Jeff Co Rit

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Jeff Co Rit

  1. 1. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures WHY
  2. 2. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures SCOPE This SOP meets or exceeds the intent of applicable sections within Chapter 6, Emergency Operations, of NFPA 1500, Standards on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program. It also intends to meet requirements of the OSHA Respirator Protection Standard 1910.134 and OSHA 2 in/2 out Rule 308-134e.
  3. 3. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures Purpose The purpose of this Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) is to outline the procedures for members entering an IDLH atmosphere or working in and environment recognized to be unstable.
  4. 4. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures Purpose <ul><li>Personnel assigned to perform this function will be designated as the Rapid Intervention Team (RIT). </li></ul><ul><li>The composition and structure of the RIT shall be flexible depending on the type, size and complexity of the incident. </li></ul><ul><li>Level 1 RIT will consist of no less than two trained members. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>Immediately dangerous to life or health </li></ul><ul><li>Oxygen level below 19.5% </li></ul><ul><li>Lower explosive limits in excess of 10% </li></ul><ul><li>Toxins in excess of the Permissible Exposure Level </li></ul><ul><li>Confined space, collapse or any other situation recognized to be unstable and could cause injury. </li></ul>DEFINITIONS: IDLH
  6. 6. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>An atmosphere that poses an immediate threat to life </li></ul><ul><li>Would cause irreversible adverse health effects or would impair an individual’s ability to escape from a dangerous atmosphere. </li></ul><ul><li>The interior of a structure involved in fire, beyond the incipient stage, is considered IDLH atmosphere. </li></ul>DEFINITIONS: IDLH
  7. 7. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>A fire in the initial stage </li></ul><ul><li>Can be controlled or extinguished using portable extinguishers, or small hose systems </li></ul><ul><li>Without the need for protective clothing or self-contained breathing apparatus. </li></ul>Incipient Stage Fire:
  8. 8. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>Report given to Command or Operations that all members of the crew are accounted for. </li></ul><ul><li>Periodically completed to check on personnel. </li></ul>Personal Accountability Report (PAR)
  9. 9. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>“ Accountability to unit 3352W PAR?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Unit 3352W to Accountability we are PAR w/four.” </li></ul>Personal Accountability Report (PAR) Example
  10. 10. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>A team consisting of a minimum of two trained members. </li></ul><ul><li>Duties are to track, and rescue if needed, emergency personnel: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who enter a structure involved in fire beyond the incipient stage (IDLH atmosphere) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who fall victim to an unstable situation (e.g. confined space, collapse) at a emergency scene. </li></ul></ul>Level 1 RIT
  11. 11. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>A team consisting of a minimum of four trained members </li></ul><ul><li>Duties are the same as Level 1 RIT </li></ul>Level 2 RIT
  12. 12. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures Multiple RIT teams shall be referred to as: RIT – 1, RIT – 2, etc. Regardless of Level
  13. 13. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>RIT-1W The primary crew </li></ul><ul><li>RIT-1X The secondary crew </li></ul><ul><li>There shall be a minimum of two firefighters assigned to each crew. </li></ul><ul><li>Each crew shall be equipped with a transceiver/radio. </li></ul>SPLITTING RAPID INTERVENTION TEAMS
  14. 14. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>A verbal notification to the IC that immediate action is required to rescue or assist emergency personnel operating in emergency incidents. </li></ul><ul><li>May be declared by the individual(s) in trouble or someone who identifies an individual(s) is in trouble. </li></ul>MAYDAY
  15. 15. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>Sector officer whose function is the tracking of the entry teams and command of rapid intervention operations. </li></ul><ul><li>Performs no other function but tracking, RIT and/or Accountability if needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinates with Safety and Accountability Officers, but reports directly to command as noted on the next slide </li></ul>RIT Group Leader
  16. 16. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures IC Operations Safety Group Leader Accountability Fire Crews RIT 1 RIT 2 RIT
  17. 17. <ul><li>Desirable equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RIT Kit </li></ul></ul>Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures RIT Kit: (Rescue equipment) <ul><ul><li>Secured hand-line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forcible entry tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rescue rope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hand light </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TIC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transceiver </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>After conducting a size-up of the incident scene, RIT may determine the need for additional equipment not listed. </li></ul><ul><li>RIT shall attempt to obtain this equipment by utilizing the apparatus at the incident scene. </li></ul>RIT Kit: (Rescue equipment)
  19. 19. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>RIT Kit to have as a minimum the following equipment. SCBA cylinder, spare mask, regulator, flashlight, search rope, door chocks and wire cutters. </li></ul>RIT Kit: (Rescue equipment)
  20. 20. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>RIT shall be implemented during the initial stages of an incident. </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple RITs may be established on large incidents (numbers assigned like sectors) </li></ul><ul><li>RITs shall be assigned to the RIT Group Leader. </li></ul><ul><li>RIT Group Leader will report to command. </li></ul><ul><li>If a RIT Group Leader is not designated, then RIT will report directly to the IC. </li></ul>IMPLEMENTATION :
  21. 21. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>RIT shall report to the Command Post unless given a different assignment. A RIT kit from each dept. operating on the scene is needed. </li></ul>IMPLEMENTATION: <ul><li>After RIT surveys the incident scene, RIT shall gather and/or call for any additional tools or equipment, not carried in the RIT Kit that may be needed to affect a rescue. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>RIT shall place the equipment on a tarp in their designated sector. </li></ul>IMPLEMENTATION:
  23. 23. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>The RIT Group Leader is responsible for the tracking of the Entry Teams. </li></ul><ul><li>RIT Group Leader shall work with the Accountability Officer when possible. </li></ul><ul><li>If Accountability Officer is not available, the RIT Group Leader will be responsible for tracking entry teams. </li></ul>IMPLEMENTATION:
  24. 24. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>RIT members, except for RIT Group Leader, may be utilized for other support activities at the incident. </li></ul><ul><li>HOWEVER, these activities shall not, if abandoned due to rescue operations, place any personnel at additional risks. </li></ul>IMPLEMENTATION:
  25. 25. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>RIT members must maintain visual or voice contact with one another at all times. </li></ul><ul><li>RIT shall announce, via radio to the IC, that RIT has been established. </li></ul><ul><li>RIT members shall utilize the information from their on-going scene size-up to help determine the type of rescue that they may encounter. </li></ul>IMPLEMENTATION:
  26. 26. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>No Entry Team shall enter into an IDLH until RIT has been established. (See Exceptions to Two-In/Two-Out) </li></ul>Entry Team:
  27. 27. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>If the initial attack personnel find a known life hazard situation where immediate action could prevent the loss of life, deviation from the two-in/two-out standard may be permitted. </li></ul><ul><li>If rescue operations are initiated without an RIT in place, Command shall be notified and an RIT shall be established as available crews can be assigned. </li></ul>Exceptions to Two-In/Two-Out:
  28. 28. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>A written report of deviation from this SOP containing all pertinent information including the source of the reported rescue and the outcome shall be submitted by the Company Commander to the Safety Officer. </li></ul><ul><li>The Safety Officer, after reviewing the written report of deviation, shall forward a report to the Chief. </li></ul>Exceptions to Two-In/Two-Out:
  29. 29. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>Anytime emergency personnel operating on an incident feel they are trapped, injured or lost, they shall signal a MAYDAY alert. </li></ul><ul><li>Immediately following the MAYDAY alert, those personnel shall activate their “emergency identification button” on their transceiver </li></ul><ul><li>They shall also activate the manual alarm on their PASS device. </li></ul>MAYDAY Procedures:
  30. 30. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>They shall transmit the “ MAYDAY” via radio by announcing in increments of three “MAYDAY, MAYDAY, MAYDAY” followed by a radio message to IC identifying themselves along, their location, and situation. </li></ul><ul><li>Information pertaining to the location should be as specific as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat until acknowledged. </li></ul><ul><li>Radio or anyone else who feels this transmission is not being heard should immediately relay this information to command. </li></ul>MAYDAY Procedures:
  31. 31. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>“ MAYDAY, MAYDAY, MAYDAY, this is unit 7132W, I am located on the first floor side 2-3 and a firefighter has fallen through the floor into the basement, send help”. </li></ul>MAYDAY Example
  32. 32. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>Command shall deploy the necessary resources needed to assist with a rescue. </li></ul><ul><li>Other members operating on the scene should be aware of the “MAYDAY” situation. However, they must continue with their assigned tasks. The task they are currently performing may very well limit injury to the person or persons in distress as well as assist the RIT team. </li></ul><ul><li>Upon the MAYDAY call, a Personal Accountability Report (PAR) shall be initiated. </li></ul>MAYDAY Procedures:
  33. 33. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>RIT will only be deployed upon orders from the Incident Commander (IC) </li></ul><ul><li>When RIT is deployed, the rescue shall come under the command of the RIT Group Leader. </li></ul><ul><li>Other members must continue with their assigned tasks. </li></ul><ul><li>Fire suppression units may be switched to another channel so as not to interfere with RIT rescue activities. </li></ul>Rapid Intervention Procedures
  34. 34. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>A backup RIT shall be established whenever the initial RIT is deployed. </li></ul><ul><li>Upon the report of a lost or trapped firefighter(s) the RIT Group Leader will immediately concentrate RIT members efforts on rescue and abandon support activities. </li></ul>Rapid Intervention Procedures
  35. 35. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>RIT Group Leader shall compare information with the Accountability Officer in determining the last known location of the missing personnel. </li></ul><ul><li>In the event that an Accountability Officer has not been assigned the RIT Group Leader will handle accountability. </li></ul>Rapid Intervention Implementation
  36. 36. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>The individual(s) who has declared a MAYDAY or is missing shall be identified from the PAR. </li></ul><ul><li>RIT shall be deployed to the last known location of the lost or trapped personnel. </li></ul><ul><li>RIT should follow hose lines or routine search patterns and consider standard operating tactics while searching for lost personnel. </li></ul>Rapid Intervention Implementation
  37. 37. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>When RIT locates a downed firefighter(s) they shall notify the RIT Group Leader by name who they have located, their location and status. </li></ul><ul><li>RIT shall advise the actions being taken to remove them or if additional assistance is needed. </li></ul><ul><li>If a self-rescue or a quick grab and go rescue is not possible, RIT members shall use the “AWARE” principle. </li></ul>Rapid Intervention Procedures
  38. 38. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>Trapped emergency responder’s hopes of survival depend on the following four critical needs. </li></ul>AWARE Principle: <ul><ul><li>1. Air: RIT should first provide the victim with a redundant (primary & secondary) supply of air. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Water: If the rescue involves fire, the next consideration is to provide a defensible space for the victim by using a hose line or distributor to protect the victim. </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>3. A Radio: If the victim is conscious and able to communicate, RIT may want to provide the trapped victim with a transceiver to monitor his condition. Depending upon the size of the incident, a separate radio channel may be designated for the victim to use. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Extrication: Removal of the victim. </li></ul>AWARE Principle:
  40. 40. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>RIT should give the estimated time it will take to complete the rescue and advise the RIT Group Leader or Command of their plan. </li></ul><ul><li>The RIT Group Leader shall assign additional Rapid Intervention Teams to assist as needed. </li></ul><ul><li>A Level II RIT shall be in place as soon as staffing allows during an active RIT operation. </li></ul>Rapid Intervention Procedures
  41. 41. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures Termination of RIT: <ul><li>RIT can only be terminated when the incident does not meet one of the definitions of an IDLH. </li></ul><ul><li>Or when responders are not in a Confined space, collapse or any other situation recognized to be unstable that could cause injury. </li></ul>
  42. 42. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures QUIZ
  43. 43. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>Level 1 RIT will consist of no less than ___________ trained firefighter(s). </li></ul><ul><li>1 </li></ul><ul><li>2 </li></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul><ul><li>4 </li></ul>QUIZ
  44. 44. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>The interior structure involved in fire, beyond the incipient stage is considered an ____________ atmosphere. </li></ul><ul><li>PAR </li></ul><ul><li>BLEVE </li></ul><ul><li>IDLH </li></ul><ul><li>RIT </li></ul>QUIZ
  45. 45. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>3. A team consisting of a minimum of four trained firefighters whose duties are to track, and rescue if needed, emergency personnel that enter a structure involved in fire beyond the incipient stage. </li></ul><ul><li>Level 1 RIT </li></ul><ul><li>Level 2 RIT </li></ul><ul><li>Level 3 RIT </li></ul><ul><li>Level 4 RIT </li></ul>QUIZ
  46. 46. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>4. Trapped emergency responder’s hopes of survival may depend on which of the following four needs? </li></ul><ul><li>Air </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Radio </li></ul><ul><li>Extrication </li></ul><ul><li>All the above </li></ul>QUIZ
  47. 47. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>5. The RIT Group Leader is a sector officer who reports directly to _______. </li></ul><ul><li>The Incident Commander </li></ul><ul><li>A Company Officer </li></ul><ul><li>The Safety Officer </li></ul><ul><li>No one, he/she is in charge </li></ul>QUIZ
  48. 48. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>6. A verbal notification to the Incident Commander that immediate action is required to rescue or assist emergency personnel operating in emergency incident. </li></ul><ul><li>PAR </li></ul><ul><li>RIT </li></ul><ul><li>MAYDAY </li></ul><ul><li>AWARE </li></ul>QUIZ
  49. 49. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>7. If rescue operations are initiated without a RIT in place, the company officer must _________________. </li></ul><ul><li>resign </li></ul><ul><li>submit a written report of deviation </li></ul><ul><li>be counseled </li></ul><ul><li>demoted </li></ul>QUIZ
  50. 50. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>8. A report given to command or Operations that all members of the crew are accounted for. </li></ul><ul><li>TIC </li></ul><ul><li>AWARE </li></ul><ul><li>IDLH </li></ul><ul><li>PAR </li></ul>QUIZ
  51. 51. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>9. When a Level 2 Rapid Intervention Team is split up into two crews. The crews are identified as RIT-1W and RIT-1X. </li></ul><ul><li>True </li></ul><ul><li>False </li></ul>QUIZ
  52. 52. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>10. The Rapid Intervention Team can be terminated at any time as long as it was set up initially. </li></ul><ul><li>True </li></ul><ul><li>False </li></ul>QUIZ
  53. 53. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures QUIZ Answers
  54. 54. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>Level 1 RIT will consist of no less than ___________ trained firefighter(s). </li></ul><ul><li>1 </li></ul><ul><li>2 </li></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul><ul><li>4 </li></ul>QUIZ Answers
  55. 55. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>The interior structure involved in fire, beyond the incipient stage is considered an ____________ atmosphere. </li></ul><ul><li>PAR </li></ul><ul><li>BLEVE </li></ul><ul><li>IDLH </li></ul><ul><li>RIT </li></ul>QUIZ Answers
  56. 56. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>3. A team consisting of a minimum of four trained firefighters whose duties are to track, and rescue if needed, emergency personnel that enter a structure involved in fire beyond the incipient stage. </li></ul><ul><li>Level 1 RIT </li></ul><ul><li>Level 2 RIT </li></ul><ul><li>Level 3 RIT </li></ul><ul><li>Level 4 RIT </li></ul>QUIZ Answers
  57. 57. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>4. Trapped emergency responder’s hopes of survival may depend on which of the following four needs? </li></ul><ul><li>Air </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Radio </li></ul><ul><li>Extrication </li></ul><ul><li>All the above </li></ul>QUIZ Answers
  58. 58. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>5. The RIT Group Leader is a sector officer who reports directly to _______. </li></ul><ul><li>The Incident Commander </li></ul><ul><li>A Company Officer </li></ul><ul><li>The Safety Officer </li></ul><ul><li>No one, he/she is in charge </li></ul>QUIZ Answers
  59. 59. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>6. A verbal notification to the Incident Commander that immediate action is required to rescue or assist emergency personnel operating in emergency incident. </li></ul><ul><li>PAR </li></ul><ul><li>RIT </li></ul><ul><li>MAYDAY </li></ul><ul><li>AWARE </li></ul>QUIZ Answers
  60. 60. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>7. If rescue operations are initiated without a RIT in place, the company officer must _________________. </li></ul><ul><li>resign </li></ul><ul><li>submit a written report of deviation </li></ul><ul><li>be counseled </li></ul><ul><li>demoted </li></ul>QUIZ Answers
  61. 61. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>8. A report given to command or Operations that all members of the crew are accounted for. </li></ul><ul><li>TIC </li></ul><ul><li>AWARE </li></ul><ul><li>IDLH </li></ul><ul><li>PAR </li></ul>QUIZ Answers
  62. 62. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>9. When a Level 2 Rapid Intervention Team is split up into two crews. The crews are identified as RIT-1W and RIT-1X. </li></ul><ul><li>True </li></ul><ul><li>False </li></ul>QUIZ Answers
  63. 63. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>10. The Rapid Intervention Team can be terminated at any time as long as it was set up initially. </li></ul><ul><li>True </li></ul><ul><li>False </li></ul>QUIZ Answers
  64. 64. Rapid Intervention Team & MAYDAY Procedures <ul><li>Any questions or comments concerning the Rapid Intervention S.O.P. or the PowerPoint Presentation can be forwarded to the Jefferson County Instructors Association. </li></ul>

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