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St. James Tech Integration

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St. James Tech Integration

  1. 1. Integrating Technology into the Classroom Doug Adams ALTEC [email_address]
  2. 2. PowerPoint Slides <ul><li>http://www.slideshare.net/dadams.altec </li></ul>
  3. 3. PowerPoint Slides (St. James) <ul><li>http://start.sjssf.net </li></ul>
  4. 4. PowerPoint Slides (St. James) <ul><li>http://start.sjssf.net </li></ul>
  5. 5. Description <ul><li>Participants will learn about integrating technology into instructional activities through a combination of group activities and discussions . </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis will be placed on incorporating the use of higher-order thinking and complex thinking skills, as well as other 21st Century Skills such as collaboration and communication . </li></ul>
  6. 6. (Super-duper approximate) Agenda <ul><li>Changing how we “Do School” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>21 st Century Skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group Activity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technology to Support Higher Order Thinking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intel Thinking Tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project-Based Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lunch </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Docs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Games for Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Authentic Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 Tools in the classroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Earth/Lit Trips </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to Primary Sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4Teachers Tools </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  7. 7. Technology Planning <ul><li>Why do we need a technology plan? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Technology Planning Should: <ul><li>Be a continuous process </li></ul><ul><li>Be personal to the organization </li></ul><ul><li>Owned by the members of the organization </li></ul><ul><li>Be broad but realistic </li></ul><ul><li>Involve all stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Formalize procedures for making-decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Be driven by goals and standards rather than technology </li></ul>“ Guiding Questions for Technology Planning”, NCRTEC, http://www.ncrtec.org/capacity/guidewww/gqhome.htm
  9. 9. Technology Planning <ul><li>National Center for Technology Planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guidebook for Developing a Technology Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.nctp.com/downloads/guidebook.pdf </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Technology Committee <ul><li>Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Staff (including maintenance!) </li></ul><ul><li>Students </li></ul><ul><li>Parents </li></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><li>Businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Other? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Cost-Benefit Analyses <ul><li>“ Businesses think of technology as an investment, schools think of it as an expense” </li></ul><ul><li>Value of Investment (VOI) - http://www.edtechvoi.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) - http://www.classroomtco.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>-- Consortium for School Networks (CoSN) </li></ul>
  12. 13. The Millennial Generation <ul><li>“ Millennials” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Digital Natives” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Thumb Tribe” </li></ul>“ Kids say e-mail is, like, sooooo dead.” – CNET News , July 18, 2007
  13. 14. The Millennial Generation <ul><li>“ Today’s students are no longer the people our educational system was designed to teach” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mark Prensky </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Attitudes in the Millennial School “ I have to ‘ power down ’ when I go to school.” “ When I am really busy, I hate going to school because I can’t do any work there.”
  15. 16. Characteristics of Digital Natives <ul><li>Active </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-tasking </li></ul><ul><li>Non-linear thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Ubiquity </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Fluency </li></ul><ul><li>Expectations of Feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Individualization </li></ul><ul><li>Risk-taking </li></ul><ul><li>Information sifting </li></ul>
  16. 17. Brain Research <ul><li>The brain developed to solve problems related to surviving in an unstable outdoor environment that occur in near constant motion. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Medina, Brain Rules </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Brain Research <ul><li>If you wanted to create an educational environment that is directly opposed to the way the brain is good at doing, you would probably design something like the modern classroom . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Medina, Brain Rules </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. 21 st Century Skills 21stCenturySkills.org
  19. 20. 21 st Century Skills <ul><li>Core Subjects and 21 st Century Themes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Math, Language Arts, Science, Social Studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Awareness and Civic Literacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic and Business Literacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health Literacy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning and Innovation Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creativity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Critical Thinking and Problem Solving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication and Collaboration </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. 21 st Century Skills <ul><li>Information Media and Technology Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information and Media Literacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication and Technology Literacy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Life and Career Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexibility and Adaptability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiative, Productivity, and Self-direction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leadership, Accountability and Responsibility </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. Visual Ranking and 21 st C Skills <ul><li>Intel’s Education Page </li></ul><ul><li>http://intel.com/education </li></ul><ul><li>K-12 Teaching Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Ranking Tool </li></ul><ul><li>Click Student Log-In </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Team ID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Team Password </li></ul></ul>
  22. 23. Visual Ranking and 21 st C Skills <ul><li>In groups, sort the list from most important (top) to least important (bottom) </li></ul><ul><li>For the top three items , double click and explain why you ranked them as most important </li></ul><ul><li>For the bottom two items , double click and explain why you ranked them as least important </li></ul>
  23. 24. Bloom’s Cognitive Taxonomy (1956)
  24. 25. Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy (2001) (Anderson & Krathwohl et al , eds., 2001) “ Knowledge” “ Comprehension” “ Synthesis”
  25. 26. Mind-set Verbs Apply: Do, use, organize, collect, operate, summarize, practice, solve, try Remember: State, show, list, tally, define, identify, repeat, recall, label, quote Understand: Restate, reword, describe, illustrate, review, discuss, explain (in your own words) Create: Develop, invent, extend, hypothesize, compose Evaluate: Judge, interpret, justify, assess, weigh, appraise, criticize Analyze: Extract, deduce, investigate, fill in, combine, disassemble,
  26. 27. Organizing Bloom’s Taxonomy <ul><li>Level 3: High </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating something unique (to the learner) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Making judgments, choices, decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breaking down concepts into component parts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Level 2: Intermediate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using information, skills, and concepts in new situations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Level 1: Low </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding and interpreting information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquiring and remembering new information </li></ul></ul>
  27. 28. Why is it important to encourage higher-order thinking?
  28. 29. Supporting Higher-Order Thinking <ul><li>It is estimated that 90% of all test questions asked in the US are of “Low level” - knowledge and comprehension (Wilen, W.W., 1992) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Low level” doesn’t mean easy: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Write an essay explaining the decline and fall of the Roman Empire incorporating at least five of the seven causes discussed in class from the writings of Gibbon and Toynbee </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>“ High level” doesn’t mean hard: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Which movie did you like more, WALL-E or Cars ? Why? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 30. Curriculum Framing Questions <ul><li>Guide a unit of study and include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Essential Questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unit Questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Content Questions </li></ul></ul>
  30. 31. Essential Questions <ul><li>Are broad, open-ended questions </li></ul><ul><li>Address big ideas and enduring concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Often cross discipline and help students see how subjects are related </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Why is math important to my life? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How does conflict produce change? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What lessons can be learned by running a city? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 32. Unit Questions <ul><li>Are open-ended questions that tie directly to a project or unit </li></ul><ul><li>Help students demonstrate the scope of their understanding of a subject </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How important is measurement in building a home? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How are changes in economics a factor in war? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In the story, Charlotte’s Web , how do the animals’ different abilities help Wilbur survive and succeed? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How does stress on the environment impact biology? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  32. 33. Content Questions <ul><li>Are fact-based, concrete questions </li></ul><ul><li>Have a narrow set of correct answers </li></ul><ul><li>Often relate to definitions, identifications, and general recall of information (example: questions found on a test) </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How do you find the values of unknowns in equations? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is a fable? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Who is the main character in To Kill a Mockingbird ? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How are volcanoes made? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Why is it cold in the winter when the sun is shining? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 34. Technology and Complex Thinking <ul><li>Intel Thinking Tools http:// www.intel.com /education/tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual Ranking : Assign ranking to a list; and then debate differences, reach consensus, and organize ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seeing Reason : Investigate relationships in complex systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Showing Evidence : Construct well-reasoned arguments that are supported by evidence, using a visual framework </li></ul></ul>
  34. 35. Complex Thinking Strategies <ul><li>Decision Making </li></ul><ul><li>Reasoning </li></ul><ul><li>Investigation </li></ul><ul><li>Experimental Inquiry </li></ul><ul><li>Directed Problem Solving </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Problem Solving </li></ul><ul><li>Reflective Thinking </li></ul>
  35. 36. Project-Based Learning (PBL) <ul><li>“ I hear and I forget. </li></ul><ul><li>I see and I remember. </li></ul><ul><li>I do and I understand . ” </li></ul><ul><li>-- (Confucius) </li></ul>
  36. 37. Students retain… 90% of what they learn when they teach someone else 5% of what they’ve learned from a lecture 10% of what they’ve learned from reading 20% of what they’ve learned from audio-visual presentation 30% of what they learn from a demonstration 50% of what they learn when engaged in a discussion 75% of what they learn by doing Source: NTL Institute for Applied Behavioral Science
  37. 38. Why Projects? <ul><li>To learn collaboration, work in teams . </li></ul><ul><li>To learn critical thinking, take on problems . </li></ul><ul><li>To learn oral communication, present . </li></ul><ul><li>To learn written communication, write . </li></ul><ul><li>To learn technology, use technology . </li></ul><ul><li>To develop citizenship, take on civic issues . </li></ul><ul><li>To learn about careers, do internships . </li></ul><ul><li>To learn content, do all of the above . </li></ul>
  38. 39. Project-Based Learning Resources <ul><li>Buck Institute for Education (BIE) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.bie.org </li></ul></ul><ul><li>iEARN (International Education and Resource Network) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.iearn.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Edutopia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.edutopia.org/project-learning </li></ul></ul>
  39. 40. Collaboration and Technology
  40. 41. Collaborating with Google Docs <ul><li>http://docs.google.com </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Word Processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spreadsheet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presentations </li></ul></ul>http:// start.sjssf.net
  41. 42. Games for Learning
  42. 43. Brain Research <ul><li>The brain developed to solve problems related to surviving in an unstable outdoor environment that occur in near constant motion. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Medina, Brain Rules </li></ul></ul>
  43. 44. Patterns <ul><li>The human brain loves patterns. We see patterns all around, in everyday life, in nature, in manmade objects. </li></ul><ul><li>We see patterns even when they don’t exist </li></ul>
  44. 45. Emotion <ul><li>Our brains work best when there are emotions involved </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Excitement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engagement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enthusiasm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exploration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frustration </li></ul></ul>
  45. 46. Collaboration <ul><li>Our brains want to work with others </li></ul>
  46. 47. Games… <ul><li>…provide structured patterns </li></ul><ul><li>…create emotional connections </li></ul><ul><li>…encourage collaboration </li></ul>
  47. 48. Video Games and HOTS <ul><li>“ Better theories of learning are embedded in the video games many children play than in the schools they attend.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>James Paul Gee What Video Games Have to Teach Us About Learning and Literacy </li></ul></ul>
  48. 49. What kinds of theories? <ul><li>Student-centered learning </li></ul><ul><li>Peer teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffolding </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Problem-solving </li></ul><ul><li>Empathy, role-play </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Development of expertise </li></ul>
  49. 50. Scientific American <ul><li>A pernicious excitement to learn and play _____ has spread all over the country, and numerous clubs for playing this game have been formed in cities and villages. Why should we regret this? It may be asked. </li></ul><ul><li>We answer, _____ is a mere amusement of very inferior character, which robs the mind of valuable time that might be devoted to nobler acquirements, while it affords no benefit whatever to the body. </li></ul><ul><li>_____ has acquired a high reputation as being a means to discipline the mind, but persons engaged in sedentary occupations should never practice this cheerless game; they require out-door exercises—not this sort of mental gladiatorship. </li></ul>
  50. 51. Scientific American, July, 1859 <ul><li>A pernicious excitement to learn and play chess has spread all over the country, and numerous clubs for playing this game have been formed in cities and villages. Why should we regret this? It may be asked. </li></ul><ul><li>We answer, chess is a mere amusement of very inferior character, which robs the mind of valuable time that might be devoted to nobler acquirements, while it affords no benefit whatever to the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Chess has acquired a high reputation as being a means to discipline the mind, but persons engaged in sedentary occupations should never practice this cheerless game; they require out-door exercises—not this sort of mental gladiatorship. </li></ul>
  51. 52. Laser Sonic Spy <ul><li>http://4kids.org/games/ </li></ul><ul><li>Using a protractor </li></ul><ul><li>Estimating angles </li></ul><ul><li>Reflecting angles </li></ul>
  52. 53. Game Examples <ul><li>Food Force </li></ul><ul><li>Stop Disasters </li></ul><ul><li>Magic Pen </li></ul><ul><li>You Are the Historian </li></ul><ul><li>Team Treks </li></ul><ul><li>Third World Farmer </li></ul><ul><li>Minyanland </li></ul><ul><li>ElectroCity </li></ul><ul><li>Nanoquest </li></ul><ul><li>Real Lives </li></ul><ul><li>Traveler IQ </li></ul><ul><li>The Forbidden City </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual History: Settling America </li></ul><ul><li>Discover Babylon </li></ul><ul><li>Dimension Math </li></ul><ul><li>Lunar Quest </li></ul><ul><li>Web Rangers </li></ul><ul><li>Peacemaker </li></ul><ul><li>Budget Hero </li></ul>
  53. 54. Authentic Activities in the Classroom <ul><li>Building engagement through real world connections </li></ul><ul><li>Student ownership increases motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 provides hundreds of ways to demonstrate understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Pathfinder Science </li></ul><ul><li>( http:// pathfinderscience.net / ) </li></ul>
  54. 55. Web 2.0 <ul><li>Users of the Web create information and have control over it </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs, Wikis, YouTube </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Web becomes truly interactive as different sites link data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mashups - Flickr , Google Maps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aggregators/Portals – IM, Twitter, RSS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Bookmarking, “Folksonomies” </li></ul></ul>
  55. 56. Engaged Learning <ul><li>Connect students to the world </li></ul><ul><li>http://muti.co.za/static/newsmap.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.tenbyten.org/10x10.html </li></ul><ul><li>http:// galleryofwriting.org </li></ul><ul><li>Connect students to each other </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.epals.com </li></ul></ul>
  56. 57. Authentic Learning with Web 2.0 <ul><li>Workshop presented by blogger Alan Levine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outline a story idea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find some media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pick a tool to build the story </li></ul></ul><ul><li>50 Ways to Tell the Dominoe Story </li></ul>
  57. 58. Google Earth <ul><li>Explore geographic locations both on Earth and in space. </li></ul><ul><li>View geography and buildings in 3D </li></ul><ul><li>View community content </li></ul><ul><li>Create interactive projects which include, images, text, video and sound. </li></ul>http://www.google.com/educators/geo.html http://earth.google.com/outreach/index.html
  58. 59. Google Earth PRO <ul><li>Organizational license </li></ul><ul><li>Usually $400 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Educators can get for free! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.ncs-tech.org/?p=783 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why Pro? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Faster </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Measure area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No ads </li></ul></ul>
  59. 60. Google Earth
  60. 61. Google Lit Trips <ul><li>Use multimedia and Google Earth to take users on tours of places in literature. </li></ul><ul><li>Download a .KMZ file and open in Google Earth </li></ul><ul><li>http://googlelittrips.com/ </li></ul>
  61. 62. Primary Source Material <ul><li>Engage Students </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tie to prior knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluate the source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look at details </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make it personal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Promote Inquiry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make speculations (creator, purpose, audience) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compare to other primary and secondary sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talk about other places to find primary sources </li></ul></ul>
  62. 63. Primary Source Example <ul><li>Library of Congress ( http:// www.loc.gov ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>American Memory Project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World Digital Library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas – Legislation Information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Veteran’s history </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher Resources </li></ul></ul>
  63. 64. More Primary Sources <ul><li>Similar resources exist at many high-level government sites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geology & Geography ( http://USGS.gov ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Space and Physics ( http://NASA.gov ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oceanography & Meteorology ( http://NOAA.gov ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health & Medicine ( http://CDC.gov & http://HHS.gov ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy ( http://www.energy.gov ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smithsonian Museums ( http:// si.edu ) </li></ul></ul>
  64. 65. Differentiated Instruction & Technology <ul><li>Adapting educational activities and instructional approaches to meet the needs of all students within a single classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Students vary in many ways: </li></ul><ul><li>Background Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Readiness </li></ul><ul><li>Language Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Styles </li></ul><ul><li>Interests </li></ul><ul><li>more? </li></ul>
  65. 66. Differentiated Instruction
  66. 67. Differentiation - Content <ul><li>Student selection of topics/interests </li></ul><ul><li>Compacting the curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Accelerated or remedial activities </li></ul><ul><li>Example: ThinkTank ( http://thinktank.4teachers.org ) </li></ul>
  67. 68. Differentiation - Process <ul><li>Vary the expectations and requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Allow students to participate in setting goals </li></ul><ul><li>Combine group work with individual activities </li></ul><ul><li>Example: RubiStar and PBL Checklists </li></ul><ul><li>( http://rubistar.4teachers.org/ ) </li></ul><ul><li>( http://pblchecklist.4teachers.org/ ) </li></ul>
  68. 69. Differentiation - Product <ul><li>Allow students to demonstrate knowledge in a variety of ways </li></ul><ul><li>Vary performance expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Example: KidsVid and Web Poster Wizard </li></ul><ul><li>( http:// kidsvid.altec.org / ) </li></ul><ul><li>( http://poster.4teachers.org/ ) </li></ul>
  69. 70. Resources <ul><li>http://www.slideshare.net/dadams.altec </li></ul><ul><li>Doug Adams </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>http:// altec.org </li></ul>

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