Louis Henry Sullivan


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Louis Henry Sullivan

  1. 1. Louis Henry Sullivan<br />“Father of Modern Architecture”<br />Sabah Shafi<br />
  2. 2. Personal Data<br />Legal Name: Louis Henry Sullivan<br />Birth date: September 3, 1856<br />Place of birth: Boston, Massachusetts<br />Ethnic Group: Irish and Swiss<br />Permanent Home Address: Chicago<br />Citizenship: US Citizen<br />Education: 1 year at MIT, 6 months at Ecole des Beaux-Arts<br />
  3. 3. Early Life<br />Entered MIT in 1872, age 16<br />Dissatisfied about how strictly the school focused on classical architecture<br />Went to visit my parents in Chicago<br />Saw possibilities of rebuilding the city<br />Travelled to Paris to study at one of the greatest schools of architecture<br />After a year in Europe, came back to Chicago<br />Worked as a draftsman<br />Produced quick and skillful design<br />Worked for Dankmar Adler<br />1881, we became partners<br />I provided designs, Adler provided the clients and solved the engineering problems<br />
  4. 4. 1880-1889<br />Philosophy: “Form Follows Function”<br />Architecture<br />Product design<br />Software engineering<br />Automobile design<br />Earlier work: designed the Rothschild Store and Ryerson Building<br />1880, started to propose buildings to reconstruct Chicago<br />Elegant and simple, focused on height and safety<br />
  5. 5. Rothschild Store<br />
  6. 6. Ryerson Building<br />
  7. 7. Auditorium Building<br />One of my greatest works, designed with Adler<br />Combined theater, hotel, and office building<br />Three stages: a block with pitched roof and squat towers, a raised tower with a pyramidal cap, and a massive, unornamented block with a tower rising stories above the larger structure<br />Was the showplace in Chicago until the Great Depression<br />Roosevelt University moved into the building in 1947<br />Auditorium Theater Council was established to restore the theater<br />25 years after it was closed, the NYC Ballet performed<br />Audience was crazy about the architecture as well as the ballet<br />I became famous through the Auditorium’s rational structure and ornamentation<br />
  8. 8. Auditorium Building<br />
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  10. 10. Lobby<br />
  11. 11. Stairs<br />
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  13. 13. Theater<br />
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  15. 15. First to design steel-framed skyscrapers<br />Created tall and structurally secure buildings<br />Invented unique American style of architecture<br />Steered away from Greek and Roman architectural designs to create unique American style<br />Borden Block-reflected this style<br />
  16. 16. Wainwright Building in St. Louis<br />
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  18. 18. Guaranty Building in Buffalo<br />
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  22. 22. End of partnership with Adler<br />
  23. 23. Carson Pirie Scott Building<br />
  24. 24. One of my last greatest designs<br />
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  29. 29. Transportation Building famous for its massiveness and uniqueness<br />
  30. 30. Later career, designed banks for small cities in MN, IA, WI, and OH<br />Some banks still admired for their form<br />
  31. 31. Merchant’s National Bank<br />
  32. 32. National Farmers’ Bank<br />