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EDA Lecture 1


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Introduction to foundations of education.

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EDA Lecture 1

  1. 1. ABU DHABI UNIVERSITY College of Education Foundations of Education
  2. 2. Course Outline <ul><li>Course Number: EDA 100 </li></ul><ul><li>Credit Hours: 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Course Pre- requisites: Not Required </li></ul><ul><li>Course Status: Compulsory for majors/ Elective for none majors </li></ul><ul><li>Instructor’s Name: Dr. Joyce Pittman, Ph.D. </li></ul><ul><li>E-mail: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Tel No: </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>This course aims at understanding the </li></ul><ul><li>historical </li></ul><ul><li>philosophical </li></ul><ul><li>social and </li></ul><ul><li>psychological foundations of education </li></ul>
  4. 4. Purpose <ul><li>Develop students’ awareness of the nature of teaching and the learning process and </li></ul><ul><li>Acquaint students with the unique features of the UAE society. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Topics include: <ul><li>educational concepts such as </li></ul><ul><li>schooling, </li></ul><ul><li>learning and </li></ul><ul><li>experience </li></ul><ul><li>… in the light of some educational, cultural, social, historical changes in the UAE educational system </li></ul>
  6. 6. Study will also include <ul><li>Exploring formal and non-formal institutions and their role in education in the UAE </li></ul><ul><li>Discussions and readings will include school leadership and management </li></ul>
  7. 7. Learning Objectives <ul><li>Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a personal philosophy of education statement focusing on what it means to learn, what it means to teach and what forms of knowledge are worth learning. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examine issues of education and diversity within historical and contemporary contexts. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. and <ul><li>Analyze contemporary issues involved in school politics including: finance, school board and district relations, teacher unionism, the nature of professionalism, privatization and choice alternatives. </li></ul><ul><li>Broaden their awareness of many complex issues found at the core of educational issues. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Finally, <ul><li>Develop the potential for reflective, critical thinking, and improve ability to effectively communicate their thinking via written and spoken word </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze contemporary issues in school administration and management </li></ul>
  10. 10. Basic Vocabulary <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Principles </li></ul><ul><li>Philosopher </li></ul><ul><li>Now, Part 1 of 3 short sessions during the next 3 hours. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Lecture 1 Education: Definition, Meaning and Functions <ul><li>Education is defined in many different ways by different philosophers and thinkers </li></ul><ul><li>The question is why and how these definitions manifest or “come to exist? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Reasons for Different Interpretations and Definitions of Education <ul><li>There are many reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>However, Aggarwal’s research suggests that most beliefs or philosophies come from one’s own outlook on life and past experiences . </li></ul>
  13. 13. 1. Complex nature of human personality <ul><li>. </li></ul>
  14. 14. 2. Complexity of human environment <ul><li>Life is no longer simple. </li></ul><ul><li>The World is Flat ! (Friedman, 2005) </li></ul>
  15. 15. 3. Different philosophies of life <ul><li>Philosophers have defined education based on personal philosophy of life! </li></ul>
  16. 16. 4. Different educational theories and practices <ul><li>Different schools of psychology </li></ul><ul><li>Different opinions </li></ul>
  17. 17. Education - How They View It Kilpatrick Zakir, Husain Webster, Daniel Vivekananda Brihadaranayak Upanishda Tagore Spencer Socrates Ruskin Rousseau Rigveda Redden Raymont Radhakrishnan Plato Pestalozzi Parker, Francis W. Nunn Nehru and Munshi, K.M. Munshi, K.M. Montaigne Milton Locke Krishnamurti James, William M.L. Jacks Huxley Horne Herbart Harris t. William Gandhi Froebel Erasmus Emerson Dewey Dayanand Confucius Cormenius Aurobindo Aristotle
  18. 18. The meaning of the term ‘best in man’ Body Mind Spirit
  19. 19. How can we draw out the best in students?
  20. 20. As educators we must <ul><li>Touch their hearts </li></ul><ul><li>Share their joys and sorrows </li></ul><ul><li>Help them to face problems and solve them (Ghandhiji) </li></ul>
  21. 21. True education must draw out and stimulate <ul><li>Spiritual </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual and </li></ul><ul><li>Physical faculties of the learners (the children and adults) </li></ul>
  22. 22. and <ul><li>According to Ghandiji, any educational system that places emphasis on only of these four basic aspects of human personality is against the basic principle of education. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Break Time <ul><li>Please return to class promptly in 15 minutes. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Welcome back! <ul><li>Part 2 </li></ul>
  25. 25. Education: Continuous Reorganization and Integration of Activities and Experiences
  26. 26. When does education take place? <ul><li>When new ideas combine with the old. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Education: A Process of Realization <ul><li>“ It curbs the animal instincts in man and shows him the way to realize his latent powers”. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Belief aspects and contributors <ul><li>Ghandi - drawing out the best </li></ul><ul><li>Ross - modification of natural development </li></ul><ul><li>Nunn - complete development of individuality </li></ul><ul><li>Tagore - enabling the mind to discover the ultimate truth about our emancipation… </li></ul><ul><li>Each philosopher though different, express similar beliefs about how self-realization emerges through education. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Three Experiential Activity Stages Child sees the flame Child grasps the meaning of the flame Child begins to perceive new bearings and new connections
  30. 30. Break Time
  31. 31. Education: A Lifelong Process <ul><li>Education is a continuous and lifelong process - ever changing. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the process of development from infancy to maturity </li></ul><ul><li>From the time we are born and thereafter - learning continues. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Education - Lifelong Process
  33. 33. Part 3 Wider Meaning of Education
  34. 34. … all life thoughtfully lived is education (Kilpatrick) <ul><li>Explain details of this statement </li></ul><ul><li>Give an example </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise to re-enforce learning </li></ul>
  35. 35. Narrow Meaning of Education <ul><li>Explain details of this statement </li></ul><ul><li>Give an example </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise to re-enforce learning </li></ul>
  36. 36. Formal, Informal, and Non-Formal Education <ul><li>Explain details of this statement </li></ul><ul><li>Give an example of each type of education </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise to re-enforce learning </li></ul><ul><li>You may want to refer to the Comparative Study Table to support of your example </li></ul>
  37. 37. Economic and Non-Economic Ends of Education <ul><li>Educational theory and practice far apart </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul>
  38. 38. Moving on . . . <ul><li>Why are the Principles of International Cultural Cooperation important? </li></ul><ul><li>Compare/contrast the PICC principles the main features of `lifelong learning’ and emerging virtual learning environments (Internet and computers). </li></ul>
  39. 39. Education and Socio-Economic and Political Changes <ul><li>Factors that have influenced and shaped educational objectives are </li></ul><ul><li>Geographical </li></ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><li>Religious </li></ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><li>Linguistic </li></ul>
  40. 40. Summary
  41. 41. Evaluation <ul><li>State what has been learned in one short paragraph and </li></ul><ul><li>Define ways to apply learning </li></ul><ul><li>You may request feedback from lecture questions, learning activities, and readings. </li></ul>
  42. 42. Where to Get More Information <ul><li>Other class sessions </li></ul><ul><li>Books, reserved library articles, electronic sources (E.g. google, webcrawler, scholargoogle, alta vista and other search engines) </li></ul><ul><li>Online discussions using blogs, text messaging, or even email to talk to other classmates about the assignments and readings. </li></ul>