ul><li>Father Figure, Paternalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>celebrate employees’ birthday, national holidays </...
Face-to-Face in Business <ul><li>Different notion of personal space </li></ul><ul><li>At first, use family name </li></ul>...
Negotiation <ul><li>Emotion-based </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitivity </li></ul><ul><li>One opinion, One World  (social vs. prof...
Family Profile <ul><li>Specific cultural guides to  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carole </li></ul>...
Tom <ul><li>Strong emphasis on: </li></ul><ul><li>Family values </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships...
Carole <ul><li>Cooking for family and guests </li></ul><ul><li>Shopping </li></ul><ul><li>School and PTA </li></ul><ul><li...
Ashley <ul><li>Embrace the language barrier </li></ul><ul><li>College Counseling  </li></ul><ul><li>School involvement </l...
Scott <ul><li>Meeting and Greeting </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Space </li></ul><ul><li>Sports </li></ul><ul><li>Social Netw...
Managerial and Family Training <ul><li>Managerial Training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A week long simulation of a business tran...
Managerial and Family Training Continued <ul><li>Family Training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Show an initial video and have the ...
Conclusion <ul><li>We hope this guide helps you adjust </li></ul><ul><li>to the Mexican culture and the </li></ul><ul><li>...
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International Business Ethics

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International Business Ethics

  1. 1. Cultural Guide to Mexico, Latin America and the Caribbean <ul><li>Courtney Allen </li></ul><ul><li>Lucas Azevedo </li></ul><ul><li>Trevor Beckes </li></ul><ul><li>Mary Schaeffer </li></ul><ul><li>Steven Smadja </li></ul>
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>History of Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Political Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Mexican Culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Music, Sports, Arts, Religion, Food </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Greengates School </li></ul><ul><li>Managerial Implications for Region </li></ul><ul><li>Family Profile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tom, Carole, Ashley, Scott </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Manager and Family Training </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Brief History of Mexico <ul><li>Olmecs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Ball Game </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mayans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Written language, mathematics, astronomy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aztecs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Largest empire </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spanish Colonization </li></ul>
  4. 4. Political Leadership <ul><li>The (Institutional Revolutionary Party) PRI had a representative in power for the greater half of the 20 th century, until Vincente Fox of the National Action Party (PAN) was elected president in 2000. </li></ul><ul><li>He was succeeded by Felipe Calderon in 2006. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Culture - Music <ul><li>Strong American and Spanish influence </li></ul><ul><li>Common misconception between modern and traditional music ( mariachi ) </li></ul><ul><li>Maná , modern rock band </li></ul>
  6. 6. Culture - Sports <ul><li>Futbol </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pumas, Cruz Azul, Tigres </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lucha Libre </li></ul><ul><li>Baseball </li></ul>Rafael Marquez
  7. 7. Culture - Arts, Architecture <ul><li>Luis Barragán – Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimalist, religious </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Frida Kahlo – Painter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revolutionary Painter </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diego Rivera – Muralist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Married to Frida </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Culture - Religion <ul><li>Predominantly Roman Catholic </li></ul><ul><li>Strong emphasis on Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Family Oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Abundance of religious holidays </li></ul>3.1% None 13.8% No Comment 0.3% Other 6.3% Protestant 76.5% Roman Catholic
  9. 10. Culture - Food <ul><li>Ceviche </li></ul><ul><li>Chiles </li></ul><ul><li>Renellos </li></ul><ul><li>Enchiladas </li></ul><ul><li>Huachinango </li></ul><ul><li>Quesadillas </li></ul><ul><li>Mole sauce </li></ul>Pipían sauce Poc Chuc Pollo Pibil Tacos Tamales Tortas Tostadas
  10. 11. Greengate School: An International British School <ul><li>Private, co-educational school </li></ul><ul><li>1150 students, ages 3-19 </li></ul><ul><li>Diverse students and organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Extracurricular activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rafting, Art Exhibition, Concert Choir </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Managerial Implications - Mexico, Latin America and the Caribbean <ul><li>Cultural Dimensions </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership style </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational structure </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiation </li></ul>
  12. 13. Cultural Dimensions <ul><li>Power distance- High </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strict hierarchy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paternalistic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Uncertainty avoidance- High </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of tolerance for ambiguity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resistant to change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less risk taking </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Cultural Dimensions Continued <ul><li>Individualism- Low </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collectivist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group over self </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sense of membership/family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mixture of work and life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Masculinity- High </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Degree of separation between gender roles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very similar to the U.S in terms of gender roles </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Leadership Style <ul><li>Paternal/father figure </li></ul><ul><li>Charisma </li></ul><ul><li>Value based </li></ul><ul><li>Team oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Collectivist </li></ul><ul><li>Being loyal </li></ul><ul><li>Respectful </li></ul>
  15. 16. Organizational Structure <ul><li>Strict hierarchy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High power distance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Seniority </li></ul><ul><li>Lower salaries </li></ul><ul><li>Higher expected job security </li></ul>
  16. 17. Communication <ul><li>Father Figure, Paternalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>celebrate employees’ birthday, national holidays </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Work should be a second priority to home and family </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid “heartless” or cold relationships with employee... </li></ul><ul><li>...yet remain authoritative </li></ul>
  17. 18. Face-to-Face in Business <ul><li>Different notion of personal space </li></ul><ul><li>At first, use family name </li></ul><ul><li>More tactile </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid public reprimand, correction or rejection </li></ul>
  18. 19. Negotiation <ul><li>Emotion-based </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitivity </li></ul><ul><li>One opinion, One World (social vs. professional) </li></ul><ul><li>Loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>Reciprocal </li></ul><ul><li>Word choice </li></ul><ul><li>Note things that receptor will want (group benefits) </li></ul>
  19. 20. Family Profile <ul><li>Specific cultural guides to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carole </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ashley </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scott </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Tom <ul><li>Strong emphasis on: </li></ul><ul><li>Family values </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Group benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Father figure </li></ul>
  21. 22. Carole <ul><li>Cooking for family and guests </li></ul><ul><li>Shopping </li></ul><ul><li>School and PTA </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteering </li></ul>
  22. 23. Ashley <ul><li>Embrace the language barrier </li></ul><ul><li>College Counseling </li></ul><ul><li>School involvement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemistry club, computer club, concert band, music and dance </li></ul></ul>
  23. 24. Scott <ul><li>Meeting and Greeting </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Space </li></ul><ul><li>Sports </li></ul><ul><li>Social Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Activities </li></ul>
  24. 25. Managerial and Family Training <ul><li>Managerial Training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A week long simulation of a business transaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes communication, scheduling meetings, business etiquette, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give feedback after the first simulation is over </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participate in a second simulation to see the progression and see the improvements from one simulation to the next </li></ul></ul>
  25. 26. Managerial and Family Training Continued <ul><li>Family Training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Show an initial video and have the family write down all cultural differences from the U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give the family feedback </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Culture 101- history, daily life, food, art, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Show the family a new video and evaluate how their awareness of cultural differences have improved </li></ul></ul>
  26. 27. Conclusion <ul><li>We hope this guide helps you adjust </li></ul><ul><li>to the Mexican culture and the </li></ul><ul><li>business environment in the Latin </li></ul><ul><li>American region. We feel you will be </li></ul><ul><li>very prepared for this exciting </li></ul><ul><li>adventure. </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul>

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