The Naval Science Curriculum

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The Naval Science Curriculum

  1. 1. UNIT 1 CHAPTER 1 Introduction to the Navy Junior Reserve Officers Training Corps Program 1
  2. 2. The Naval Science Curriculum 2
  3. 3. THE NAVAL SCIENCE CURRICULUM Cadet Field Manual • Military Drill • Uniforms • Military Customs and Courtesies Year One Introduction to the NJROTC • History of JROTC Course • Citizenship • Laws–Authority–Responsibility Maritime History • War at Sea • US Navy • Strategy and Tactics Year Two Nautical Sciences • Maritime Geography • Oceanography–Meteorology–Astronomy Introduction to Leadership Naval Knowledge • Sea Power • National Security • Laws of the Sea Year Three Naval Skills • Shipboard Life • Rules of the Road • Navigation Leadership Theory • Ethics and Morals • Case Studies Year Four Leadership Laboratory • Positions of Authority 3 • Responsibility for Others
  4. 4. In addition to your studies into the Navy’s Core Values, your studies in Naval Science will cover eight major areas over the next four years. 4
  5. 5. The curriculum emphasizes two different areas each year and is customized by your school to meet your needs and the needs of your classmates. 5
  6. 6. Curriculum A course of study 6
  7. 7. The Naval Science curriculum covers _______ major areas over a four-year period. A. 8 B. 10 C. 12 D. 16 7
  8. 8. NJROTC provides a balance of time between: • Classroom study 8
  9. 9. • Military activities 9
  10. 10. • Physical fitness 10
  11. 11. • Orientation trips 11
  12. 12. TEAM ACTIVITIES Units sponsor teams in: • Military drill 12
  13. 13. • Marksmanship 13
  14. 14. • Color guard performance 14
  15. 15. • Physical skill competition 15
  16. 16. • Academics 16
  17. 17. True or False: During the first year of the Naval Science curriculum, all learning takes place in the classroom. False 17
  18. 18. The NJROTC curriculum is intended to provide a balance of academic, military, and _______ activities. A. competitive B. social C. physical fitness D. practical 18
  19. 19. THE CADET FIELD MANUAL 19
  20. 20. This manual will be your guide to the military knowledge taught in the NJROTC program. 20
  21. 21. The Field Manual covers: • How to wear a uniform 21
  22. 22. • Care of a uniform 22
  23. 23. • Proper placement of rates, ranks, and ribbons on a uniform 23
  24. 24. • Military personal appearance standards 24
  25. 25. • Military drills 25
  26. 26. • Military customs and courtesies, like saluting 26
  27. 27. 27
  28. 28. • Types of behavior expected while in/out of uniform 28
  29. 29. By mastering these standards, you will be able to take part in unit activities with pride and confidence. 29
  30. 30. In what book would cadets find information about military customs, uniform wear and care, and ranks and rates? A. Cadet Field Manual B. Cadet Corps Organization, Operations, and Support C. Naval Science I textbook D. Cadet Training Guide 30
  31. 31. True or False: NJROTC teams compete in military drill, marksmanship, and color guard performance but no longer in academics. False 31
  32. 32. Introduction to the NJROTC Program 32
  33. 33. This course will explain the background, purpose, goals, and objectives of the NJROTC program. 33
  34. 34. The NJROTC book covers: • Techniques for study 34
  35. 35. • Time management skills Good study habits save time! 35
  36. 36. • Citizenship in a democracy 36
  37. 37. • Different forms of government over the past century 37
  38. 38. 38 • The Declaration of Independence
  39. 39. • The U.S. Constitution 39 39
  40. 40. You will explore how these documents affect your life, the lives of your classmates, and people across the planet. 40
  41. 41. What is one of the founding documents of the United States? A. Emancipation Proclamation B. Magna Carta C. U.S. Constitution D. Monroe Doctrine 41
  42. 42. • Role of the armed forces in a democracy, and how these forces are organized 42
  43. 43. • Role of the Department of Defense 43
  44. 44. • Navy Ships 44
  45. 45. • Submarines 45
  46. 46. • Aircraft 46
  47. 47. • Weapon systems 47
  48. 48. • Basic principles and theories of leadership 48
  49. 49. • Role of followers 49
  50. 50. This will all help to prepare you for taking more responsibility in your unit. 50
  51. 51. Which of these is NOT covered in the NJROTC Introduction? A. Navy ships B. Navy aircraft C. Maritime history D. Leadership 51
  52. 52. John Paul Jones Maritime History 52
  53. 53. Maritime History • War at Sea • US Navy • Strategy and Tactics Nautical Sciences • Maritime Geography Year Two • Oceanography–Meteorology– Astronomy Introduction to Leadership Maritime history curriculum will cover the history of ships and navies with a special emphasis on the role of the U.S. Navy. 53
  54. 54. Maritime Relating to the sea 54
  55. 55. Maritime history curriculum will cover: • History of the use of the seas 55
  56. 56. Navies have been an important part of life for thousands of years as seafaring people have sought to trade with or conquer their neighbors and to explore the world. 56
  57. 57. • Sea power and the role of the U.S. Navy 57
  58. 58. • Strategy and tactics 58
  59. 59. In what area of the curriculum do NJROTC cadets learn about the thousands of years of seafaring events and the role of the U.S. Navy? A. Naval Skills B. Naval Knowledge C. Nautical Science D. Maritime History 59
  60. 60. Nautical Sciences 60
  61. 61. Maritime History • War at Sea • US Navy • Strategy and Tactics Year Two Nautical Sciences • Maritime Geography • Oceanography–Meteorology– Astronomy Introduction to Leadership To understand the Navy, learning about the sciences that go into the operation of ships and aircraft is helpful. Several different fields of study make up the nautical sciences. 61
  62. 62. Maritime geography curriculum covers: • Ocean and seas 62
  63. 63. Water covers three-fourths (75%) of the Earth’s surface and has been important for: 63
  64. 64. • Waterways 64
  65. 65. • Transportation 65
  66. 66. • Commerce and Trade 66
  67. 67. A study of the world’s oceans and seas is necessary since they cover _______ percent of the Earth’s surface. A. 45 B. 55 C. 65 D. 75 67
  68. 68. Oceanography curriculum covers: • The study of what happens in, on, and under the oceans of the world. 68
  69. 69. • This is important to the United States, which has 10,000 miles of coastline. 69
  70. 70. • The study of natural resources such as the oceans’ food and minerals 70
  71. 71. Meteorology curriculum covers: • The weather 71
  72. 72. • In naval warfare, weather has often helped decide key battles. 72
  73. 73. What term refers to the study of what happens in, on, and under the sea? A. Hydrology B. Oceanography C. Meteorology D. Topography 73
  74. 74. Astronomy curriculum covers: • The universe beyond the Earth 74
  75. 75. It will cover the: • Sun • Moon • Planets • Stars 75
  76. 76. Nautical Science curriculum covers: • Physics of flight • Basics of electricity • Principles of buoyancy • Transmission of sound • The electromagnetic wave 76
  77. 77. Buoyancy A tendency or ability to stay afloat in water 77
  78. 78. What term refers to the study of the sun, moon, planets, and stars? A. Astronomy B. Meteorology C. Topography D. Astrology 78
  79. 79. Naval Knowledge 79
  80. 80. Naval knowledge will include a basic understanding of "Sea Power" as presented by Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan (1840-1914), who believed sea power was the key to success in international politics. 80
  81. 81. Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan wanted: • A strong Navy • Overseas bases ….to protect trade and settle conflicts. 81
  82. 82. World famous as the foremost text on sea power and naval strategy 82
  83. 83. It describes the ability of a coastal nation to use the oceans for: • Trade • Commerce • Science • Industry • National Defense. 83
  84. 84. What was the central theme of naval historian Alfred Thayer Mahan? A. Battle strategies are the key to sea power. B. Sea power is the key to success in world politics. C. A strong Navy is central to sea power, but land forces play an integral role. D. Rise and fall of ancient empires was 84 determined by sea power.
  85. 85. The Naval Knowledge curriculum will cover: • The history of U.S. strategy in world affairs since 1783 85
  86. 86. • The three classic schools of strategy: Sea Power Air Power Land Power 86
  87. 87. • The national security planning process, along with current threats and strategic plans to counter these threats 87
  88. 88. • The Merchant Marine and the Coast Guard in maritime defense 88
  89. 89. • Naval Operations 89
  90. 90. • Communications 90
  91. 91. • Intelligence 91
  92. 92. • Logistics 92
  93. 93. • Research and development 93
  94. 94. • Basic concepts of military law as 94 compared with civilian law
  95. 95. • How the Uniform Code of Military Justice or UCMJ is rooted in the Constitution 95
  96. 96. International Law Court • Principles and sources of international law 96
  97. 97. • Why international law is important to those who go to sea 97
  98. 98. True or False: The NJROTC curriculum includes information about the role of the Merchant Marine and the Coast Guard in U.S. defense strategy. True 98
  99. 99. In what area of the curriculum do NJROTC cadets learn about the history of U.S. naval strategy, the national security planning process, and the government’s views on threats to national security? A. Naval Skills B. Naval Knowledge C. Nautical Science D. Maritime History 99
  100. 100. Naval Skills 100
  101. 101. Naval Skills will be about the ins and outs of life aboard ship. 101
  102. 102. Life aboard ship will cover: • Shipboard organization 102
  103. 103. • Role of commanding officer 103
  104. 104. • Role of executive officer and other members of the command structure 104
  105. 105. • Watch standing 105
  106. 106. • Meals 106
  107. 107. • Sleeping quarters 107
  108. 108. You will learn about shipboard life in which one of the following? A. Naval Skills B. Naval Knowledge C. Nautical Science D. Maritime History 108
  109. 109. Naval skills include skill sets unique to the naval environment, which fall under the definition of seamanship and include: 109
  110. 110. Seamanship Skill in sailing, navigating, or managing a boat or ship 110
  111. 111. • Handling lines 111
  112. 112. • Getting the ship underway 112
  113. 113. • Anchoring 113
  114. 114. • Handling small boats 114
  115. 115. • Ship driving involves knowing the sea “rules of the road.” 115
  116. 116. Nautical rules of the road cover: • International and Inland nautical rules of the road 116
  117. 117. • Light and whistle signal rules 117
  118. 118. • Rules for two ships meeting on the waterways 118
  119. 119. What term is used to refer to the skills involved in sailing, navigating, and managing a ship or boat? A. Seaworthiness B. Seamanship C. Sea power D. Seafaring 119
  120. 120. In the Naval Skills classes, cadets learn about International and _______ “rules of the road” with which all who drive ships must be familiar. A. Maritime B. Inland C. Continental D. Coastal 120
  121. 121. Military time skills cover: • Military time using the 24-hour clock 121
  122. 122. • Time Zones 122
  123. 123. All the Navy’s schedules, operational plans, and navigational aids run on Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). 123
  124. 124. Military navigation covers: • Navigation skills 124
  125. 125. • Maneuvering 125
  126. 126. Shipbuilding Will answer questions like: • What factors does the Navy think 126 about when building a ship?
  127. 127. • Types of propulsion systems 127
  128. 128. • Weapons systems 128
  129. 129. This will include the various: • Guns 129
  130. 130. • Missiles 130
  131. 131. • Bombs 131
  132. 132. • Rockets 132
  133. 133. • Aircraft 133
  134. 134. In Naval Skills classes, cadets learn about GMT, which stands for _______ Mean Time. A. Greenwich B. Greenland C. Geocentric D. Global 134
  135. 135. Leadership Theory 135
  136. 136. Leadership Theory will present basic principles of leadership with special emphasis on the ethics and morals involved in leadership. 136
  137. 137. Case studies involving leadership decisions about right and wrong will be used to aid cadets' understanding of the role of the leader. 137
  138. 138. Leadership Laboratory 138
  139. 139. Senior cadets are expected to plan, influence, and direct the efforts of unit members in accomplishing the NJROTC mission. 139
  140. 140. Cadets will have the opportunity to judge, evaluate, and practice leadership skills they develop during the NJROTC experience. 140
  141. 141. Q.17. Which of these men is NOT famous for being a war hero? A.17. A. James Stockdale B. Alfred Thayer Mahan C. John McCain D. Arleigh Burke 141
  142. 142. Q.18. Within the four-year NJROTC curriculum, how many major areas are covered? A.18. A. 8 B. 10 C. 12 D. 16 142
  143. 143. Q.19. In what book would cadets find information about military customs, uniform wear and care, and ranks, rates, and ribbons? A.19. A. Cadet Training Guide B. Introduction to the NJROTC C. Cadet Corps Organization, Operations, and Support D. Cadet Field Manual 143
  144. 144. Q.20. A background in _______ is valuable to Sailors because of their need for reliable weather information. A.20. A. meteorology B. oceanography C. astronomy D. topography 144
  145. 145. Q.21. Maritime studies involve topics _______. A.21. A. pertaining to military events B. affecting economy and trade C. comparing historical events of different eras D. relating to the sea 145
  146. 146. Q.22. What did Alfred Thayer Mahan believe was the key to a nation’s international political strength? A.22. A. Sea power B. Disciplined and ethical youth C. Elected leaders with a military background D. Solid financial base and trade agreements 146

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