“ A NICE CUPPA” The British Afternoon Tea Ritual Jelena  Šakić British Cultural Studies The English Department The Faculty...
. . . TEA. . .   <ul><li>. . .HISTORY </li></ul><ul><li>. . .TIME </li></ul><ul><li>. . .ETIQUETTE </li></ul><ul><li>SOCIA...
NATION’S FAVOURITE BEVERAGE <ul><li>China   –  Camellia sinensis </li></ul><ul><li>Japan   –  Buddhist monks - Tea ceremon...
<ul><li>Men -> coffee houses-> middle-/ upper- class </li></ul><ul><li>Women -> at home </li></ul><ul><li>=> too expensive...
<ul><li>&quot;There are few  hours  in life  </li></ul><ul><li>more agreeable than the  hour </li></ul><ul><li>dedicated t...
TEA TIME <ul><li>1.  Afternoon Tea (Low Tea) </li></ul><ul><li>4 o’clock tea   (3pm - 5pm) </li></ul><ul><li>Tea +  </li><...
Afternoon Tea
<ul><li>2. High Tea   </li></ul><ul><li>6 o’clock tea  (5pm – 7pm) </li></ul><ul><li>Working class supper   (19 th  cent) ...
High Tea
<ul><li>3. Cream Tea   </li></ul><ul><li>Devonshire Tea or Cornish Cream Tea </li></ul><ul><li>Tavistock Abbey – Monks  </...
Cream Tea
<ul><li>“ Drink your tea slowly and reverently,  </li></ul><ul><li>as if it is the axis on which the world earth revolves ...
TEA ETIQUETTE <ul><li>Pinkies Up! </li></ul><ul><li>Napkins </li></ul>
<ul><li>How to eat a   scone </li></ul><ul><li>Stirring tea and  spoon  placement </li></ul>
<ul><li>Drinking tea and adding   milk </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>vs. </li></ul>
A VERY BRITISH TRADITION <ul><li>TEA =   165 million   cups daily   (60.2 billion annually)  </li></ul><ul><li>coffee  =  ...
ONE LUMP OR TWO? <ul><li>“ Taking sugar in your tea   is regarded by many as an infallible   lower-class indicator ”.  </l...
Tea Trivia <ul><li>Does one   TAKE  or  DRINK   tea? </li></ul><ul><li>-> One drinks tea   ← </li></ul><ul><li>During the ...
<ul><li>When drinking tea does one lift the teacup and saucer or just the teacup?  </li></ul><ul><li>Table   ->  raise the...
<ul><li>Tea bags </li></ul><ul><li>Remove tea bag from cup.  </li></ul><ul><li>Place on   side saucer /  slop bowl .  </li...
Where to tea…? <ul><li>1. Brown’s Hotel, London </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional Afternoon Tea - £37.00   (43 EUR) </li></ul>...
<ul><li>2. The Dorchester Afternoon Tea, London  </li></ul><ul><li>£34.50  per person  (40 EUR)                           ...
QUESTIONS <ul><li>Who “invented” afternoon tea and why? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the difference between </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Jonathan Evans – Making the Perfect Cup of Tea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul>TEA, ANYONE?
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A nice cuppa presentation - sakic

  1. 1. “ A NICE CUPPA” The British Afternoon Tea Ritual Jelena Šakić British Cultural Studies The English Department The Faculty of Philology 10 May 2010
  2. 2. . . . TEA. . . <ul><li>. . .HISTORY </li></ul><ul><li>. . .TIME </li></ul><ul><li>. . .ETIQUETTE </li></ul><ul><li>SOCIAL RELEVANCE. . . </li></ul><ul><li>Tea Trivia </li></ul>
  3. 3. NATION’S FAVOURITE BEVERAGE <ul><li>China – Camellia sinensis </li></ul><ul><li>Japan – Buddhist monks - Tea ceremony </li></ul><ul><li>Britain -> British East India Company -> Catherine of Braganza  </li></ul><ul><li>1st order -> 1664->100lbs (45kg) of China tea from Java </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Men -> coffee houses-> middle-/ upper- class </li></ul><ul><li>Women -> at home </li></ul><ul><li>=> too expensive for working class </li></ul><ul><li>Taxation (18 th century) = 1. smuggling </li></ul><ul><li> 2. adulteration </li></ul><ul><li>… sheep’s dung, copper carbonate… </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>&quot;There are few hours in life </li></ul><ul><li>more agreeable than the hour </li></ul><ul><li>dedicated to the ceremony </li></ul><ul><li>known as afternoon tea.&quot;                                          Henry James </li></ul>
  6. 6. TEA TIME <ul><li>1. Afternoon Tea (Low Tea) </li></ul><ul><li>4 o’clock tea (3pm - 5pm) </li></ul><ul><li>Tea + </li></ul><ul><li>scones cakes </li></ul><ul><li>small sandwiches pastries </li></ul><ul><li> Anna, Duchess of Bedford (1840) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Afternoon Tea
  8. 8. <ul><li>2. High Tea </li></ul><ul><li>6 o’clock tea (5pm – 7pm) </li></ul><ul><li>Working class supper (19 th cent) -> refuel the body </li></ul><ul><li>Tea + </li></ul><ul><li>hot meat cakes </li></ul><ul><li>cheese custards </li></ul><ul><li>egg fresh fruits </li></ul><ul><li>pot pies </li></ul><ul><li>salads </li></ul><ul><li>Little used in the UK </li></ul>
  9. 9. High Tea
  10. 10. <ul><li>3. Cream Tea </li></ul><ul><li>Devonshire Tea or Cornish Cream Tea </li></ul><ul><li>Tavistock Abbey – Monks </li></ul><ul><li>(no sandwiches/ cakes) </li></ul><ul><li>Tea + </li></ul><ul><li>freshly baked fruit scones butter </li></ul><ul><li>clotted cream strawberry jam </li></ul>
  11. 11. Cream Tea
  12. 12. <ul><li>“ Drink your tea slowly and reverently, </li></ul><ul><li>as if it is the axis on which the world earth revolves – </li></ul><ul><li>slowly, evenly, without rushing toward the future. ” </li></ul><ul><li>Thich Nhat Hahn </li></ul>
  13. 13. TEA ETIQUETTE <ul><li>Pinkies Up! </li></ul><ul><li>Napkins </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>How to eat a scone </li></ul><ul><li>Stirring tea and spoon placement </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Drinking tea and adding milk </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>vs. </li></ul>
  16. 16. A VERY BRITISH TRADITION <ul><li>TEA = 165 million cups daily (60.2 billion annually) </li></ul><ul><li>coffee = 70 million cups daily </li></ul><ul><li>Working class -> “industrial quantities of strong, brick-coloured, sweet, milky tea”. </li></ul><ul><li>Lower-middle/ middle-middle class -> “a paler, ‘posher’ version” of the working-class tea </li></ul><ul><li> (Twinings English Breakfast) </li></ul><ul><li>Upper-middle/ upper class -> “weak, dishwater-coloured, unsweetened Earl Grey” </li></ul>
  17. 17. ONE LUMP OR TWO? <ul><li>“ Taking sugar in your tea is regarded by many as an infallible lower-class indicator ”. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Tea Trivia <ul><li>Does one TAKE or DRINK tea? </li></ul><ul><li>-> One drinks tea ← </li></ul><ul><li>During the Victorian era, the term “to take tea” was used by the lower classes and considered a vulgar expression by the upper classes. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>When drinking tea does one lift the teacup and saucer or just the teacup? </li></ul><ul><li>Table -> raise the teacup only -> back onto saucer in btw sips. </li></ul><ul><li>Buffet tea -> tea saucer in lap with left hand, hold tea cup in right hand. </li></ul><ul><li>When not in use -> place tea cup on tea saucer, hold in lap. </li></ul><ul><li>Never wave/ hold tea cup in the air. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Tea bags </li></ul><ul><li>Remove tea bag from cup. </li></ul><ul><li>Place on side saucer / slop bowl . </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use string to wrap around / squeeze tea bag. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Where to tea…? <ul><li>1. Brown’s Hotel, London </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional Afternoon Tea - £37.00 (43 EUR) </li></ul><ul><li>Freshly Cut Sandwiches Assorted Pastries Freshly Baked Fruit And Plain Scones With Clotted Cream And Strawberry Preserve Choice Of Cakes From The Trolley Choice Of Teas </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>2. The Dorchester Afternoon Tea, London </li></ul><ul><li>£34.50 per person (40 EUR)                             A selection of finger sandwiches:      </li></ul><ul><li>                Cucumber with cream cheese on caraway seed bread                     Egg mayonnaise with shiso cress on white bread                     Chicken with wholegrain mustard mayonnaise on basil bread               Smoked salmon on granary bread                     ***                     Warm raisin and plain scones from our bakery, served with homemade strawberry jam, a seasonal jam and Devonshire clotted cream </li></ul><ul><li>***                     A selection of French pastries                     ***                     Tea or coffee             </li></ul><ul><li>              A discretionary service charge will be added to your bill. All prices include VAT. </li></ul>
  23. 23. QUESTIONS <ul><li>Who “invented” afternoon tea and why? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the difference between </li></ul><ul><li>High Tea and Afternoon Tea? </li></ul><ul><li>How can the act of drinking tea be a class indicator? </li></ul><ul><li>Describe one aspect of tea etiquette. </li></ul><ul><li>What were the consequences of the taxation of tea? </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Jonathan Evans – Making the Perfect Cup of Tea </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>TEA, ANYONE?

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