Robot tradeind


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Robot tradeind

  1. 1. Robot Trade Prepared by: Vikram S. Deshmukh Date:14th Sept 2009 Place: Udaipur ______________________________________ 1 _____________
  2. 2. Index Scope Definition Require skill Set World Market Opportunities Robotic development in India Some of best Robotic Product My first Step.. Further improvement My Vision ______________________________________ 2 _____________
  3. 3. Scope Scope of this presentation is to explore market trade and business opportunity in the robotic field. At the end I am explaining my robotic arm project details. ______________________________________ 3 _____________
  4. 4. What is robotics? Robots are human interacting machines or systems used for social as well as commercial services. ______________________________________ 4 _____________
  5. 5. What are the technologies used in the robotics? Robotics requires multidisciplinary engineering skills like software, embedded system, mechanical, electronics, bio- science, electrical, instrumentation etc. ______________________________________ 5 _____________
  6. 6. Additional Skills Require It requires ability to survey research in robotics field and applies concepts to consumer products. Study on Latest robotic trades and type of robots. Visualization and creative design. ______________________________________ 6 _____________
  7. 7. Require skill Set Mathematics- dynamics, kinematics, inverse kinematics and vector algebra ,Trigonometry ,linear algebra etc. High level Software system – C, C++, OOP and VB or any GUI platform. Actuators and sensors- DC, Steeper, Servo, electro-hydro, Pulley drive, sensor encoding, feed back system. Electrical- Battery power consumption and management, Motor driver card. Electronics and Embedded system- Microcontroller, protocol support (TCP/IP, Rs232 etc) embedded “C”, Image processing and signal processing. Mechanical- 3D model designing, molding and fabrication. Advance Software technique: Artificial Intelligent and signal processing. ______________________________________ 7 _____________
  8. 8. World Market scope Please go through following web link Three Questions “Dan Kara” he is the CEO of, Robotics Trends ______________________________________ 8 _____________
  9. 9. Entertainment robotic market Home care, lawn care Toys Entertainment robotics (Used in multimedia as Animatronics) Educational robotics Elder Assistance/ Healthcare ______________________________________ 9 _____________
  10. 10. Opportunities All along the robotics value chain Parts and enabling technology OEM, reseller, retailer, distributor Design, development (HW and SW) Manufacturing Aftermarket ______________________________________ 10 _____________
  11. 11. Robotic development in India Here I have given the references of some organizations that are getting advantage of robotic market, we can get some idea by analyzing their vision. Robosoft Systems, ( Hi-Tech Robotic Systemz Ltd, ( TRI Techno solutions Pvt. Ltd, ( ADA Software Group, ( ______________________________________ 11 _____________
  12. 12. Some of best Robotic Products for Home and Education robot categories (Cont.) Irobot’s vacuum cleaner name “Roomba” 1.2M+ sold, targeting consumer market.For more information please visit ______________________________________ 12 _____________
  13. 13. “RoboSapien” This is designed by Mark Tilden 1.5M+ sold, targeting toy market, For more information please visit obosapien Autonomous, programmable and medium-sized humanoid robot developed by the French company Aldebaran Robotics for more information visit ______________________________________ 13 _____________
  14. 14. OWI 007 Robotic Arm Trainer rank in the “10 best educational product” for more information please visit, ______________________________________ 14 _____________
  15. 15. Animatronics is the use of electronics and robotics in mechanised puppets to make them appear to be alive used in multimedia and Featurefilms. ______________________________________ 15 _____________
  16. 16. Articulate arm robot Sometime called Anthropomorphic arms closely resembles the human arm ______________________________________ 16 _____________
  17. 17. Technical terms (Cont.) Number of axes – two axes are required to reach any point in a plane; three axes are required to reach any point in space. To fully control the orientation of the end of the arm (i.e. the wrist) three more axes (yaw, pitch, and roll) are required. Degrees of freedom(DOF)- which is usually the same as the number of axes. Working envelope – the region of space a robot can reach. Repeatability - how well the robot will return to a programmed position. This is not the same as accuracy. It may be that when told to go to a certain X-Y-Z position that it gets only to within 1 mm of that position. This would be its accuracy which may be improved by calibration. But if that position is taught into controller memory and each time it is sent there it returns to within 0.1 mm of the taught position then the repeatability will be within 0.1 mm. ______________________________________ 17 _____________
  18. 18. Motion control – for some applications, such as simple pick- and-place assembly, the robot need merely return repeatably to a limited number of pre-taught positions. For more sophisticated applications, such as welding and finishing (spray painting), motion must be continuously controlled to follow a path in space, with controlled orientation and velocity. Power source – some robots use electric motors, others use hydraulic actuators. The former are faster, the latter are stronger and advantageous in applications such as spray painting, where a spark could set off an explosion; however, low internal air-pressurisation of the arm can prevent ingress of flammable vapours as well as other contaminants. Drive – some robots connect electric motors to the joints via gears; others connect the motor to the joint directly (direct drive). Using gears results in measurable 'backlash' which is free movement in an axis. Smaller robot arms frequently employ high speed, low torque DC motors, which generally require high gearing ratios; this has the disadvantage of backlash. In such cases the harmonic drive is often used. ______________________________________ 18 _____________
  19. 19. My first Step.. Description: PC-Controlled 5-DOF Robotic Arm. User can easily operate this robot. Operator can able to control its direction, pause the movement, record in step mode and can control different axis simultaneously. Diver circuit gets control signals from PC’s parallel communication port. This circuit consists of Logical Gates, Current Driver circuit. This robot has two-finger tips which can pick and place small objects. It has a special slippery contact (Electrical) that gives complete 360 degree of freedom at base and wrist of the robotic arm. Special attention had been given during manufacturing of this ARM mechanism modular so that it is possible to detach different modules like gripper, elbow, shoulder which helps in further enhancement. ______________________________________ 19 _____________
  20. 20. First Paper Design Elbow Sketch: Elbow with 270 DOF and wrist can rotate in 360 DOF Base and Shoulder Sketch: base with 360 degree of freedom with specially designed slippery contact and internal wiring. ______________________________________ 20 _____________
  21. 21. My Own Creation ______________________________________ 21 _____________
  22. 22. Modular Design We can dismantle this arm in 50 different individual parts. In the following picture you are seeing wrist, elbow, shoulder, all these parts can be reassembled within 3 minute. ______________________________________ 22 _____________
  23. 23. Pick and Place Demo •Robot Arm carrying Pen in its wrist ______________________________________ 23 _____________
  24. 24. Hardware and Driver circuit . • PC controlled card with internal DC motor driver circuit: ______________________________________ 24 _____________
  25. 25. Typical applications Welding Painting Assembly Pick and place Packaging and Palletizing Product inspection, and testing ______________________________________ 25 _____________
  26. 26. Further improvements With more sophisticated technology we can target education, home as well as toy market of robotics. In the requirement analyze (RA) phase we have to list out a “software & hardware skill set” that needs to be addressed or enhanced during the education process. My dream is to design and develop an Arm or kind of robot which encapsulates these features to enhance student learning performance. ______________________________________ 26 _____________
  27. 27. My Vision I like designing and developing robot from my child hood. My own robotics career started from my home made robotic arm and my dream is to make more aesthetic, sophisticated robotic arms and a new kind of service home robots. To achieve this goal I am constantly in search of opportunity. If a team of dedicated people with the common vision and multi disciplinary skills is available then we can definitely achieve this goal. ______________________________________ 27 _____________
  28. 28. Thank you for your kind attention ______________________________________ 28 _____________