Require skill Set
Robotic development in India
Some of best Robotic Product
My first Step..
Scope of this presentation is to explore
market trade and business opportunity in the
robotic field. At the end I am explaining my
robotic arm project details.
What is robotics?
Robots are human interacting machines or
systems used for social as well as commercial
What are the technologies used in the
Robotics requires multidisciplinary
engineering skills like software, embedded
system, mechanical, electronics, bio-
science, electrical, instrumentation etc.
Additional Skills Require
It requires ability to survey research in robotics
field and applies concepts to consumer
Study on Latest robotic trades and type of
Visualization and creative design.
Require skill Set
Mathematics- dynamics, kinematics, inverse kinematics and vector
algebra ,Trigonometry ,linear algebra etc.
High level Software system – C, C++, OOP and VB or any GUI
Actuators and sensors- DC, Steeper, Servo, electro-hydro, Pulley
drive, sensor encoding, feed back system.
Electrical- Battery power consumption and management, Motor
Electronics and Embedded system- Microcontroller, protocol
support (TCP/IP, Rs232 etc) embedded “C”, Image processing and
Mechanical- 3D model designing, molding and fabrication.
Advance Software technique: Artificial Intelligent and signal
World Market scope
Please go through following web link Three Questions “Dan Kara” he is the
CEO of, Robotics Trends http://www.blip.tv/file/980941
Entertainment robotic market
Home care, lawn care
Entertainment robotics (Used in multimedia as
Elder Assistance/ Healthcare
All along the robotics value chain
Parts and enabling technology
OEM, reseller, retailer, distributor
Design, development (HW and SW)
Robotic development in India
Here I have given the references of some
organizations that are getting advantage of
robotic market, we can get some idea by
analyzing their vision.
Robosoft Systems, (www.robosoftsystems.co.in)
Hi-Tech Robotic Systemz Ltd, (www.hitechroboticsystemz.com
TRI Techno solutions Pvt. Ltd, (www.thinklabs.in/)
ADA Software Group, (www.robots-alive.com/)
Some of best Robotic Products for Home
and Education robot categories (Cont.)
Irobot’s vacuum cleaner name “Roomba” 1.2M+ sold, targeting consumer
market.For more information please visit
“RoboSapien” This is designed by Mark Tilden 1.5M+ sold,
targeting toy market, For more information please visit
Autonomous, programmable and medium-sized humanoid robot
developed by the French company Aldebaran Robotics for more
information visit www.aldebaran-robotics.com
OWI 007 Robotic Arm Trainer rank in the “10 best educational
product” for more information please visit,
Animatronics is the use of electronics and robotics in
mechanised puppets to make them appear to be alive used
in multimedia and Featurefilms.
Articulate arm robot
Sometime called Anthropomorphic arms closely
resembles the human arm
Technical terms (Cont.)
Number of axes – two axes are required to reach any point in a plane; three
axes are required to reach any point in space. To fully control the orientation of
the end of the arm (i.e. the wrist) three more axes (yaw, pitch, and roll) are
Degrees of freedom(DOF)- which is usually the same as the number of axes.
Working envelope – the region of space a robot can reach.
Repeatability - how well the robot will return to a programmed position. This is
not the same as accuracy. It may be that when told to go to a certain X-Y-Z
position that it gets only to within 1 mm of that position. This would be its
accuracy which may be improved by calibration. But if that position is taught into
controller memory and each time it is sent there it returns to within 0.1 mm of the
taught position then the repeatability will be within 0.1 mm.
Motion control – for some applications, such as simple pick-
and-place assembly, the robot need merely return repeatably
to a limited number of pre-taught positions. For more
sophisticated applications, such as welding and finishing (spray
painting), motion must be continuously controlled to follow a
path in space, with controlled orientation and velocity.
Power source – some robots use electric motors, others use
hydraulic actuators. The former are faster, the latter are
stronger and advantageous in applications such as spray
painting, where a spark could set off an explosion; however,
low internal air-pressurisation of the arm can prevent ingress of
flammable vapours as well as other contaminants.
Drive – some robots connect electric motors to the joints via
gears; others connect the motor to the joint directly (direct
drive). Using gears results in measurable 'backlash' which is
free movement in an axis. Smaller robot arms frequently
employ high speed, low torque DC motors, which generally
require high gearing ratios; this has the disadvantage of
backlash. In such cases the harmonic drive is often used.
My first Step..
Description: PC-Controlled 5-DOF Robotic Arm.
User can easily operate this robot. Operator can able to control
its direction, pause the movement, record in step mode and
can control different axis simultaneously.
Diver circuit gets control signals from PC’s parallel communication
port. This circuit consists of Logical Gates, Current Driver circuit. This robot
has two-finger tips which can pick and place small objects.
It has a special slippery contact (Electrical) that gives complete 360 degree
of freedom at base and wrist of the robotic arm. Special attention had been
given during manufacturing of this ARM mechanism modular so that it is
possible to detach different modules like gripper, elbow, shoulder which
helps in further enhancement.
First Paper Design
Elbow with 270 DOF and wrist can rotate
in 360 DOF
Base and Shoulder
Sketch: base with 360
degree of freedom with
specially designed slippery
contact and internal wiring.
My Own Creation
We can dismantle this arm in 50 different individual
In the following picture you are seeing wrist, elbow,
shoulder, all these parts can be reassembled within 3
Pick and Place Demo
•Robot Arm carrying Pen in its wrist
Hardware and Driver circuit .
• PC controlled card with internal DC motor driver circuit:
Pick and place
Packaging and Palletizing
Product inspection, and testing
With more sophisticated technology we can target
education, home as well as toy market of robotics.
In the requirement analyze (RA) phase we have to list
out a “software & hardware skill set” that needs to be
addressed or enhanced during the education process.
My dream is to design and develop an Arm or kind of
robot which encapsulates these features to enhance
student learning performance.
I like designing and developing robot from my child
hood. My own robotics career started from my home
made robotic arm and my dream is to make more
aesthetic, sophisticated robotic arms and a new kind of
service home robots.
To achieve this goal I am constantly in search of
opportunity. If a team of dedicated people with the
common vision and multi disciplinary skills is available
then we can definitely achieve this goal.
Thank you for your kind attention