Aids In Africa


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Aids In Africa

  1. 1. Aids in Africa By: Kelsey Crystle
  2. 2. Why I chose this topic <ul><li>I chose this topic because I wanted to know more about the AIDS epidemic in Africa, and how it effects Africans today. </li></ul><ul><li>I had some previous knowledge about my topic, for example I knew that AIDS killed a lot of people. Also some people are born with it and some get when they grow up. </li></ul>
  3. 3. My Essential Question <ul><li>How does AIDS affect Africans? </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is AIDS? <ul><li>AIDS is a disease that attacks and weakens the human immune system by HIV. People with AIDS will eventually lose the ability to fight it. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why so bad in Africa? <ul><li>AIDS is a very serious problem in Africa because when the AIDS epidemic began the African government was slow to react. </li></ul><ul><li>Also because many people were uneducated and didn’t know about the risks of HIV/ AIDS. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sub-Saharan Africa <ul><li>Sub-Saharan Africa is affected more by HIV/ AIDS then the rest of Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>From 1982-1992 the population with AIDS in the sub-Saharan region grew from 0%-0.5% up to 8%-32%. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Sub-Saharan Africa <ul><li>67% of people living with the HIV/AIDS are in sub-Saharan Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>70% of new HIV infections are found in the sub-Saharan region </li></ul><ul><li>75% of all AIDS related deaths are in this region. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Orphans <ul><li>AIDS infects many children’s parents, and eventually kill them, forcing them to live on the streets. </li></ul><ul><li>AIDS orphaned more than 11 million children. </li></ul><ul><li>95% of the worlds AIDS orphans live in Africa. </li></ul>Orphaned children with their grandmother.
  9. 9. Prevalence Rates <ul><li>The HIV prevalence rates vary from place to place, and can be high in some places but low in others. </li></ul><ul><li>It is as low as 1% in Somalia and Senegal, but as high as 20+% in Botswana, Lesotho, and Swaziland. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Death Rates <ul><li>Since the AIDS epidemic began 17 million people died, and 3.3 million were children. </li></ul><ul><li>According to the UN, AIDS is the #1 cause of death in Africa, and the 4 th cause in the world </li></ul><ul><li>In 2007 alone there were 2.4 million deaths. </li></ul><ul><li>The life expectancy without AIDS is 62 years, but with AIDS only 47 years. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Living with HIV/AIDS <ul><li>8.8% of adults are infected </li></ul><ul><li>In Botswana, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, South Africa, Lesotho and Zambia, at least 1 adult in 5 is infected. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2007 there were 3.2 million new infections. </li></ul>A women tested HIV+.
  12. 12. Is there a Cure? <ul><li>There is no known cure for AIDS, but there is medication to slow down the rate that the immune system is worn down. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientists are researching possible vaccines and a successful vaccine is within years to come. </li></ul>A women with her ARV drugs.
  13. 13. Questions I Still Have <ul><li>Why haven’t we found a cure or a vaccine for this yet? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Websites <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>