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Cutting the trees of knowledge: Social software, Information architecture and Their epistemic consequences
Digitalization vs. Traditional Media <ul><li>Internet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide an interactive component </li></ul></u...
Print Press <ul><li>Its inherent tendency to phrase the nature of information and knowledge in economic terms </li></ul><u...
Problems of electronic media  <ul><li>Author: </li></ul><ul><li>the owner of information </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright: </li...
Electronic publishing  <ul><li>Commercial publishers of scientific books and journals </li></ul><ul><li>Demands of scienti...
Open Access Movement <ul><li>It is a social movement in academia, dedicated to the principle of open access  —  to informa...
Open Access Movement <ul><li>Debate of freedom of (scientific) information </li></ul><ul><li>All proponents agree: </li></...
<ul><li>Social software integrates various aspects of group interaction </li></ul><ul><li>It is simple to use </li></ul><u...
Social Software <ul><li>Core: “Social” </li></ul><ul><li>arXiv:  is an archive for electronic preprints of scientific pape...
Downloadable beliefs <ul><li>Concrete or first-order beliefs are supplanted by metabeliefs </li></ul><ul><li>There is a sh...
Downloadable beliefs <ul><li>Wikipedia: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It was a bottom-up challenge to  traditional encyclopedias <...
Knowledge economy <ul><li>The social organization of knowledge production, storage, distribution boils down to a biologica...
Cutting the trees of knowledge <ul><li>Dewey Decimal Classification </li></ul><ul><li>Universal Decimal Classification </l...
Classification <ul><li>Tagging (labeling): one creates an extra sphere of meta-data (the so-called ‘semantic web’), with t...
Classification <ul><li>Folksonomies:  </li></ul><ul><li>help expand our understanding by showing the overlap between many ...
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Cutting the trees of knowledge: Social software, Information architecture and Their epistemic consequences

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Cutting the trees of knowledge: Social software, Information architecture and Their epistemic consequences

  1. 1. Cutting the trees of knowledge: Social software, Information architecture and Their epistemic consequences
  2. 2. Digitalization vs. Traditional Media <ul><li>Internet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide an interactive component </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involve all interested people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World Wide Web allows information to flow and forth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Radio, TV, Phone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>information flowing in one – direction only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support one –to – one communications </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Print Press <ul><li>Its inherent tendency to phrase the nature of information and knowledge in economic terms </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages – high economic cost </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Printing press </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Printing material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disseminating </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Problems of electronic media <ul><li>Author: </li></ul><ul><li>the owner of information </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright: </li></ul><ul><li>the ownership which had to be judicially protected </li></ul>
  5. 5. Electronic publishing <ul><li>Commercial publishers of scientific books and journals </li></ul><ul><li>Demands of scientific careers </li></ul>
  6. 6. Open Access Movement <ul><li>It is a social movement in academia, dedicated to the principle of open access — to information-sharing for the common good ( Wikipedia ). </li></ul><ul><li>Tracing its history at least to the 1960s, but became much more prominent in the 1990s with the advent of the Digital Age ( Wikipedia ). </li></ul>
  7. 7. Open Access Movement <ul><li>Debate of freedom of (scientific) information </li></ul><ul><li>All proponents agree: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Removing price barriers (‘free as in free beer’) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Removing permission barriers (‘free as in free speech’) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Social software integrates various aspects of group interaction </li></ul><ul><li>It is simple to use </li></ul><ul><li>It enables, through its architecture, groups to self-organize rather than have structure or organization </li></ul>Social Software
  9. 9. Social Software <ul><li>Core: “Social” </li></ul><ul><li>arXiv: is an archive for electronic preprints of scientific papers in the fields of mathematics, physics, computer science, quantitative biology and statistics which can be accessed via the internet. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Downloadable beliefs <ul><li>Concrete or first-order beliefs are supplanted by metabeliefs </li></ul><ul><li>There is a shift from the knowledge of facts and direct acquaintance towards knowledge about beliefs </li></ul>
  11. 11. Downloadable beliefs <ul><li>Wikipedia: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It was a bottom-up challenge to traditional encyclopedias </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not only offer and abstract and schematic overview of a topic but immediately give access to an incredibly fine-mazed, highly specialized </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Knowledge economy <ul><li>The social organization of knowledge production, storage, distribution boils down to a biological fundamental </li></ul><ul><li>Advantage: </li></ul><ul><li>- time saving </li></ul><ul><li>Idle human intelligence </li></ul>
  13. 13. Cutting the trees of knowledge <ul><li>Dewey Decimal Classification </li></ul><ul><li>Universal Decimal Classification </li></ul><ul><li>Library of Congress Subject Classification </li></ul>
  14. 14. Classification <ul><li>Tagging (labeling): one creates an extra sphere of meta-data (the so-called ‘semantic web’), with the specific function of identifying, discovering, assessing, and managing the described entities . </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. blog posting </li></ul>
  15. 15. Classification <ul><li>Folksonomies: </li></ul><ul><li>help expand our understanding by showing the overlap between many related concepts and how they merge into the wealth of social practices that give them meaning. </li></ul>
  16. 16. THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME

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