Questions <ul><li>1) In your own words, describe what a party boss is and what a party boss does </li></ul><ul><li>2) How ...
The Muckrakers <ul><li>Who? </li></ul><ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Where? </li></ul><ul><li>When...
Lincoln Steffens & Thomas Nast Municipal Corruption
Who? <ul><li>Thomas Nast, cartoonist (1840-1902) </li></ul>
What? <ul><li>Nast’s cartoons helped to remove the Tweed Ring & Tammany Hall from power in New York City </li></ul>
 
 
Why is this important? <ul><li>The Tweed Ring controlled NYC politics for years and stole millions of taxpayer dollars </l...
Where?
When? <ul><li>The Tweed Ring lost in the election of 1871. </li></ul>
Who? Lincoln Steffens <ul><li>Born, San Francisco 1866, died 1936 </li></ul>
What? <ul><li>Through his articles and books, such as  The Shame of the Cities  and  The Struggle for Self-Government ; St...
The Shame of the Cities
Why? <ul><li>Steffen’s work paved the way for the break-up of these political machines as well as important municipal legi...
Where?
When? <ul><li>1902-1911 editor of  McClure’s Magazine </li></ul>
Municipal Corruption; Nast & Steffens <ul><li>(Draw a simple picture to represent the ideas we discussed) </li></ul>
Question <ul><li>How many  specific  problems can you recall from our earlier lessons on urban poverty at the turn of the ...
Urban Problems <ul><li>Crowded tenements </li></ul><ul><li>Homelessness </li></ul><ul><li>Orphans </li></ul><ul><li>Soul-c...
Who? <ul><li>Jacob Riis; 1849-1914 </li></ul>
What? <ul><li>Riis’ book  How the Other Half Lives  and accompanying pictures exposed urban poverty.  </li></ul>
Why? <ul><li>1889 his pictures and articles seen by N.Y. Governor T. Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><li>The tenements he exposed ...
Where?
When? <ul><li>1890 </li></ul>
Jacob Riis & Urban Poverty <ul><li>(Draw a simple picture to represent the ideas we discussed) </li></ul>
Turn to someone and tell them what you can remember about The Standard Oil Company using as few words as possible
Who? <ul><li>Ida Tarbell; 1857-1944 </li></ul>
What? <ul><li>Tarbell published &quot;The History of the Standard Oil Company&quot; in McClure’s magazine </li></ul><ul><l...
Why? <ul><li>Her articles raised public awareness of Rockefeller’s ruthless monopoly. </li></ul><ul><li>Tarbell’s efforts ...
Where? <ul><li>Her articles were read across the country </li></ul>
When? <ul><li>Standard Oil was broken up by the government in 1911 </li></ul>
Ida Tarbell & monopolies <ul><li>(Draw a simple picture to represent the ideas we discussed) </li></ul>
How dangerous is food? What isn’t safe to eat? <ul><li>How do you know? </li></ul>
Read the article and answer the following questions: <ul><li>1) What is the name of the corporation distributing the salmo...
 
 
Upton Sinclair & Food Safety
Who? <ul><li>Upton Sinclair: Born in Baltimore 1878, died 1968 </li></ul>
What? <ul><li>Wrote a “novel” about immigrants working the Chicago stockyards in 1905 called:  The Jungle </li></ul>
The Jungle <ul><li>There would be meat stored in great piles in rooms; and the water from leaky roofs would drip over it, ...
The Jungle <ul><li>This is no fairy story and no joke; the meat would be shoveled into carts, and the man who did the shov...
Why? <ul><li>President Theodore Roosevelt read the book and was horrified. </li></ul>
Why? continued <ul><li>As a result of Sinclair’s book and the President’s reaction, Congress passed both the Pure Food and...
Chicago, IL & entire USA Where?
Why Pure Food &  Drug  Act? <ul><li>Patent medicines </li></ul><ul><li>Medicines claiming to cure every illness were sold ...
Influence of patent medicines <ul><li>Coca-Cola & 7up were created by pharmacists and used to contain cocaine and lithium ...
Upton Sinclair & Food Safety <ul><li>(Draw a simple picture to represent the ideas we discussed) </li></ul>
Quick Review <ul><li>When I say Tarbell, You say… </li></ul>Broke up Standard Oil!
Quick Review <ul><li>When I say Riis, You say… </li></ul>Urban Poverty!
Quick Review <ul><li>When I say Nast, You say… </li></ul>Municipal Corruption! Boss Tweed!
Quick Review <ul><li>When I say Sinclair, You say… </li></ul>FDA! Food Safety!
Quick Review <ul><li>When I say Steffens, You say… </li></ul>Municipal Corruption!
Homework: <ul><li>In a well-written paragraph, please explain which muckraker you think had the most impact on American so...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Muckraker biographies

4,589 views

Published on

who, what, why, where, when... very simplified rundown of various muckrakers.

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,589
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
7
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
42
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Muckraker biographies

  1. 1. Questions <ul><li>1) In your own words, describe what a party boss is and what a party boss does </li></ul><ul><li>2) How did Boss Tweed manipulate elections? </li></ul><ul><li>3) How was Boss Tweed able to steal millions of dollars from the city of New York? </li></ul>
  2. 2. The Muckrakers <ul><li>Who? </li></ul><ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Where? </li></ul><ul><li>When? </li></ul><ul><li>(picture) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Lincoln Steffens & Thomas Nast Municipal Corruption
  4. 4. Who? <ul><li>Thomas Nast, cartoonist (1840-1902) </li></ul>
  5. 5. What? <ul><li>Nast’s cartoons helped to remove the Tweed Ring & Tammany Hall from power in New York City </li></ul>
  6. 8. Why is this important? <ul><li>The Tweed Ring controlled NYC politics for years and stole millions of taxpayer dollars </li></ul><ul><li>Nast’s cartoons brought the Tweed ring down </li></ul><ul><li>When Tweed fled to Spain, he was caught because people recognized him thanks to Nast’s cartoons </li></ul>
  7. 9. Where?
  8. 10. When? <ul><li>The Tweed Ring lost in the election of 1871. </li></ul>
  9. 11. Who? Lincoln Steffens <ul><li>Born, San Francisco 1866, died 1936 </li></ul>
  10. 12. What? <ul><li>Through his articles and books, such as The Shame of the Cities and The Struggle for Self-Government ; Steffens exposed corrupt political machines in St. Louis, Chicago, Philadelphia, and New York. </li></ul>
  11. 13. The Shame of the Cities
  12. 14. Why? <ul><li>Steffen’s work paved the way for the break-up of these political machines as well as important municipal legislation. </li></ul>
  13. 15. Where?
  14. 16. When? <ul><li>1902-1911 editor of McClure’s Magazine </li></ul>
  15. 17. Municipal Corruption; Nast & Steffens <ul><li>(Draw a simple picture to represent the ideas we discussed) </li></ul>
  16. 18. Question <ul><li>How many specific problems can you recall from our earlier lessons on urban poverty at the turn of the century? </li></ul>
  17. 19. Urban Problems <ul><li>Crowded tenements </li></ul><ul><li>Homelessness </li></ul><ul><li>Orphans </li></ul><ul><li>Soul-crushing poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Crime </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Fires </li></ul>
  18. 20. Who? <ul><li>Jacob Riis; 1849-1914 </li></ul>
  19. 21. What? <ul><li>Riis’ book How the Other Half Lives and accompanying pictures exposed urban poverty. </li></ul>
  20. 22. Why? <ul><li>1889 his pictures and articles seen by N.Y. Governor T. Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><li>The tenements he exposed were shut down </li></ul><ul><li>His book led to efforts to help the urban poor </li></ul>
  21. 23. Where?
  22. 24. When? <ul><li>1890 </li></ul>
  23. 25. Jacob Riis & Urban Poverty <ul><li>(Draw a simple picture to represent the ideas we discussed) </li></ul>
  24. 26. Turn to someone and tell them what you can remember about The Standard Oil Company using as few words as possible
  25. 27. Who? <ul><li>Ida Tarbell; 1857-1944 </li></ul>
  26. 28. What? <ul><li>Tarbell published &quot;The History of the Standard Oil Company&quot; in McClure’s magazine </li></ul><ul><li>Her articles were extremely well-researched, detailed, and easy to read. </li></ul><ul><li>They became very popular </li></ul>
  27. 29. Why? <ul><li>Her articles raised public awareness of Rockefeller’s ruthless monopoly. </li></ul><ul><li>Tarbell’s efforts led to the eventual breakup of the Standard Oil monopoly in 1911. </li></ul>
  28. 30. Where? <ul><li>Her articles were read across the country </li></ul>
  29. 31. When? <ul><li>Standard Oil was broken up by the government in 1911 </li></ul>
  30. 32. Ida Tarbell & monopolies <ul><li>(Draw a simple picture to represent the ideas we discussed) </li></ul>
  31. 33. How dangerous is food? What isn’t safe to eat? <ul><li>How do you know? </li></ul>
  32. 34. Read the article and answer the following questions: <ul><li>1) What is the name of the corporation distributing the salmonella peanut butter? </li></ul><ul><li>2) How many people died from the tainted peanut butter? </li></ul><ul><li>3) What are 3 reasons the article suggests for the contamination? </li></ul><ul><li>4) What are some reasons this company was able to sell tainted peanut butter? </li></ul>
  33. 37. Upton Sinclair & Food Safety
  34. 38. Who? <ul><li>Upton Sinclair: Born in Baltimore 1878, died 1968 </li></ul>
  35. 39. What? <ul><li>Wrote a “novel” about immigrants working the Chicago stockyards in 1905 called: The Jungle </li></ul>
  36. 40. The Jungle <ul><li>There would be meat stored in great piles in rooms; and the water from leaky roofs would drip over it, and thousands of rats would race about on it. It was too dark in these storage places to see well, but a man could run his hand over these piles of meat and sweep off handfuls of the dried dung of rats. These rats were nuisances, and the packers would put poisoned bread out for them; they would die, and then rats, bread, and meat would go into the hoppers together. </li></ul>
  37. 41. The Jungle <ul><li>This is no fairy story and no joke; the meat would be shoveled into carts, and the man who did the shoveling would not trouble to lift out a rat even when he saw one – there were things that went into the sausage in comparison with which a poisoned rat was a tidbit. </li></ul>
  38. 42. Why? <ul><li>President Theodore Roosevelt read the book and was horrified. </li></ul>
  39. 43. Why? continued <ul><li>As a result of Sinclair’s book and the President’s reaction, Congress passed both the Pure Food and Drugs Act and the Meat Inspection Act in 1906 (when). </li></ul>
  40. 44. Chicago, IL & entire USA Where?
  41. 45. Why Pure Food & Drug Act? <ul><li>Patent medicines </li></ul><ul><li>Medicines claiming to cure every illness were sold by unlicensed traveling salesmen. </li></ul><ul><li>The medicines often contained dangerous amounts of alcohol or drugs </li></ul>
  42. 46. Influence of patent medicines <ul><li>Coca-Cola & 7up were created by pharmacists and used to contain cocaine and lithium </li></ul>
  43. 47. Upton Sinclair & Food Safety <ul><li>(Draw a simple picture to represent the ideas we discussed) </li></ul>
  44. 48. Quick Review <ul><li>When I say Tarbell, You say… </li></ul>Broke up Standard Oil!
  45. 49. Quick Review <ul><li>When I say Riis, You say… </li></ul>Urban Poverty!
  46. 50. Quick Review <ul><li>When I say Nast, You say… </li></ul>Municipal Corruption! Boss Tweed!
  47. 51. Quick Review <ul><li>When I say Sinclair, You say… </li></ul>FDA! Food Safety!
  48. 52. Quick Review <ul><li>When I say Steffens, You say… </li></ul>Municipal Corruption!
  49. 53. Homework: <ul><li>In a well-written paragraph, please explain which muckraker you think had the most impact on American society & why? </li></ul><ul><li>Give two reasons to support your opinion and one reason why the muckraker you chose was more important than a different muckraker (counter-argument) </li></ul>

×