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Embodying Hacker Culture in Women­
   friendly Free Software Groups



                   Yuwei Lin
    ESRC National Centre for e­Social Science
           University of Manchester



 
             Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Free/Libre Open Source Software
        Software whose source code are available for 
    ●



        users to run, copy, study, modify, improve, and 
        redistribute.  
        Free software is a matter of liberty, not price. To 
    ●



        understand the concept, you should think of 
        free as in free speech, not as in free beer. 



 
                    Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Free Software and Safe Living
        Security holes or software glitches: users can not 
    ●



        only report a bug, but also define what is a bug. 
        Transparency and openness: “Given enough 
    ●



        eyeballs, all bugs are shallow.” (Eric Raymond)
        Peer production
    ●




        Freedom of re/configuring and re/designing 
    ●



        technology
        Taking control
    ●

 
                     Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Hacking

                           coding
                   hands­on activities
                         tinkering
                      handling tools
                  working with machines
                   building prototypes
(all these activities originate from engineering culture and are 
                    prominently male defined)
 
                 Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Motivations of Getting Involved

                  Just for fun
                  Reputation
                   Mutuality
                 Gratification
                 Job required
        Self­help: to fix a bug at hand
               God told me so

 
           Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
 
    Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
What is visible?


                        men
                       coding
                      hacking
                   taking control
    'hacker' as a homogeneous social category


 
             Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Problems
     overemphasis on coding and hacking
●




     visibility of women in free software
●




     current societal inequality and knowledge gap
●




                                                                               8
 
                  Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Barriers of Including Women
     Cyberbulling & trolling, sexist & discriminative languages
●




     Unfriendly and inhumane online environment (e.g. RTFM)
●




  gendered role in FLOSS development ­ inequality of different 
●



types of knowledge & women's reduced role

     Housework (child­rearing) – lack of time
●




     Lack of role models, mentors and support
●




     Education (official curriculum, experiences)
●




     A male­defined competitive mindset (reputation, flaming)
●




   Any other reasons that differ from culture to culture, nation to 
●
 
nation, region to region?
                    Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Women's Voices and Networks




 
          Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Contexualisation & Embodiment



    Beyond numbers and the binary gender codes 
             and biological differences




 
              Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Methods & Data Sources
        virtual ethnography: Debian­Women (mixed sex) & 
    ●



        GenderChanger Academy (single sex)
        informal conversations
    ●




        content analysis (webpages, mailing list) with the 
    ●



        help of Text Mining + Corpus Analysis techniques
        who (memberships), said what (topics), done what 
    ●



        (actions)
        limits: neither real life nor real time                                   12
    ●
 
                     Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
IMC­Women




                                                                 13
 
    Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
GenderChanger Academy




                                                                     14
 
    Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Belonging to a group




keyword-in-
context
(KWIC)
concordance




                                                                           15
   
              Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Helping




                                                                 16
 
    Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Participating




                                                                 17
 
    Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Debian­Women
           training and providing support for 
       ●



           women interested in Debian and 
           FLOSS
           organising online tutorials, bug­
       ●



           squashing parties, mentoring
           9 female Debian Developers (total 
       ●



           1049 DD to date 20­Nov­07, 0.8% 
           women)                        18
 
    Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
 
    Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Female Memberships
        computer security analysts
    ●




        programmers
    ●




        system administrators
    ●




        translators
    ●




        anthropologists
    ●




 
                      Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Bodies and Technologies
        ICTs used: mailing lists, irc, cvs, wiki, webpages
    ●




        common participants: names
    ●




        issues: events, problems, sharing information 
    ●



        (forwarding messages)
        (technological­oriented) experiences embedded 
    ●



        in the conversation about fixing problems or bugs
        emotions
    ●


                                                                                 21
 
                    Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
I’m one of these males on #debian­woman and mailling list. I found your “debian­friendly” 
    project idea extremely interesting. I’d like a more collaborative and less competitive 
    Debian world and I think that’s exactly why DW has been so successful.
    —Carlos (comment) 
    March 31, 2005 @ 8:51 am

    I’m not a developer and have never been on debian­women or any other developer 
    site/group/list but I use debian­user a lot and do think there’s something gettting very 
    struck about the culture: a focus on programming and fixing compatibility problems but in a 
    rather macho way. The result is that we don’t have a good hardware compatibility list for 
    Debian, we don’t have good documentation, we don’t have good ways the expertise on, 
    say, the user list, creates FAQs etc. I’m not sure what the answer is but I think it is linked 
    with a stereotypically Western male gendered component to the problem. If there’s a 
    way I can help I’ll try but time is very limited sadly.
    Chris (male, end user of Debian for years now)
    —Chris Evans (comment)
    April 10, 2005 @ 3:30 pm



 
                              Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
The DW project got my attention because it promoted a “positive, welcoming and friendly 
atmosphere” still I did not try to participate because I’m, well… male.


I would very much like to see a “positive, welcoming and friendly atmosphere” Debian project 
for all people.

—Tim Blokdijk (comment)
April 06, 2005 @ 4:07 pm

Sometimes I get worry about the idea of the “invasion” by men in women­groups… but 
is interesting to see this places like “friendly places” where everybody can have access 
to (without gender specific).
—gaba (comment)
April 09, 2005 @ 2:19 am




   
                            Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Where the joy lies?




          SELF­REFLECTION
         ●



      (Emotion + Body + Technology)
    ●




 
         Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
But we have achieved *a lot*. I don't feel anymore it is a
taboo to talk about females within Debian (be it Developers,
Translators, Users or whatever form of involvement), and
are no longer stuck with XXL night-gown sized tshirts in
Debconf (LOL). To me it has made a great difference
and my involvement in the project feels more
quot;normalizedquot; to me.

Also, in RL meetings, the default assumption that the
attending females were $girlfriends of some male quot;actuallyquot;
interested in the meeting has decreassed significantly.

I don't know whether it is related, but since Debian Women
exists the feeling of a quot;socialquot; community on top of the
quot;technicalquot; community has been much reinforced. This
might be my subjective perception of quot;belongingquot; to this
community, improved by the existance of other females in
it, and other members of the project being welcoming and
inclusive about us. (DWZL220106)
  
                Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
%             M        W         U
2005­06       61,88    36,78     1,34
                                                             Statistics about the IRC channel
2005­07       56,01    40,72     3,27
2005­08       60,02    37,49     2,49
2005­09       52,66    42,66     4,68
2005­10       50,3     42,37     7,33
2005­11       58,05    36,57     5,38
2005­12       65,14    30,58     4,28
2006­01       59,69    37,89     2,42
2006­02       70,8     26,96     2,24
2006­03       70,72    28,4      0,88
2006­04       73,54    25,58     0,88

As one can see, even if I can't quot;identifyquot; one third of the people, I have identified the most 
contributing people.

I see an interesting tendency for men participation to increase while women participation 
decreases. I already have this feeling for quite a long time but it seems that numbers are 
proving me correct. Is it good or bad: I leave this up to you, people...:)


(CPDW250406)
   
                             Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
I'm not sure if it's inherent aggression in male communication style as much as it's 
simply how communication on a quot;real­timequot; text­based medium goes. A situation 
where are several people in one quot;areaquot; holding several different conversations is 
much different than say Jabber or AIM where you are speaking directly to one 
person, and you wait for their response before you type again. Sometimes 
comments get lost in the shuffle because people are trying to follow multiple 
conversations, other times that conversation thread simply dies out. I don't attribute 
this to inherent aggression of males, but rather the way conversations flow on IRC.

I tried to introduce family members to IRC­like gathering areas, thinking it would be 
worthwhile to actually be able to hold conversations with more than one person at a 
time. It very much didn't work. They felt the same way ­ that people were quot;talking 
overquot; them, ignoring them ­ that they couldn't keep up with everything going on 
because one group of people was talking about one thing, another about a 
completely different topic and yet another group of people poking fun at each other. 
They gave up because they just couldn't catch up and keep up with the conversation 
flows.
                       Practice + Experience + Body + Technology
   
(PLDW260406)             Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
GenderChangers Academy
                                      since Nov. 1999
                                  ●




                                            ladies only
                                        ●




                           /etc ­ eclectic tech carnival 
                       ●


        The /etc is named after the directory in which *nix systems store 
    ●



                          system configuration files.
                       DIY or DIO (hands­on training)
                   ●




                   exchanging computer related skills
               ●




                                  grass root and local
                              ●
                                                                                         28
 
                            Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
The Eclectic Tech Carnival




 
         Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Memberships
        system and network administrators
    ●




        anthropologists
    ●




        artists
    ●




        musicians
    ●




        accountants
    ●




        social workers
    ●




 
                    Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
 
    Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
 
    Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
events in 2007
        September 3: A bit of everything. Get together, 
    ●



        exchange experiences, lounge, cook, eat and 
        watch a geek movie.
        October 1: Computer Hardware Crash Course
    ●




        November 5: Introducing Free Software. 
    ●



        Installation, configuration and use of a few of the 
        best FLOSS applications
        December 3: Building and managing a Website: 
    ●



        HTML and CSS
 
                  Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Ladyfest.net
                            Ladyfest is a volunteer run 
                        ●



                            DIY festival of music, art, 
                            performance and workshops. 
                            It helps to showcase the 
                            skills and talents of a diverse 
                            group of people.

                                   Lecture Evening Virtual 
                        ●



                                   Identities and female Internet 
                                   Networks. Sara and Nancy 
                                   from the Genderchanger 
                                   Academy speaking about 
                                   female networks (IRC)
 
    Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
How Girls Make Knowledge
        coding knowledge is still considered as more 
●



        advanced (reproduction of hegemonic mainstream 
        hacker culture)
        layered & networked & embodied epistemic cultures
●




        rationality + sensitivity = hybrid: femininities 
●



        (complex, layered, strategic, adaptive, emotional)  + 
        masculinities (disconnected, emotionally avoidant, 
        instrumental, simplistic)
     
                     Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Achievements

        visibility & awareness raising
    ●




        identity building (exploring & experimenting)
    ●




        knowledge sharing, mutual learning and support 
    ●



        (“a low­RTFM environment)
        creating a more intimate collaborative space
    ●




        beyond the simplistic categories of gender talks, 
    ●



        it's women's play embodied in these online 
        narratives; a women's version of 'just for fun' 36
 
                    Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Women's Play on GNU/Linux
        strengthens the importance of networking, sharing 
    ●



        experiences and problem­solving tips, of socialising 
        and social capitals in FLOSS dev.
        creating a more harmonised & reflexive space
    ●




        In Janice Raymond's words: 'The empowering of 
    ●



        female friendship can create the conditions for a new 
        feminist politics in which the personal is most 
        passionately political'. 
        resistance & change; sameness and differences
    ●
                                                                                  37
 
                     Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Mihmo
           interaction designer at Red Hat's engineering department
                         co­founder of Gnome­Women
LinuxChix appears to be succeeding on these fronts. However, as 
 large as the group seems to be, I'm somewhat skeptical that it's 
  produced many open source *developers*. Think of it this way, 
 only men write books and women and men read books. It's good 
that there are literate women, but if the books are created only by 
  men, then a male perspective will dominate. I use this analogy 
because I have thought for a long time that programming is a new 
     literarcy, and that as computers become more and more 
  pervasive in everyday life, those who fail to gain some ability in 
                   programming will be left behind.
                        http://mihmo.livejournal.com/6071.html
   
                     Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Anne Nicolas
           Director of Engineering at Paris­based Mandriva

      As a woman, I feel like a human being working with other 
        human beings (I hope so :) ). So one may encounter 
     relationship problems in this team as in any other field. It's 
      hard to avoid bias, and of course the Linux world is also 
    suffering because it. But I must say I haven't had any major 
    problems until now (I cross my fingers twice :) ). I think the 
      most important words are open mind and dialogue, sane 
    discussions and respect. Yes, there are very few women in 
       the Linux world, but it's up to them to contribute and to 
           become part of it. It's just a question of interest.
               http://distrowatch.com/weekly.php?issue=20071022#interview
 
                       Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
Whose Wonder Woman?
    Whose Female Hacker? Global or Local versions?




                                                                           40
 
              Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster

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Embodying Hacker Culture in Women-friendly Free Software Groups

  • 1. Embodying Hacker Culture in Women­ friendly Free Software Groups Yuwei Lin ESRC National Centre for e­Social Science University of Manchester   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 2. Free/Libre Open Source Software Software whose source code are available for  ● users to run, copy, study, modify, improve, and  redistribute.   Free software is a matter of liberty, not price. To  ● understand the concept, you should think of  free as in free speech, not as in free beer.    Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 3. Free Software and Safe Living Security holes or software glitches: users can not  ● only report a bug, but also define what is a bug.  Transparency and openness: “Given enough  ● eyeballs, all bugs are shallow.” (Eric Raymond) Peer production ● Freedom of re/configuring and re/designing  ● technology Taking control ●   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 4. Hacking coding hands­on activities tinkering handling tools working with machines building prototypes (all these activities originate from engineering culture and are  prominently male defined)   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 5. Motivations of Getting Involved Just for fun Reputation Mutuality Gratification Job required Self­help: to fix a bug at hand God told me so   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 6.   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 7. What is visible? men coding hacking taking control 'hacker' as a homogeneous social category   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 8. Problems  overemphasis on coding and hacking ●  visibility of women in free software ●  current societal inequality and knowledge gap ● 8   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 9. Barriers of Including Women  Cyberbulling & trolling, sexist & discriminative languages ●  Unfriendly and inhumane online environment (e.g. RTFM) ●  gendered role in FLOSS development ­ inequality of different  ● types of knowledge & women's reduced role  Housework (child­rearing) – lack of time ●  Lack of role models, mentors and support ●  Education (official curriculum, experiences) ●  A male­defined competitive mindset (reputation, flaming) ●  Any other reasons that differ from culture to culture, nation to  ●   nation, region to region? Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 10. Women's Voices and Networks   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 11. Contexualisation & Embodiment Beyond numbers and the binary gender codes  and biological differences   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 12. Methods & Data Sources virtual ethnography: Debian­Women (mixed sex) &  ● GenderChanger Academy (single sex) informal conversations ● content analysis (webpages, mailing list) with the  ● help of Text Mining + Corpus Analysis techniques who (memberships), said what (topics), done what  ● (actions) limits: neither real life nor real time 12 ●   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 13. IMC­Women 13   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 14. GenderChanger Academy 14   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 15. Belonging to a group keyword-in- context (KWIC) concordance 15   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 16. Helping 16   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 17. Participating 17   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 18. Debian­Women training and providing support for  ● women interested in Debian and  FLOSS organising online tutorials, bug­ ● squashing parties, mentoring 9 female Debian Developers (total  ● 1049 DD to date 20­Nov­07, 0.8%  women)  18   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 19.   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 20. Female Memberships computer security analysts ● programmers ● system administrators ● translators ● anthropologists ●   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 21. Bodies and Technologies ICTs used: mailing lists, irc, cvs, wiki, webpages ● common participants: names ● issues: events, problems, sharing information  ● (forwarding messages) (technological­oriented) experiences embedded  ● in the conversation about fixing problems or bugs emotions ● 21   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 22. I’m one of these males on #debian­woman and mailling list. I found your “debian­friendly”  project idea extremely interesting. I’d like a more collaborative and less competitive  Debian world and I think that’s exactly why DW has been so successful. —Carlos (comment)  March 31, 2005 @ 8:51 am I’m not a developer and have never been on debian­women or any other developer  site/group/list but I use debian­user a lot and do think there’s something gettting very  struck about the culture: a focus on programming and fixing compatibility problems but in a  rather macho way. The result is that we don’t have a good hardware compatibility list for  Debian, we don’t have good documentation, we don’t have good ways the expertise on,  say, the user list, creates FAQs etc. I’m not sure what the answer is but I think it is linked  with a stereotypically Western male gendered component to the problem. If there’s a  way I can help I’ll try but time is very limited sadly. Chris (male, end user of Debian for years now) —Chris Evans (comment) April 10, 2005 @ 3:30 pm   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 24. Where the joy lies? SELF­REFLECTION ● (Emotion + Body + Technology) ●   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 25. But we have achieved *a lot*. I don't feel anymore it is a taboo to talk about females within Debian (be it Developers, Translators, Users or whatever form of involvement), and are no longer stuck with XXL night-gown sized tshirts in Debconf (LOL). To me it has made a great difference and my involvement in the project feels more quot;normalizedquot; to me. Also, in RL meetings, the default assumption that the attending females were $girlfriends of some male quot;actuallyquot; interested in the meeting has decreassed significantly. I don't know whether it is related, but since Debian Women exists the feeling of a quot;socialquot; community on top of the quot;technicalquot; community has been much reinforced. This might be my subjective perception of quot;belongingquot; to this community, improved by the existance of other females in it, and other members of the project being welcoming and inclusive about us. (DWZL220106)   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 26. % M W U 2005­06 61,88 36,78 1,34 Statistics about the IRC channel 2005­07 56,01 40,72 3,27 2005­08 60,02 37,49 2,49 2005­09 52,66 42,66 4,68 2005­10 50,3 42,37 7,33 2005­11 58,05 36,57 5,38 2005­12 65,14 30,58 4,28 2006­01 59,69 37,89 2,42 2006­02 70,8 26,96 2,24 2006­03 70,72 28,4 0,88 2006­04 73,54 25,58 0,88 As one can see, even if I can't quot;identifyquot; one third of the people, I have identified the most  contributing people. I see an interesting tendency for men participation to increase while women participation  decreases. I already have this feeling for quite a long time but it seems that numbers are  proving me correct. Is it good or bad: I leave this up to you, people...:) (CPDW250406)   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 27. I'm not sure if it's inherent aggression in male communication style as much as it's  simply how communication on a quot;real­timequot; text­based medium goes. A situation  where are several people in one quot;areaquot; holding several different conversations is  much different than say Jabber or AIM where you are speaking directly to one  person, and you wait for their response before you type again. Sometimes  comments get lost in the shuffle because people are trying to follow multiple  conversations, other times that conversation thread simply dies out. I don't attribute  this to inherent aggression of males, but rather the way conversations flow on IRC. I tried to introduce family members to IRC­like gathering areas, thinking it would be  worthwhile to actually be able to hold conversations with more than one person at a  time. It very much didn't work. They felt the same way ­ that people were quot;talking  overquot; them, ignoring them ­ that they couldn't keep up with everything going on  because one group of people was talking about one thing, another about a  completely different topic and yet another group of people poking fun at each other.  They gave up because they just couldn't catch up and keep up with the conversation  flows. Practice + Experience + Body + Technology   (PLDW260406) Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 28. GenderChangers Academy since Nov. 1999 ● ladies only ● /etc ­ eclectic tech carnival  ● The /etc is named after the directory in which *nix systems store  ● system configuration files. DIY or DIO (hands­on training) ● exchanging computer related skills ● grass root and local ● 28   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 29. The Eclectic Tech Carnival   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 30. Memberships system and network administrators ● anthropologists ● artists ● musicians ● accountants ● social workers ●   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 31.   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 32.   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 33. events in 2007 September 3: A bit of everything. Get together,  ● exchange experiences, lounge, cook, eat and  watch a geek movie. October 1: Computer Hardware Crash Course ● November 5: Introducing Free Software.  ● Installation, configuration and use of a few of the  best FLOSS applications December 3: Building and managing a Website:  ● HTML and CSS   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 34. Ladyfest.net Ladyfest is a volunteer run  ● DIY festival of music, art,  performance and workshops.  It helps to showcase the  skills and talents of a diverse  group of people. Lecture Evening Virtual  ● Identities and female Internet  Networks. Sara and Nancy  from the Genderchanger  Academy speaking about  female networks (IRC)   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 35. How Girls Make Knowledge coding knowledge is still considered as more  ● advanced (reproduction of hegemonic mainstream  hacker culture) layered & networked & embodied epistemic cultures ● rationality + sensitivity = hybrid: femininities  ● (complex, layered, strategic, adaptive, emotional)  +  masculinities (disconnected, emotionally avoidant,  instrumental, simplistic)   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 36. Achievements visibility & awareness raising ● identity building (exploring & experimenting) ● knowledge sharing, mutual learning and support  ● (“a low­RTFM environment) creating a more intimate collaborative space ● beyond the simplistic categories of gender talks,  ● it's women's play embodied in these online  narratives; a women's version of 'just for fun' 36   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 37. Women's Play on GNU/Linux strengthens the importance of networking, sharing  ● experiences and problem­solving tips, of socialising  and social capitals in FLOSS dev. creating a more harmonised & reflexive space ● In Janice Raymond's words: 'The empowering of  ● female friendship can create the conditions for a new  feminist politics in which the personal is most  passionately political'.  resistance & change; sameness and differences ● 37   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 38. Mihmo interaction designer at Red Hat's engineering department co­founder of Gnome­Women LinuxChix appears to be succeeding on these fronts. However, as  large as the group seems to be, I'm somewhat skeptical that it's  produced many open source *developers*. Think of it this way,  only men write books and women and men read books. It's good  that there are literate women, but if the books are created only by  men, then a male perspective will dominate. I use this analogy  because I have thought for a long time that programming is a new  literarcy, and that as computers become more and more  pervasive in everyday life, those who fail to gain some ability in  programming will be left behind. http://mihmo.livejournal.com/6071.html   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 39. Anne Nicolas Director of Engineering at Paris­based Mandriva As a woman, I feel like a human being working with other  human beings (I hope so :) ). So one may encounter  relationship problems in this team as in any other field. It's  hard to avoid bias, and of course the Linux world is also  suffering because it. But I must say I haven't had any major  problems until now (I cross my fingers twice :) ). I think the  most important words are open mind and dialogue, sane  discussions and respect. Yes, there are very few women in  the Linux world, but it's up to them to contribute and to  become part of it. It's just a question of interest. http://distrowatch.com/weekly.php?issue=20071022#interview   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster
  • 40. Whose Wonder Woman? Whose Female Hacker? Global or Local versions? 40   Codes and Conduct Workshop, 19­20 November 2007, Lancaster