Art 271 Regionalism Social Realists

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Art 271 Regionalism Social Realists

  1. 1. Art 271<br />Ch. 16 American Art Before WWII<br />
  2. 2. Surrealism<br />Dali, Persistence of Memory<br />
  3. 3. Background for Ch. 16<br />Painting in 1920’s & 30’s affected by Depression & Fascism in Europe<br />Spirit of Isolationism in U.S. reflected in art of this time<br />Art in the United States became socially conscious, nationalist, and regionalist<br />291 Gallery and 1913 Armory Show introduced Modernism to America<br />
  4. 4. Alfred Stieglitz, The Flatiron Building, Photogravure, 1903<br />
  5. 5. Alfred Stieglitz & Georgia O’Keeffe<br />
  6. 6. Georgia O’Keeffe (1887-1986)<br />Red Canna, 1924<br />
  7. 7. 16.19, Georgia O’Keeffe, Music – Pink and Blue, II, 1919, o/c, 35 x 29, Whitney Museum, NY<br />
  8. 8. 16.21, Georgia O’Keeffe, Cow’s Scull with Calico Roses, 1931, o/c, 35 x 24in, Art Institute of Chicago<br />
  9. 9. The American Scene<br />1930’s: American artists influenced by European Modernism yet felt it important to find inspiration in the United States.<br />Artists depicted contemporary American life in a realistic/naturalistic way<br />American Regionalists: Thomas Hart Benton, Grant Wood<br />Regionalists dismissed European Modernism as “High Brow” and favored illustrational styles.<br />
  10. 10. Thomas Hart Benton, Boomtown, 1928, o/c, 46 x 54in, Memorial Art Gallery<br />
  11. 11. Thomas Hart Benton c. to El Greco, 17th Century <br />
  12. 12. 16.36, Grant Wood, American Gothic, 1930, oil on beaverboard, 29x24 in, Art Institute of Chicago<br />
  13. 13. Mexican Mural Movement: 1920’s -1950’s<br />Mexican Artists like Diego Rivera celebrated Mexican nationalism with murals in schools, civic buildings, churches, museums<br />Rivera developed a modern neoclassical style consisting of simple, monumental forms and bold areas of color<br />
  14. 14. 16.53, Diego Rivera, Flower Day, 1925, o/c, 58 x 47 ½ in, LACMA<br />
  15. 15. 16.54, Diego Rivera, Detroit Industry, 1932-33, Fresco, north wall, Detroit Institute of Arts<br />
  16. 16. 16.54, Diego Rivera, Detroit Industry, 1932-33, Fresco, north wall, Detail, Detroit Institute of Arts<br />
  17. 17. Diego Rivera & Frida Kahlo<br />
  18. 18. Frida Kahlo (1907-54)<br />
  19. 19. 16.57, Frida Kahlo, Self-Portrait on the Border between Mexico and the United States, 1932, oil on sheet metal, 12 ¼ x 13 ¾ in<br />
  20. 20. Mexican Retablo<br />
  21. 21. 16.58, Frida Kahlo, Self-Portrait with Thorn Necklace, 1940, o/c, 24 x 18 in<br />
  22. 22. FridaKahlo, The Two Fridas, 1939<br />

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