Geo Presentation Ver 5.1


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Libr 210 presentation for Tash. Summer 2009

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  • Ask class why we use geographical sources before giving the answers.Current events – world’s crises and disastersRecreational – travelBusiness – domestic and international meetings/conferencesHistorical geography – changes of geography and political mapping
  • Geo Presentation Ver 5.1

    1. 1. Geographical Resources<br />LIBR 210 -- Tash<br />San Jose State University<br />Josh Tiffany<br />Quang Thong<br />
    2. 2. Why use geographical sources?<br />Reasons<br />Current events<br />Recreational<br />Business<br />Historical geography<br />Purpose<br />Assist in locating places<br /> Inform something about the location<br />Show how to get to destination<br />2<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    3. 3. Types<br />Gazetteers and Dictionaries<br />Maps and Mapping<br />Atlases<br />Travel guides<br />World Factbook<br />3<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    4. 4. Judging a geography reference guide<br />Scale and projection<br />Color and symbols<br />Publisher / authority<br />Indexing / place names<br />Currency<br />3 Types of Projections<br />4<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    5. 5. Judging map resources<br />Scale<br />The ratio of distance on the map to the actual distance on the face of the Earth.<br />Generally represented by a fraction (1:1,000,000) <br />Projection<br />When a spherical globe is projected on a flat plane, distortions occur<br />5<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    6. 6. Judging map resources<br />Color and symbols<br />6<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    7. 7. Judging map resources<br />Publisher / authority<br />Use map from reputable sources<br />U.S. Geological Survey<br />Ordnance Survey (Great Britain)<br />Natural Resources Canada<br />Rand McNally<br />C.S. Hammond<br />National Geographic Society<br />7<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    8. 8. Judging map resources<br />Indexing / place names<br />8<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    9. 9. Judging map resources<br />Currency<br />9<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    10. 10. Representations:<br />Physical world gives the physical features of the world such as mountains and bodies of water. <br />Political world illustrates the boundaries of the countries and territories.<br />Satellite world are images taken from outer space.<br />10<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    11. 11. Gazetteers & Dictionaries<br />Gazetteer is a geographical dictionary or directory<br />Provides reference about place and place names<br />Typically contains information on:<br />Geographical makeup<br />Social statistics<br />Physical features<br />11<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    12. 12. Columbia Gazetteer of north America<br /><ul><li>50,000 entries on places in North America
    13. 13. Derivative of Columbia Gazetteer of the World
    14. 14. Last published in 2000</li></ul>12<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    15. 15. Columbia Gazetteer of north America<br />• descriptions of physical geography • political boundaries• historical, political, cultural, and economic descriptions • natural, agricultural, and other resources • principal trade, business, and industrial activities• highways, railroads, canals, and pipelines• points of interest • population from the most recent national censuses • latitude, longitude, and elevation • official place-names • changed or variant names and spellings • pronunciations <br />13<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    16. 16. Merriam-Webster’s Geographical Dictionary<br /><ul><li>48,000 alphabetically arranged entries</li></ul>14<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    17. 17. Merriam-Webster’s Geographical Dictionary<br />Maps of areas<br />15<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    18. 18. Merriam-Webster’s Geographical Dictionary<br />Entries contain<br />Name<br />Pronunciation<br />Nickname<br />Rivers<br />Lakes<br />Highest Point<br />Chief products<br />Chief cities<br />Political divisions<br />Brief history<br />16<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    19. 19. Merriam-Webster’s Geographical Dictionary<br />Iraq<br />also Irak or Arab. ʿIrāq i-ˈräk, -ˈrak<br />Republic, SW Asia, bounded on N by Turkey, on E by Iran, on SE by Kuwait and Persian Gulf, on S by Saudi Arabia, and on W by Jordan and Syria; 168,927 sq. mi. (437,521 sq. km.); pop. (1992e) 18,838,000; ✽ Baghdad.<br />Physical features:Comprises for most part level country drained by Euphrates and Tigris rivers which unite ab. 120 mi. (193 km.) from Persian Gulf NNW of Basra to form the Shatt al Arab, and by tributaries of the Tigris from the E; includes most of Mesopotamia (q.v.); river region fertile with many lakes; wide desert region in W (part of Syrian Desert) and SW; mountainous in Kurdistan region of NE.<br />Chief products:Wheat, barley, rice, dates, cotton; sheep, cattle; oil, natural gas; manufacturing: textiles, construction materials.<br />Chief cities:Baghdad, Mosul, Basra, Arbīl.<br />History:For history prior to 1921, see mesopotamiababyloniaassyria. Kingdom estab. 1921 after WWI out of former Turkish territory; under British mandate 1920 until Oct. 1932 when it became independent under King Faisal I; semi-independent state in alliance with Great Britain 1922; a limited monarchy according to organic law 1924; awarded Mosul (q.v.) by League of Nations 1925; independence and sovereignty recognized in treaties with Great Britain 1927 and 1930, the full result of which was admission to League 1932; in treaty with Saudi Arabia (q.v.) 1936; occupied by British 1941 to prevent Nazi control; joined UN 1945; republic estab. following army coup July 1958 during which King Faisal II and Crown Prince ʿAbd al-Ilāh were assassinated; advanced claims to Kuwait (rejected by Great Britain) 1961; participated in Arab-Israeli War 1967; coup 1968 brought revolutionary Ba&apos;th party to power; announced termination of (sporadic) hostilities bet. central government and autonomy-seeking Kurds 1970, but fighting resumed 1974; Ba&apos;thist Saddam Hussein became president 1979; invaded Iran Sept. 1980, provoking eight-year Iran–Iraq war; occupied and forcibly annexed Kuwait Aug. 1990; its subsequent failure to withdraw before UN deadline of Jan. 15, 1991 precipitated six-week offensive to liberate Kuwait, launched by alliance of international forces; after suffering heavy losses, accepted UN cease-fire terms Feb. 28, 1991; the U.S with the support of the U.K. launched an invasion against Iraq March 2003 to depose the repressive regime of Saddam Hussein which was suspected of possessing weapons of mass destruction and harboring international terrorists.<br />17<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    20. 20. Gazetteers & Dictionaries<br />“to provide the reader with the most detailed and comprehensive descriptions available for the physical geography of countries.”<br />18<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    21. 21. Gazetteers & Dictionaries<br />Geo-Data gives information on:<br />Raw data (area, location, coordinates, population etc.)<br />Overview<br />Map<br />Topography (mountains, hills, plateaus, inland and coastal waters)<br />Climate and vegetation<br />Human population<br />Natural Resources<br />19<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    22. 22. Gazetteers <br />Columbia Gazetteer of North America<br />Miriam Webster’s Geographical Dictionary<br />Geo-Data<br />$284<br />Overview of Global geographical names<br />Good resource for country-to-country<br />Last updated 2004<br />$250.00<br />Comprehensive resources for North America<br />Last updated 2000<br />$34.95<br />Overview of Global geographical names<br />Last updated 2007<br />20<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    23. 23. U.S. Board on Geographic names <br />United States Board on Geographic Names<br /><br />21<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    24. 24. U.S. Board on Geographic names <br />Created in 1890 and established in present form in 1947<br />Sought to bring standardization to the names of the expanding territories after the Civil War<br />It is “the central authority to which name problems, name inquiries, name changes, and new name proposals can be directed”<br />22<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    25. 25. Geonames<br />General search will provide<br />Name and unverified variant names<br />County<br />Region<br />Location<br />Feature type<br />23<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    26. 26. USGS Database <br />Allows searching for feature name, state, county, type, and elevation<br />24<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    27. 27. USGS Database<br />Returns results for feature name, feature id, class, county, latitude, longitude, state, map, elevation, and entry day<br />25<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    28. 28. Additional gazetteers<br />National Geospatial – Intelligence Agency (<br />The database is the official repository of foreign place-name decisions.<br />26<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    29. 29. Additional gazetteers<br />27<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    30. 30. Atlases<br />Current<br />Up-to-date information on geographical and political changes in the world<br />Historical<br />Study of changes in boundary, military campaigns, and early exploration<br />Thematic<br />Relates to a specific subject or region<br />28<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    31. 31. Current Atlases<br />Contents:<br />User Guide<br />Maps<br />Political World<br />Physical World<br />Satellite World<br />Universe/Solar Systems<br />World Statistics<br />World Geography<br />Geographical Glossary<br />Index<br />29<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    32. 32. Best sources of Current Atlases<br />Contents<br />Plate<br />Earth<br />World Beyond<br />World Maps<br />Maps are arrange by continents.<br />Physical, flags, and facts<br />Geographic Comparisons<br />Temperature and Rainfall<br />World Cities, Foreign Terms<br />Abbreviations<br />Index<br /><ul><li>First published in 1963 – present by the National Geographic Society
    33. 33. Latest, 8th Edition released in 2005, includes GPS images
    34. 34. More than 400 pages of full-color maps and charts
    35. 35. 60 up-to-date political maps, 17 new thematic maps, and 10 new panoramic satellite views of the world and every continent</li></ul>30<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    36. 36. Best Sources of Current Atlases (Cont.) <br />Contents:<br />User Guide<br />World Statistics<br />Images of Earth<br />Gazetteer of Nations, A-Z<br />World Geography<br />World Cities<br />World Maps<br />Geographical Glossary<br />Index to World Maps<br />Current 15th Edition is priced at $80 USD, published 2008<br />Publisher: Oxford University Press in 1992 - present.<br />Maps of 69 cities and nearly 100 different regions.<br />Inclusion of new information such as Warming Island, discovered after the Greenland ice sheet. <br />31<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    37. 37. Comparison of Latest Editions:<br />Mini Gazetteer<br />Updated census information<br />Maps of 69 cities and nearly 100 different regions<br />Latest geographic information<br />48-page introduction to World Geography<br />Refreshed satellite image section <br />Price: $80.00<br />60 up-to-date political maps<br />17 new thematic maps<br />10 new panoramic satellite views of the world and every continent<br />A comprehensive, cross-referenced index of 140,000 place names<br />Unique Ehlermann binding<br />Price: $165 (Non-member); $150 (Member)<br />Oxford Atlas of the World<br />National Geographic Atlas of the World<br />32<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    38. 38. Historical Atlases<br />Types of Historical Atlases:<br />Complete – early civilizations to present day<br />Specialized – relating to a particular subject<br />Ex. Civil War newspaper maps : a historical atlasby David Bosse, 1993. <br /> Map of the Mediterranean from the Ottoman &quot;World Atlas&quot;Title: Map of the MediterraneanDate: 1803-4, ÜsküdarAuthor: Translation of William Faden&apos;s (1750-1836) &quot;General Atlas&quot; published in London in 1797<br />33<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    39. 39. Historical Atlases:<br />Hammond Historical World Atlas<br />Revised in 2000, currently 5th Ed.<br />Publisher: Hammond World Atlas Corporation<br />most significant periods and major events in civilization&apos;s history<br />118 full-color maps (arranged chronologically)<br />8-page time chart with a graphic history of mankind<br />16 additional pages with an emphasis on Asian and African history<br />Priced at $59.95<br />34<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    40. 40. Historical Atlases (Cont.)<br />The Times Atlas of World History<br />First published in 1978 in London<br />4th Edition published in 1993 by Hammond World Atlas Corporation<br />Reviewed by a team of leading historians<br />600 maps and 300,000 words of text<br />128 double-page spreads on major themes in world history<br />Recent historiography and archaeology<br />Updated chronology<br />120 color illustrations<br />35<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    41. 41. Which is better?<br />Revised in 2000, current 5th Ed.<br />118 full-color maps (arranged chronologically)<br />8-page time chart with a graphic history of mankind<br />Priced at $59.95<br />First published in 1978 in London<br />4th Edition published in 1993<br />Reviewed by a team of leading historians<br />128 double-page spreads on major themes in world history<br />Priced at $125<br />Hammond Historical World Atlas<br />Times Atlas of World History<br />36<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    42. 42. Historical Specialized Atlas<br />Publisher: Routledge, released in 2003<br />Over 311 color maps and illustrations<br />Covers:<br />Colonial uprisings to September 11, 2001 attacks<br />Two special map sections:<br />Presidential elections<br />Territorial growth of United States<br />37<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    43. 43. Historical Specialized Atlas (Cont.)<br />Atlas of United States History<br />Revised edition, published by Hammond World Atlas Corporation in 2007<br />Covers earliest inhabitants to more recent presidential elections<br />Latest information on:<br />Growth of the U.S. economy<br />The United Nations<br />U.S., and World Alliances<br />Foreign trade<br />Population characteristics<br />Immigration<br />Acid rain and toxic waste<br />Foreign aid<br />Flags of American history, along with flags of U.S. states, territories, and possessions <br />A two-page U.S. political map<br />Historical maps of Alaska and Hawaii. <br />&quot;After 100 years, Hammond has got it down,&quot; writes the Philadelphia Inquirer.<br />38<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    44. 44. Comparison of Historical Atlas on the United States<br />Published in 2003 by Routledge<br /><ul><li>Coverage from colonial uprisings to September 11, 2001 attacks</li></ul>Two special map sections:<br />Presidential elections<br />Territorial growth of United States<br /><ul><li>Priced at $185</li></ul>Revised in 2007 by Hammond World Atlas Corporation<br />Covers earliest inhabitants to more recent presidential elections<br />Priced at $150<br />Historical Atlas of the United States<br />Atlas of the United States History<br />39<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    45. 45. Best Source of Thematic Atlas<br />Rand McNally Road Atlas<br />Coverage: United States, Canada, and Mexico<br />Map Legend<br />Maps A-Z<br />Index<br />Miles and Minutes<br />Annually published<br />40<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    46. 46. Thematic Atlases (Cont.)<br />Published in 2004, Adventure Edition<br />Detailed maps of all 50 states, Canada, and Mexico<br />Scenic routes, historic sites, recreation information, and points of interest<br />America&apos;s top 100 adventure destinations<br />24 profiles of the most popular national parks<br />Priced: $19.95<br />41<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    47. 47. Comparison of Thematic Atlases<br />Detailed inset maps of over 350 cities and 20 U.S. National Parks<br />GPS and online travel companion<br />2010 Best of the Road Trips <br />Road construction projects and updates <br />US atlas contains mileage chart <br />Priced at $13.95<br />Detailed maps of all 50 states, Canada, and Mexico and 24 U.S. National Parks<br />America&apos;s top 100 adventure destinations<br />US atlas contains mileage chart<br />Priced at $19.95<br />Rand McNally Road Atlas<br />National Geographic Road Atlas<br />42<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    48. 48. Atlases Vs. Maps<br />Maps<br />Present storage problems<br />Larger scale<br />Clearer presentation<br /><ul><li>Atlases
    49. 49. Compact
    50. 50. Easier storage and use
    51. 51. Smaller scale
    52. 52. Lack of detail for certain regions</li></ul>43<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    53. 53. MAPS<br />44<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    54. 54. Maps libraries should have<br />Maps showing coverage of local area<br />Various scales<br />Vary amount of detail<br />Maps covering cities or towns in the following scales<br />1:250,000 (one sheet)<br />1:100,000 (one to two sheets)<br />1:24,000 (one to six sheets)<br />Nautical charts for coastal cities or near the Great Lakes<br />45<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    55. 55. Popular electronic maps<br /> ( A ) <br /> ( B )<br /> ( C )<br />Satellite imaging<br />Currency as an issue<br />Questionable directions<br />46<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    56. 56. Electronic Maps <br />Scalable maps<br />47<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    57. 57. Electronic Maps <br />Satellite Images<br />(Outdated source)<br />48<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    58. 58. Electronic Maps <br />Terrain<br />49<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    59. 59. Electronic Maps <br />Traffic updates<br />50<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    60. 60. Electronic Maps<br />Webcams<br />51<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    61. 61. Electronic maps<br />Images<br />52<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    62. 62. Electronic maps<br />Directions<br />53<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    63. 63. Enviro-maps<br />An electronic, searchable map of EPA covered sites<br />User can search by<br />EPA-Regulated Facilities<br />Environmental Justice Geographic Assessment Information<br />Brownfields Grant Types and Properties<br />Superfund National Priorities List Sites<br />Toxics Release Inventory<br />Waste Management Facility Siting Tool<br />Pesticide Use Limitations<br />Cleanups in the community<br />54<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    64. 64. Enviro-maps<br />What’s buried in your back yard?<br />55<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    65. 65. Library of Congress Map Collection<br />56<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    66. 66. Library of Congress Map Collection<br />The Library of Congress’ mission is to “make resources available and useful to Congress and the American people and to sustain and preserve a universal collection of knowledge and creativity for future generations”<br />The goal of the Library’s National Digital Library Program is to “offer broad public access to a wide range of historical and cultural documents”<br />57<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    67. 67. Library of Congress Map Collection<br />Cities and Towns<br />Conservation and Environment<br />Discovery and Exploration<br />Cultural Landscapes<br />Military Battles & Campaigns<br />Transportation and Communication<br />58<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    68. 68. Library of Congress Map Collection<br />Historic maps of town<br />59<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    69. 69. Library of Congress Map Collection<br />Exploration<br />60<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    70. 70. Travel Guides<br />Users: Domestic and international travelers<br />Specific regions, countries, or cities<br />Contents:<br />Passport<br />Restaurants and hotels<br />Car rentals<br />Sightseeing<br />Maps<br />61<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    71. 71. Fodor’s vs. Frommer’s<br />Which travel guide books do you think is the most used and recommended?<br />Fordor’s<br />Frommer’s<br />62<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    72. 72. First published guidebooks in 1936 - present.<br />Annual updates, inclusion of users’ experiences and opinions<br />Over 300 worldwide destinations.<br />Itineraries; When to Go<br />Foldout, full-color sheet maps<br />Transportation<br />Vocabulary<br />Hong Kong, 21st Ed. <br />Published on March 3, 2009 is priced at $19.95<br />First publication in 1957 with $-a-Day Guides<br />Savvy trip-planning and sightseeing advice<br />Foldout, full-color sheet maps<br />Suggested Itineraries<br />Getting Around (Transportation)<br />Hong Kong, 10th Ed. <br />Published on February 24, 2009 is priced at $17.99<br />Fodor’s<br />Frommer’s<br />Fodor’s Vs. Frommer’s<br />63<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    73. 73. World Factbook<br />Last updated June 8, 2009 <br />Comprehensive information for 266 world entities<br />References taps<br />Regional Maps<br />Flags of the World<br />Gallery of Covers<br />Do You Know?<br />RRS feed<br />64<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    74. 74. Sample from World Factbook<br />65<br />Geographical Resources<br />
    75. 75. References<br />Bopp, R. & Smith, L. (2001). Reference and Information Services: An introduction (3rd ed.). Englewood: Libraries Unlimited, Inc.<br />Cannes, M. (2003). Historical Atlas of the United States. New York: Routledge .<br />Cohen, S. (2000). The Columbia Gazetteer of North America. New York: Columbia University Press. Retrieved July 3, 2009 from<br />EnviroMapper StoreFront. Retrieved July 10, 2009 from <br />Fodor’s. Retrieved on July 10, 2009 from<br />Frommer’s. Retrieved on July 10, 2009 from<br />Google Maps. Retrieved on June 20, 2009 from <br />Hammond Atlas of United States History. (2007). Maplewood: Hammond World Atlas Corporation.<br />Hammond Historical World Atlas (5th Ed.). (2000). Maplewood: Hammond World Atlas Corporation.<br />McCoy, J. (ed). (2002). Geo-Data: The World Geographical Encyclopedia. Gacl: Ohio. Retrieved June 30, 2009 from . <br />Map Collections. Retrieved July 10, 2009 from <br />Merriam-Webster&apos;s Geographical Dictionary. (2007). In Merriam-Webster&apos;s Geographical Dictionary. Springfield, MA: Merriam- Webster. Retrieved July 12, 2009, from <br />National Geographic. Retrieved July 11, 2009 from ttp://<br />National Geographic Atlas of the World (8th Ed.). (2005.). Washington D. C.: National Geographic Society. <br />National Geospatial – Intelligence Agency. Retrieved July 11, 2009 from <br />Oxford Atlas of the World (15th Ed.). (c2008). New York: Oxford University Press.<br />Oxford University Press, USA. Retrieved July 11, 2009 from<br />Rand McNally Road Atlas. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1926- . Annual.<br />The Times Atlas of World History (4th Ed.). (c1993). London: Times Book Group Ltd.<br />U.S. Board on Geographic Names. Retrieved July 11, 2009 from <br />World Factbook. Retrieved July 14, 2009 from<br />66<br />Geographical Resources<br />