Brand Niemann12102009


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  • 01/30/10 Confidential - Draft for Review and Comment
  • Brand Niemann12102009

    1. 1. Services and Cloud Computing Work Groups: Status Update Brand Niemann US EPA December 10, 2009 (Updated December 11, 2009)
    2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Federal CIO Council’s Cloud Computing Executive Steering Committee </li></ul><ul><ul><li>December 4th – see next two slides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>January 8th – invited to brief </li></ul></ul><ul><li> CONOPs V 0.7 Excerpts </li></ul><ul><li> Dialogue </li></ul><ul><li> Evolution to the Semantic Web Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Open Government Directive </li></ul><ul><li>Cloud Computing Shoot Out </li></ul><ul><li>Cloud Computing Conference & Expo </li></ul><ul><li>Roadmap/Framework/Patterns: Semantic Cloud Computing Desktop / Mobile Apps with Linked Open Data </li></ul><ul><li>Announcing the Year of Semantic Web Training and Pilots for </li></ul><ul><li>My Ad-Hoc Roadmap </li></ul>
    3. 3. Federal Cloud Computing Working Groups Responsibilities Operate as a Service Provider Enable Sustainable & Cost-Effective Computing Enable Adoption and Implementation of CC Conduct Outreach Activities Provide Procurement Leadership Encourage Cloud Technology Innovation Establish and Manage Governance Security Working Group Standards Working Group <ul><li>Governance </li></ul><ul><li>Govt-wide Security Authorization of CC services </li></ul><ul><li>Issues & Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Best Practices </li></ul><ul><li>Sec. Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Review RFQs </li></ul><ul><li>Common Svcs </li></ul><ul><li>CC Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Port. Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Review RFQ </li></ul><ul><li>Acquisition Vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Cloud Storefront </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Business Case Templates </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Metrics </li></ul><ul><li>Guide Agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Government Wide Services </li></ul><ul><li>Common Interfaces </li></ul>Operational Excellence Working Group GSA Confidential and Proprietary – Not for Distribution <ul><li>Communication Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Central Portal </li></ul><ul><li>On-line Content </li></ul><ul><li>Training Cont. </li></ul>Communications Working Group Goal Area
    4. 4. Federal Cloud Computing Draft Services Framework User Tools Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) Platform as a Service (PaaS) Software as a Service (SaaS) / Applications User/ Admin Portal Reporting & Analytics Service Mgmt & Provisioning Analytic Tools Data Mgmt Reporting Knowledge Mgmt Citizen Engagement Application Integration API’s Workflow Engine EAI Mobile Device Integration Data Migration Tools ETL Wikis / Blogs Social Networking Agency Website Hosting Email / IM Virtual Desktop Office Automation Business Svcs Apps Core Mission Apps Legacy Apps (Mainframes) Gov Productivity Gov Enterprise Apps Database Testing Tools Developer Tools DBMS Directory Services Security & Data Privacy Data/Network Security Data Privacy Certification & Compliance Authentication & Authorization Auditing & Accounting Service Provisioning SLA Mgmt Inventory Mgmt CoS/QoS Mgmt Utilization Monitoring App Perf Monitoring DR / Backup Operations Mgmt Storage Virtual Machines Web Servers Server Hosting CDN Data Center Facilities Routers / Firewalls LAN/WAN Internet Access Hosting Centers Core Foundational Capabilities Cloud Services GSA Confidential and Proprietary – Not for Distribution User Profile Mgmt Trouble Mgmt Product Catalog Order Mgmt Billing / Invoice Tracking Customer / Account Mgmt
    5. 5. CONOPs V 0.7 Excerpts <ul><li>The Semantic Web Roadmap </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Semantic web techniques are not yet widespread in the Federal government. Given our principle of program control, takes an evolutionary approach to implementing these techniques. Such an evolution involves pilots, a piece-meal transition and a lot of education. The result will be to demonstrate the value proposition, establish end user demand, and empower data stewards to adopt semantic web techniques. In order to accelerate evolution, an experimental semantic-web-driven site will be established as depicted in Figure 22 (next slide). </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. CONOPs V 0.7 Excerpts Figure 22: Semantic Evolution of
    7. 7. CONOPs V 0.7 Excerpts <ul><li>In addition to agency pilots, the site will leverage lessons learned from the United Kingdom’s version of (soon to be released) which will be built entirely on semantic web technologies. An ancillary benefit of piloting techniques like unique identification and explicit relationships is that the lessons learned will assist the more traditional implementations of these techniques on It is envisioned that as the benefits and applications based on semantic datasets increase, a migration and transition plan will be developed to merge the efforts. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Dialogue
    9. 9. Evolution to the Semantic Web Discussion <ul><li>Participants: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Professor James Hendler, Tetherless World Chair, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (co-inventor of the Semantic Web). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>See http://data- </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marion Royal, GSA, Program Manager. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>George Thomas, Senior Enterprise Architect, HHS. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brand Niemann, Senior Enterprise Architect, US EPA (EPA’s acting CIO, Linda Travers, co-chairs the with Sonny Bhagowalia, DoI, CIO). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>See </li></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Evolution to the Semantic Web Discussion <ul><li>My action items list: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Marion Royal will establish a listserv for further discussions by a small group initially. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Start with (instead of - a separate web site) with links to partners doing Semantic Web applications with government data (e.g. Jim Hendler, the W3C egov Interest group, our Semantic Community.Net, etc.). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Get government data stewards and subject matter experts to work with the partners to create more applications (e.g. Jim Hendler's graduate students need help from government people who know their data and what they want to do with it). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Work with CIO's like Chris Kemp (NASA Ames CIO) that are helping scientists put large datasets in the Nebula Cloud this coming year as part of the &quot;Year of Cloud Computing Pilots&quot; (Peter Mell's prediction) to make these part of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Evolve NIEM to the Web and especially the Semantic Web (Donna Roy said she would welcome this help). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6. Invite Tim Berners-Lee to look at in the future and hopefully he will engage his followers (e.g. 15, 000 on Twitter) to support it as well. </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Open Government Directive <ul><li>December 8, 2009, by OMB Director Peter Orszag: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific actions to implement the principles of transparency, participation, and collaboration. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishes deadlines for action. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Publish Government Information Online. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. Improve the Quality of Government Information. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3. Create and Institutionalize a Culture of Open Government. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4. Create an Enabling Policy Framework for Open Government. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Within 60 days, each agency shall create an Open Government Webpage at </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Within 60 days, the Federal CIO and CTO shall create an Open Government Dashboard at </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Cloud Computing Shoot Out <ul><li>December 8, 2009, Panel discussion: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moderated by Dave McClure, Associate Administrator, Citizen Services and Communications, GSA (Vivek Kundra was announcing the Open Government Directive). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Panelists include: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jeff Bergeron, CTO, U.S. Public Sector, HP (Michael Donovan) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eran Feigenbaum, Director of Security, Google Enterprise </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Michael G. Hill, Vice President, Enterprise Initiatives IBM </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yousef A. Khalidi, Distinguished Engineer, Cloud Computing, Microsoft Corporation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prasad L. Rampalli, Vice President, Intel Architecture Group, Intel Corporation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kaveh Vessali, Vice President of Public Sector Solutions, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Werner Vogels, CTO, </li></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Cloud Computing Shoot Out <ul><li>Federal CIO Vivek Kundra’s “five pillars” of key priorities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Lowering the cost of government. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Engaging citizens. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Innovation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Transparency. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Cybersecurity. </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Cloud Computing Shoot Out <ul><li>My Notes of Highlights: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yousef Khalidi: Microsoft is building the world’s largest data center near Chicago. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eran Feigenbaum: Google suggests you ask vendors if your data is portable from their cloud to someone else’s cloud. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kaveh Vessali: has 5 apps running in an office at EPA (news to me!). See next slide. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Werner Vogels: Amazon cloud can be partitioned off to meet government security requirements. (Never underestimate the bandwidth of a FedEx box! Lots of people send us their data storage devises in a FedEx box to upload to the Amazon cloud.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dave McClure: We should have a community sandbox as Brand suggests where government employees can try these things. </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Cloud Computing Shoot Out <ul><li>Salesforce has worked on and supported a number of EPA projects over the last 4 years: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There are currently over 125 users across multiple EPA programs leveraging our Cloud Computing Software as a Service and Platform as a Service solutions. EPA is using our Cloud solutions to support a number of partnership programs with thousands of partner organizations, primarily focused on driving environmental improvements/results. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Our Cloud Computing model has worked very well for these programs, considering many of them have users spread out across multiple geographic locations.  For example, the Green Power Partnership program uses real-time reports and Dashboards in Salesforce to track purchased kilowatt hours of Green Power across the partners in the program.  The program also uses our application to track correspondences, outreach, partner intake from the web, and more.  Furthermore, the EPA’s Salesforce applications are available to the users via their Blackberry devices, providing real-time mobile access.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some of the programs that we are supporting have replaced Oracle/Upshot with for improved functionality and cost savings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples of EPA Offices/Programs Using SFDC include: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pesticide Partnership Program </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>State & Local Clean Energy Program </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Climate Leaders Program </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Combined Heat & Power Partnership </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Green Power Partnership </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water Efficiency Program </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Program  (ramped down last year) </li></ul></ul></ul>Source: Mark Cerniglia, Sr. Account Executive,, December 10, 2009.
    16. 16. Cloud Computing Conference & Expo <ul><li>December 9, 2009, Cloud Computing 2010: Focus on Operational Efficiency and Security </li></ul><ul><li>8:30 Keynote: Government Cloud Computing for 2010: Moving Towards Efficient Operations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chris Kemp, Chief Information Officer, Ames Research Center, NASA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>9:15 How to Take Advantage of Cloud Computing Today </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Christopher Dorobek, Co-Anchor, The Daily Debrief with Chris Dorobek and Amy Morris, Federal News Radio (Moderator) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russ Fromkin, Director, Intel Federal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>David Hunter, Chief Technology Officer, Public Sector, VMware, Inc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dan Kent, Director of Engineering, Cisco </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dale Wickizer, Chief Technology Officer, NetApp US Public Sector </li></ul></ul><ul><li>10:15 Coffee Break / Networking </li></ul><ul><li>10:45 Understanding Security and Standards in the Cloud </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peter Mell, Senior Computer Scientist, Computer Security Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, and Co-Chair of the Federal Cloud Computing Advisory Council </li></ul></ul><ul><li>11:30 Key Elements of Cloud Computing: From Private to Hosted Solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Henry Sienkiewicz, Technical Program Director, Computing Services, Defense Information Systems Agency </li></ul></ul><ul><li>12:15 Wrap Up, Announcements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mike Smoyer, President, Digital Government Institute </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Cloud Computing Conference & Expo <ul><li>Chris C. Kemp is an entrepreneurial executive with a passion for igniting innovation in high-tech organizations. Chris has experience starting, funding, building, and selling technology businesses. As Chairman of NASA's Web Council and Chief Information Officer at NASA Ames Research Center in Silicon Valley, Chris helped forge partnerships with Google and Microsoft and is responsible for NASA's Nebula Cloud Computing Platform. Prior to joining NASA, Chris helped create the third largest online community, the leading web-based vacation rental platform Escapia, and the first online grocery shopping platform for Kroger, the world's largest grocery store chain. </li></ul>
    18. 18. Cloud Computing Conference & Expo <ul><li>Nebula is a Cloud Computing pilot under development at NASA Ames Research Center. It integrates a set of open-source components into a seamless, self-service platform, providing high-capacity computing, storage and network connectivity using a virtualized, scalable approach to achieve cost and energy efficiencies. Nebula is currently being used for education and public outreach, for collaboration and public input, and also for mission support. </li></ul><ul><li>Nebula enhances NASA’s ability to collaborate with external scientists and researchers by providing high-speed data connections and consistent tool sets and open data APIs used by commercial Cloud providers. Built from the ground up around principles of transparency and public collaboration, Nebula is also an open-source project. </li></ul><ul><li>The primary Nebula container is at Ames Research Center in Silicon Valley, California. The Ames Internet Exchange (AIX) which hosts the cloud, was formerly &quot;Mae West,&quot; one of the original nodes of the Internet, and is still a major peering location for Tier 1 ISPs, as well as being the home of the &quot;E&quot; root name servers. </li></ul><ul><li>Aside from these peering relationships, we also connect to CENIC and Internet2, at 10GigE connections. </li></ul>
    19. 19. Cloud Computing Conference & Expo <ul><li>My Notes of Highlights: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chris Kemp: Cloud Computing allows you to replace CapEx with OpEx (see Wikipedia Cloud Computing Economics ). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Christopher Dorobek: Brand doing “cloud computing” before it was called cloud computing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peter Mell: NIST Cloud Computing Definition is now stable, 2009 was the Year of Discovery, 2010 will be the Year of Pilots: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Three now: NASA Nebula, DoI’s National Business Center, and DISA’s RACE. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Biggest concern is making DHS’s TIC (Trusted Internet Connections) work with Cloud Computing. Thinks it will be like making “holes in firewalls” secure. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Henry Sienkiewicz: Reduced time to delivery from 12-18 months to hours-days. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slides posted at: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Roadmap/Framework/Patterns: Semantic Cloud Computing Desktop / Mobile Apps with Linked Open Data <ul><li>What do I want to do as a Federal Employee? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Telework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Sharing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Semantic Web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cloud Computing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile Apps </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Concern for access to EPA desktop based on EPA flood experience several years ago (out of our EPA offices for about 6 weeks) – see 2006 FCW article . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How can my EPA Desktop look and function like my iPhone interface with the App Store and allow me to do those things above? </li></ul>
    21. 21. Roadmap/Framework/Patterns: Semantic Cloud Computing Desktop / Mobile Apps with Linked Open Data <ul><li>Now it can because there is now an Internet Operating System Desktop with an App Store that runs on the Amazon Cloud called MindTouch 2009 On Demand. </li></ul><ul><li>I have collaborated with others to produce about 30 apps with this now. Each of these 30 apps can be further developed. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>See for example for evolving at . </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Roadmap/Framework/Patterns: Semantic Cloud Computing Desktop / Mobile Apps with Linked Open Data http://
    23. 23. Announcing the Year of Semantic Web Training and Pilots for <ul><li>Creating a good set of URLs for the content (e.g., vocabulary, taxonomy, ontology). </li></ul><ul><li>Implementing that in a tool that supports Web standards (e.g., REST, PHP, DREAM). </li></ul><ul><li>Publishing it to the Web in Semantic Web formats (e.g., RDF, OWL, RIF). </li></ul>Note: Now that Google and other search engines are reorienting rankings to favor Inclusion of semantics and RDFa, this becomes a very strong argument for Linked Open Data for the government. This protects and enhances your investment in data by putting it in the cloud of Linked Open Data so it can be re-used.
    24. 24. Announcing the Year of Semantic Web Training and Pilots for <ul><li>Suggest doing this as part of each of the Semantic Web Meetups this coming year: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High-quality government data tables. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer-reviewed scientific and statistical databases and models. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Information Exchange Model. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A “Government Data Facts for the Citizen Newspaper” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>See Newspaper </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And more! </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. My Ad-hoc Roadmap Note: See next slide for footnotes. Piloted Using Wiki That Became An Internet Operating System Desktop (5) and (6) Develop U.S. EPA Agency ADS/Chandra to NASA Nebula (4) Pilots IWGDD (3) Interagency Semantic Cloud Computing with Linked Open Data (2) Framework NCOIC and OMG (1) Global Comments OMB Needs* Organization Scale
    26. 26. My Ad-hoc Roadmap <ul><li>Footnotes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(1) NCOIC: Network Centric Operations Industry Consortium – and OMG: Object Management Group – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(3) IWGDD: Interagency Working Group on Digital Data – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(4) http:// / Note: Ranked 6 th in the World for Repositories - </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(5) (improve data quality, metadata, and analysis tools, use desktop cloud computing, support the Semantic Web’s Linked Open Data, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(6) http:// =2&_x_lf_kvid=303c62e0-3d50-5e2e-ca43-ad0112f89b62 </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. My Ad-hoc Roadmap <ul><li>This gives: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OMB an Architectural Framework and EPA a Target Architecture 3.0. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OMB some cloud computing pilots and EPA a way to save money on infrastructure costs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$25,000 versus $120 per year (200 fold savings). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OMB support for and EPA some examples for </li></ul></ul>