The Scottish Information Literacy Project


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  • The Scottish Information Literacy Project

    1. 1. The Scottish Information Literacy Project: working with partners to create an information literate Scotland The Scottish Information Literacy Project: From ICT to Digital Literacy the importance of information literacy Christine Irving & Dr John Crawford digital literacy in an e-world 2008: The 8 th Annual E-Books Conference - Thursday 30 th October 2008
    2. 2. Presentation <ul><li>Scottish Information Literacy Project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early beginnings – ICT and the Drumchapel Project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project objectives – progress to date, partnership and contacts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A National Information Literacy Framework (Scotland) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Literacy, Digital Information Literacy, Information Literacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Literacy in the workplace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What’s next </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quotes / Final thoughts </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. ICT / Drumchapel Project <ul><li>An exploratory project – initially ICT skills orientated </li></ul><ul><li>Community ICT facilities little used - Library and Cybercafés – implications only now being addressed </li></ul><ul><li>School and School Library are main focus for IT use in deprived areas </li></ul><ul><li>Little integration of information literacy into the curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Levels of ICT ‘deprivation’ did not seem to be high </li></ul><ul><li>Basic IT skills exist- WP, email, Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Pupil evaluation of websites poor </li></ul><ul><li>An asylum seeking issue </li></ul><ul><li>An information literacy skills agenda emerged </li></ul>
    4. 4. The Scottish Information Literacy Project - objectives <ul><li>to develop an information literacy framework, linking primary, secondary and tertiary education to lifelong learning including workplace and adult literacies agendas </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy on behalf of information literacy for education and the wider community </li></ul><ul><li>Working with information literacy champions both UK and worldwide  </li></ul><ul><li>Researching and promoting information literacy in the workplace </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying and working with partners, both in education and the wider community </li></ul><ul><li>Researching the role of information literacy in continuing professional development </li></ul><ul><li>Researching the health literacies agenda </li></ul>
    5. 5. Progress to date <ul><li>First draft of Framework produced and piloted </li></ul><ul><li>Information literacy in the workplace study </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting international contacts </li></ul><ul><li>Contacts developed and strengthened with NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive communications programme </li></ul><ul><li>Website further developed </li></ul><ul><li>Contact established with Glasgow Chamber of Commerce </li></ul><ul><li>Initial health literacies contacts made </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of an information literacy network </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulated unprecedented level of activity in the schools sector in Scotland </li></ul>
    6. 6. Partnerships and contacts <ul><li>Schools mainly with librarians </li></ul><ul><li>FE/HE </li></ul><ul><li>Dept. Educational Foundations, University of Wisconsin-Whitewater </li></ul><ul><li>Delegation from Finland </li></ul><ul><li>US National Forum for Information Literacy </li></ul><ul><li>University of Aalborg? </li></ul><ul><li>Workplace – Scottish Government; Glasgow Chamber; CBI Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>LTS/SQA </li></ul>
    7. 7. A National Information Literacy Framework (Scotland) – draft outline
    8. 8. A National Information Literacy Framework (Scotland) – draft contents <ul><li>Back ground information and provenance </li></ul><ul><li>Acknowledgements </li></ul><ul><li>Information literacy – what it is </li></ul><ul><li>Information literacy and lifelong learning </li></ul><ul><li>Information literacy education </li></ul><ul><li>Use of the Information Literacy framework </li></ul><ul><li>The framework levels </li></ul><ul><li>Information literacy and assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Appendices </li></ul>
    9. 9. Draft Framework <ul><li>Piloting and evaluation survey carried out – good feedback, more work to do - ongoing </li></ul><ul><li>Exemplars </li></ul><ul><li>Some good examples from partners – primary, secondary, FE, HE, workplace, transition </li></ul><ul><li>More to come – some still being developed. Not as many as hoped - practitioners tend not to think of their activities as exemplars of good practice </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing Practice for schools </li></ul><ul><li>Learning and Teaching Scotland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adding value to LTS Information Literacy Online Service:  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exemplars of good practice </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Key point </li></ul><ul><li>Need to link to Curriculum for Excellence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>single coherent curriculum for all young people aged 3-18 in Scotland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>provides a framework within which excellent learning and teaching can take place </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>it is an integral part of the improvement agenda in Scottish education. </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Curriculum for Excellence Literacy <ul><li>Literacy and English Outcomes – Draft experiences and outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>February 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>The three lines of development for literacy skills are: </li></ul><ul><li>Reading - Enjoyment and Choice, Tools for reading, Finding and using information, Understanding, analysing and evaluating </li></ul><ul><li>Writing - Enjoyment and Choice, Tools for writing, organising and using information, creating texts </li></ul><ul><li>Listening and talking - Enjoyment and Choice, Tools for listening and talking, Finding and using information, Understanding, analysing and evaluating, creating texts </li></ul><ul><li>Within each of these there are organizers relevant to all curriculum areas. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    11. 11. Digital Literacy <ul><li>The ability to use ICT and the Internet becomes a new form of literacy – “digital literacy”. </li></ul><ul><li>Digital literacy is fast becoming a prerequisite for creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship and without it citizens can neither participate fully in society nor acquire the skills and knowledge necessary to live in the 21 st century. </li></ul><ul><li>European Commission, 2003:1 </li></ul>
    12. 12. Digital Literacy <ul><li>the ability to understand and use information in multiple formats from a wide range of sources when it is presented via computers. </li></ul><ul><li>Digital literacy is fast becoming a prerequisite for creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship and without it citizens can neither participate fully in society nor acquire the skills and knowledge necessary to live in the 21 st century. </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Glister, 1997:1-2 </li></ul>
    13. 13. Digital Information Literacy? <ul><li>A review of digital information literacy in 0-16 year olds: evidence, development models, and recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>“ What will information sources and access be like for our children in another decade or two and again when they grow into old age? Clearly </li></ul><ul><li>we are teaching our children to be flexible handlers of information – to enable them to cope with information sources and access technology not yet invented. The why and how of education immediately becomes more important than the here and now. We need to teach them how to find out, not teach them ‘the answers’ …” </li></ul><ul><li> Geoff Dubber (2008) SLA Guidelines, Cultivating Curiosity : Information Literacy Skills and the Primary School Library (p.8) </li></ul><ul><li>Digital information literacy or information literacy in a digital world? </li></ul>
    14. 14. Information Literacy in a digital environment <ul><li>No need for a new definition for IL in a Web 2.0 world </li></ul><ul><li>Key issue is how you understand the concept of ‘information’ </li></ul><ul><li>Commentators on IL make the assumption that ‘information’ in IL definitions refers to textual information, but that is not necessarily the case. </li></ul><ul><li>The notes on IL skills which accompany the CILIP definition make it clear that information may be available on paper, digitally, through other media such as broadcast or film or from a colleague or friend </li></ul><ul><li>Webber , Sheila. (2008) Educating Web 2.0 LIS students for information literacy in Information Literacy meets Library 2.0 edited by Peter Godwin and Jo Parker (p39) </li></ul>
    15. 15. Information Literacy <ul><li>&quot;Information literacy is knowing when and why you need information, where to find it, and how to evaluate, use and communicate it in an ethical manner.&quot; CILIP (2004) Information Literacy Definition </li></ul><ul><li>“ Information Literacy was defined as the ability to identify, locate, evaluate, organize and effectively create, use and communicate information to address an issue or problem.” Prague Declaration </li></ul>
    16. 16. Information Literacy – Prague Declaration <ul><li>To date, advancements in information and communication </li></ul><ul><li>technologies have only increased the divide between the </li></ul><ul><li>information rich and the information poor. </li></ul><ul><li>Three elements to improve this situation: </li></ul><ul><li>ready access to information and communication technologies; </li></ul><ul><li>unrestricted availability of needed information; </li></ul><ul><li>an information literate citizenry </li></ul><ul><li>Information literate citizenry is required to mobilize an effective </li></ul><ul><li>civil society and create a competitive workforce. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    17. 17. Information literacy in the workplace <ul><li>Workplace studies Project objective </li></ul><ul><li>Based on 20 interviews with employees mainly in the public sector in central Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>Not a heavily studied area – limited literature </li></ul><ul><li>Founded on a review of the pedagogic literature of learning in the workplace </li></ul><ul><li>Interviews arranged with the help of Project partners and contacts in Adult Literacies, Tribunals Service, Scottish Government Library Services and health libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of private sector contacts </li></ul><ul><li>Funded by the British Academy </li></ul>
    18. 18. Conclusions (1) <ul><li>The traditional ‘library’ view of information as deriving from electronic and printed sources only is invalid in the workplace and must include people as sources of information </li></ul><ul><li>It is essential to recognize the key role of human relationships in the development of information literacy in the workplace </li></ul><ul><li>The public enterprise with its emphasis on skills and qualifications is a fertile area for further investigation and developmental work </li></ul><ul><li>Adult Literacies training is a powerful driver to encourage workplace information literacy </li></ul>
    19. 19. Conclusions (2) <ul><li>Advanced Internet training extends employees’ information horizons </li></ul><ul><li>A skill and qualifications based agenda is an important pre-condition </li></ul><ul><li>Most interviewees viewed public libraries as irrelevant for anything other than recreational purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Information literacy training programmes must be highly focused on the target audience </li></ul><ul><li>All organizations have information policies but may be unaware of the fact </li></ul><ul><li>An understanding of what constitutes information literacy is widespread in the workplace but is often implicit rather than explicit and is based on qualifications, experience, and networking activities </li></ul><ul><li>Organizations which access a wide range of information, of high quality, including sources outwith their organization, will make the best informed decisions </li></ul>
    20. 20. <ul><li>Contacts should be established with chambers of commerce, skills agencies and other organizations involved in workplace training </li></ul><ul><li>Organizations’ information polices which are largely implicit should be made explicit and should include accessing a wide range of information, of high quality, including sources outwith their organization </li></ul><ul><li>Preliminary skills audits should be carried out within organizations to determine staff information literacy skills and the organization’s information literacy policy </li></ul><ul><li>The viability of developing information literacy training programmes should be further researched </li></ul><ul><li>Information literacy training programmes should initially target sympathetic organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Internet training programmes should be offered to all workplace employees </li></ul><ul><li>The private sector should be researched further </li></ul><ul><li>The provision of information literacy training programmes by public libraries should be investigated </li></ul><ul><li>Developmental work should be undertaken with Adult Literacies agencies </li></ul><ul><li>NHS contacts should be expanded to progress the health literacies agenda </li></ul>Recommendations
    21. 21. Scottish Information Literacy Project - what we want to do next <ul><li>Restructure the National Information Literacy Framework Scotland in the light of feedback from piloting in the school and FE/HE sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Expand the Framework to extend the lifelong learning/community engagement component using the data from the workplace/Adult Literacies study currently completing </li></ul><ul><li>Investigate the development of information skills training modules which could be delivered via public libraries, workplace training and Adult Literacies programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Review and develop our existing workplace information literacy skills expertise with chambers of commerce, Adult Literacies partners, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Have more time to publicise and promote our work to the sectors which we are targeting and to disseminate and develop strategic collaborations and partnerships on a national and international basis. </li></ul><ul><li>To develop further strands in media and health literacies </li></ul><ul><li>Get information literacy incorporated into Scotland's’ lifelong learning policy </li></ul>
    22. 22. Quotes / final thoughts <ul><li>Glister identifies critical thinking rather than technical competence as the core skill of digital literacy , and emphasizes the critical evaluation of what is found on the Web, rather than the critical skills required to access it. </li></ul><ul><li>Allan Martin (2006) A Framework for Digital Literacy </li></ul><ul><li>The internet needs a way to help people separate rumour from real science, says the creator of the World Wide Web </li></ul><ul><li> Pallab Ghosh, Science correspondent, BBC News (2008) </li></ul><ul><li>That's why library and information specialists build / built portals and gateways for their users but a lot of people don't want to use them preferring to using Google as they think Google has all the answers. </li></ul><ul><li>Sounds like people want technology to do our thinking for us instead of not believing everything they read but being able to evaluate what they read and become information literate. </li></ul><ul><li>Christine Irving (2008) </li></ul>
    23. 23. Information Literacy in practice <ul><li>Pupils from Craigholme School in Glasgow working on their Information Literacy Project (Junior 6) </li></ul>
    24. 24. Contact details <ul><li>Dr. John Crawford, Christine Irving </li></ul><ul><li>Library Research Officer, Researcher / Project Officer </li></ul><ul><li>Milton Street Building Milton Street Building </li></ul><ul><li>MS004, (ground floor) MS005, (ground floor) </li></ul><ul><li>Glasgow Caledonian University Glasgow Caledonian University </li></ul><ul><li>Cowcaddens Road Cowcaddens Road </li></ul><ul><li>Glasgow, G4 0BA Glasgow, G4 0BA </li></ul><ul><li>Tel: 0141-273 -1248 Tel: 0141-273 -1249 </li></ul><ul><li>Email Email [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Project website </li></ul><ul><li>Project blog </li></ul>