By: Ashley Kowalczyk,  Josh Pilarcik-Murawski, Marko Balac
Brief Description <ul><li>Peer-to-Peer (referred to as P2P) is a type of Internet network that allows a group of computer ...
History of P2P Programs <ul><li>There have been 3 different generations of P2P Programs over the years </li></ul><ul><li>A...
The 1 st  Generation <ul><li>Napster was the original P2P Program that popularized the concept of file sharing </li></ul><...
The 2 nd  Generation <ul><li>After Napster’s collapse, programmers devised a way to eliminate the need for a central serve...
The 3 rd  Generation <ul><li>BitTorrent was created in 2003 by Bram Cohen </li></ul><ul><li>“ It seemed pretty clear to me...
To use or not to use? Advantages Disadvantages <ul><li>Easily Available Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Fast Download Times </l...
Possible Consequences YouTube Video
What you need to know <ul><li>File sharing technology itself is legal, but downloading copyrighted material without permis...
P2P in the News <ul><li>In November 2007 an Anti-P2P College Bill advanced to the House of Representatives  </li></ul><ul>...
More P2P Controversy  <ul><li>In October 2007 Comcast was accused of blocking and slowing access to its customers from P2P...
The Impact of P2P Programs on the Recording Industry <ul><li>There has been an ongoing debate as to whether or not P2P Pro...
What do the Artists Think? <ul><li>The RIAA continues to sue individuals for using P2P programs claiming that their action...
P2P Programs in the Business World <ul><li>Many companies have begun to implement P2P programs into their business practic...
The World’s Stance on P2P <ul><li>Canada proposed $5.00 monthly tax on internet connections in exchange for allowing users...
Our Views <ul><li>We believe that P2P technology is very valuable if used appropriately  </li></ul><ul><li>We feel that by...
Works Cited <ul><li>http://www.wired.com/techbiz/media/news/2000/06/36961 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.associatedcontent.c...
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P2P Capstone

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P2P Capstone

  1. 1. By: Ashley Kowalczyk, Josh Pilarcik-Murawski, Marko Balac
  2. 2. Brief Description <ul><li>Peer-to-Peer (referred to as P2P) is a type of Internet network that allows a group of computer users with the same networking program to connect with each other and directly access files from one another's hard drives. </li></ul>Unlike most networks, file sharing networks eliminate the need for a central servers
  3. 3. History of P2P Programs <ul><li>There have been 3 different generations of P2P Programs over the years </li></ul><ul><li>As each generation stumbled, programmers worked on ways to improve the methods that were being used </li></ul>
  4. 4. The 1 st Generation <ul><li>Napster was the original P2P Program that popularized the concept of file sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Developed in September 1999 by Shawn Fanning because he wanted an easier method for finding music </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively Low Hardware Requirements: Basic Home Computer, 56K Modem </li></ul><ul><li>Napster failed because when the RIAA came down on it for copyright infringement all they had to do to shut it down was turn off the central server </li></ul><ul><li>“ I know for a fact that there are other systems in development that are being programmed right now and developed,&quot; he said. &quot;I think (that) even if Napster goes away, the idea of file sharing will be very, very hard to defeat.” ~ Ben Berkowitzke (Technology Reporter) </li></ul>Major Figure : Napster Time Period : 1999-2001 Reasons for Development : Efficient, Easy to Control Reason for Collapse : Central Server Approach
  5. 5. The 2 nd Generation <ul><li>After Napster’s collapse, programmers devised a way to eliminate the need for a central server </li></ul><ul><li>Files began to be shared between individuals directly </li></ul><ul><li>The introduction of DSL and Broadband internet connections allowed these programs to thrive </li></ul><ul><li>The introduction of the DVD burner now made downloading movies a possibility </li></ul>Major Figures: Kazaa, Limewire, Gnutella, Morpheus Time Period: 2000-Present Reasons for Development: De-centralized Network Reasons for Collapse: None yet
  6. 6. The 3 rd Generation <ul><li>BitTorrent was created in 2003 by Bram Cohen </li></ul><ul><li>“ It seemed pretty clear to me that there is a lot of bandwidth out there, but it's not being used properly. There's all of this upload capacity that people aren't using.“ </li></ul><ul><li>Follows the principle that the faster you upload the faster you download </li></ul><ul><li>BitTorrent cuts files up into many little pieces and as soon as a user has a piece they can start uploading the piece to others </li></ul>Major Figures: BitTorrent Time Period: 2003-Present Reasons for Development: Capitalize on Bandwidth
  7. 7. To use or not to use? Advantages Disadvantages <ul><li>Easily Available Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Fast Download Times </li></ul><ul><li>Numerous Types of Media Format (mp3, videos, games) </li></ul><ul><li>Free of Charge </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease in Computer Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Receiving Files that Contain Viruses </li></ul><ul><li>Receiving Malware or Adware </li></ul><ul><li>Being a Victim of Identity Theft </li></ul><ul><li>Being sued by the RIAA (Recording Industry Association of America) </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Privacy </li></ul>
  8. 8. Possible Consequences YouTube Video
  9. 9. What you need to know <ul><li>File sharing technology itself is legal, but downloading copyrighted material without permission is illegal </li></ul><ul><li>Bentley College blocks all P2P Programs except Napster </li></ul><ul><li>The version of Napster that all students have is a paid service </li></ul><ul><li>Violations here at Bentley are handled by the Network Administrator </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals can be fined for repeated use and can lose some computer privileges </li></ul>
  10. 10. P2P in the News <ul><li>In November 2007 an Anti-P2P College Bill advanced to the House of Representatives </li></ul><ul><li>The bill would require Universities to devise plans for alternative offerings to unlawful downloading </li></ul><ul><li>Universities that fail to comply with the regulation may become ineligible for federal financial aid programs </li></ul><ul><li>Critics of the bill fear that low income students will be harmed because they are not going to be able to receive the necessary funding </li></ul>
  11. 11. More P2P Controversy <ul><li>In October 2007 Comcast was accused of blocking and slowing access to its customers from P2P programs </li></ul><ul><li>Comcast denied any such actions </li></ul><ul><li>A November 30 th report released by the Electronic Frontier Foundation discovered that Comcast used hacker like techniques to slow down its customer connections </li></ul><ul><li>The report stated that Comcast appears to be injecting reset packets into its consumers connections, causing the connections to close </li></ul><ul><li>In November the Federal Communications Commission was formally asked to look into Comcast’s practices </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Impact of P2P Programs on the Recording Industry <ul><li>There has been an ongoing debate as to whether or not P2P Programs have harmed the music industry </li></ul><ul><li>A study released in 2004 found that “file sharing has no statistically significant effect on purchases of the average album.” </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals who support this claim argue that alternative factors effect the decrease in record sales </li></ul><ul><li>Some of these factors are “poor macroeconomic conditions, a reduction in the number of album releases, growing competition from other forms of entertainment such as video games and DVDs” </li></ul><ul><li>Other individuals feel P2P programs have benefitted the music industry by increasing market exposure and reducing marketing and advertising costs </li></ul>
  13. 13. What do the Artists Think? <ul><li>The RIAA continues to sue individuals for using P2P programs claiming that their actions harm record sales, but is it really necessary? </li></ul>In a recent December interview, 50 cent stated: &quot;What is important for the music industry to understand is that this really doesn't hurt the artists.&quot; Instead 50 Cent stresses that: “The main problem is that the artists are not getting as much help developing as before file-sharing. They are now learning to peddle ringtones, not records. They don't understand the value of a perfect piece of art.”
  14. 14. P2P Programs in the Business World <ul><li>Many companies have begun to implement P2P programs into their business practices </li></ul><ul><li>Intel has designed a P2P Program called Netbatch, that allows employees to share computer simulations and swap various files </li></ul><ul><li>Intel has saved $500 million since creating the program </li></ul><ul><li>Oil Company Amerada Hess has been able to reduce the need to buy high end computer systems by using the power of p2p networking </li></ul><ul><li>IBM has also implemented P2P networking tactics because it lessens bandwidth requirements on their jammed networks </li></ul>
  15. 15. The World’s Stance on P2P <ul><li>Canada proposed $5.00 monthly tax on internet connections in exchange for allowing users to share music via P2P Programs </li></ul><ul><li>French government is beginning to monitor individuals Internet traffic </li></ul><ul><li>France’s President Nicolas Sarkozy has enacted a 3 strike policy against P2P programs </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals who violate the program will have their internet service shut down by their providers </li></ul><ul><li>What will the U.S. do? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Our Views <ul><li>We believe that P2P technology is very valuable if used appropriately </li></ul><ul><li>We feel that by using a P2P program an individual is sharing music and not stealing it </li></ul><ul><li>The fines imposed by the RIAA are unreasonable </li></ul><ul><li>P2P Programs have actually benefitted artists </li></ul>
  17. 17. Works Cited <ul><li>http://www.wired.com/techbiz/media/news/2000/06/36961 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/8434/a_review_and_history_of_p2p_file_sharing.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/projects/Fall02/Moody/history.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://media.www.dailyvidette.com/media/storage/paper420/news/2007/10/29/News/Downloading.P2p.Networks.Risks.Identity.Theft-3061071.shtml </li></ul><ul><li>http://web20.telecomtv.com/pages/?newsid=42156&id=e9381817-0593-417a-8639-c4c53e2a2a10&view=news </li></ul><ul><li>http://compnetworking.about.com/od/p2ppeertopeer/g/bldef_p2p.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://ask-leo.com/will_bittorrent_harm_my_computer.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mac-p2p.com/p2p-history/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/projects/Fall04/Davison/napster.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.nytimes.com/2004/02/12/technology/circuits/12shar.html?ex=1391922000&en=da75cefbee224928&ei=5007&partner=USERLAND </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.news.com/Anti-P2P-college-bill-advances-in-House/2100-1028_3-6218834.html?tag=cd.top </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.rufuspollock.org/economics/p2p_summary.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://angryape.com/news/2007/12/50-cent-says-file-sharing-doesnt-hurt-artists </li></ul>

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