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Folding and reading a map

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Folding and reading a map

  1. 1. Navigation "The MAP"
  2. 2. <ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><li>Aim of Map Reading, </li></ul><ul><li>Definition of a Map, </li></ul><ul><li>Care of Maps, </li></ul><ul><li>Marginal Information, and </li></ul><ul><li>Conventional Sign. </li></ul>Navigation 1
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Aims of Map Reading are to Enable a Soldier to: </li></ul><ul><li>Navigate and recognise features on the map and ground, </li></ul><ul><li>Picture the Ground even though it hasn’t been seen, and </li></ul><ul><li>Understand and Pass Information quickly. </li></ul>Aim of Map Reading
  4. 4. <ul><li>G raphic Representation of Part or Whole of Earth’s Surface , </li></ul><ul><li>On a Plain Surface, </li></ul><ul><li>To Scale , </li></ul><ul><li>Showing Natural and/or Artificial Features, and </li></ul><ul><li>Co-ordinate Reference System (Grid). </li></ul>Definition of a Map
  5. 5. <ul><li>What Are The Aims of Map Reading? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Navigate, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Picture, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand/Pass Information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is a Map? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Graphic Representation of Earth’s Surface, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually on a plain surface, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To Scale, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural/Artificial Features, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grid System. </li></ul></ul>Questions ??
  6. 6. <ul><li>Map Deterioration: </li></ul><ul><li>Dirt and Grime, </li></ul><ul><li>Liquids, </li></ul><ul><li>Unnecessary Folding/Opening, and </li></ul><ul><li>Ink Pens/Markers, Sharp Objects. </li></ul>Map Care
  7. 7. <ul><li>Map Protection: </li></ul><ul><li>From Exposure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear Contact, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Map Case, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plastic Bag, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Map Board. </li></ul></ul>Map Care
  8. 8. <ul><li>Map Protection: </li></ul><ul><li>From Wear </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Correct Folding, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Pencil Lightly - No Pens , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid Sharp Objects, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Map should be left folded. </li></ul></ul>Map Care
  9. 9. <ul><li>Fold In Half Top To Bottom </li></ul>Map Folding
  10. 10. <ul><li>Then Fold In Quarters Left To Right </li></ul>Map Folding
  11. 11. <ul><li>What Causes Map Deterioration? </li></ul><ul><li>Dirt and Grime, </li></ul><ul><li>Liquids, </li></ul><ul><li>Unnecessary Folding/Opening, and </li></ul><ul><li>Ink Pens/Markers, Sharp Objects. </li></ul>Questions ??
  12. 12. <ul><li>How Can You Protect Your Map? </li></ul><ul><li>Contact, </li></ul><ul><li>Map Case, </li></ul><ul><li>Plastic Bag, </li></ul><ul><li>Map Board, </li></ul><ul><li>Use Pencils - Not Pens, </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid Sharp Objects, and </li></ul><ul><li>Correct Folding. </li></ul>Questions ??
  13. 13. Marginal Information
  14. 14. What is it ??? What is it ??? It Is the Information Located Around the Edges of the Map Which is Necessary for the Correct Use of the Map.
  15. 15. Such As.. Such As.. The Title Legend Contour Interval Scale
  16. 16. TOP RIGHT Map Series No. Sheet No. Edition No. Marginal Information
  17. 17. TOP CENTRE Map Title Marginal Information KAPOOKA SPECIAL NEW SOUTH WALES
  18. 18. Map Scale TOP LEFT Map Type Marginal Information AUSTRALIAN 1 : 25 000 TOPOGRAPHIC SURVEY
  19. 19. Compilation Field Verification Date, BOTTOM LEFT North Point Diagram Universal Grid Ref and Marginal Information
  20. 20. Contour Interval, BOTTOM CENTRE Water Course Guide and Legend, Scale, Climatic Graphs. Marginal Information
  21. 21. BOTTOM RIGHT Map Title Index To Adjoining Maps Marginal Information
  22. 22. QUESTIONS? <ul><li>Name Four Pieces of Marginal Information? </li></ul><ul><li>Title </li></ul><ul><li>Edition and Series Number </li></ul><ul><li>Nth Point Diagram </li></ul><ul><li>Legend </li></ul><ul><li>Scale </li></ul><ul><li>Watercourse Guide </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>Coloured Symbols which are used to represent both natural and Artificial Features on a Map. </li></ul>Conventional Sign
  24. 24. <ul><li>Colours </li></ul><ul><li>Orange / Brown </li></ul>Conventional Sign Landforms (Contours and Sand)
  25. 25. <ul><li>Colours </li></ul><ul><li>Blue </li></ul>Conventional Sign Water (Rivers and Lakes)
  26. 26. <ul><li>Colours </li></ul><ul><li>Green </li></ul>Conventional Sign Vegetation (Orchards and Forests)
  27. 27. <ul><li>Colours </li></ul><ul><li>Red </li></ul>Conventional Sign Roads and Built-up Areas
  28. 28. <ul><li>Colours </li></ul><ul><li>Black </li></ul>Conventional Sign Artificial Features (Railways and Buildings)
  29. 29. <ul><li>Colours </li></ul><ul><li>Purple </li></ul>Conventional Sign Overprints (Tactical and Aeronautical Information)
  30. 30. <ul><li>Reading Conventional Sign </li></ul><ul><li>Unsealed Road </li></ul>Conventional Sign
  31. 31. <ul><li>Another Example </li></ul><ul><li>Road Bridge </li></ul>Conventional Sign
  32. 32. QUESTIONS? <ul><li>What Are Conventional Signs? </li></ul><ul><li>Coloured Symbols that Represent features on a Map. </li></ul><ul><li>Give Three of the Colours and Examples. </li></ul><ul><li>Red - Built-up Areas & Roads </li></ul><ul><li>Blue - Watercourses </li></ul><ul><li>Green - Vegetation </li></ul>
  33. 33. QUESTIONS? <ul><li>What Are Conventional Signs? </li></ul><ul><li>Coloured Symbols that Represent features on a Map. </li></ul><ul><li>Give Three of the colours and Examples. </li></ul><ul><li>Black - Train Tracks & Buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Orange/Brown - Sand & Contours </li></ul><ul><li>Purple - Tactical and Aeronautical </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>What Is a Map? </li></ul>Test <ul><li>G raphic Representation of Part or Whole of Earth’s Surface , </li></ul><ul><li>On a Plain Surface, </li></ul><ul><li>To Scale , </li></ul><ul><li>Showing Natural and/or Artificial Features, and </li></ul><ul><li>Co-ordinate Reference System (Grid). </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>Three Ways Maps Deteriorate? </li></ul><ul><li>Dirt and Grime, </li></ul><ul><li>Liquids, </li></ul><ul><li>Unnecessary Folding/Opening, and </li></ul><ul><li>Ink Pens/Markers, Sharp Objects. </li></ul>Test
  36. 36. <ul><li>How do you Protect a Map? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear Contact, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Map Case, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plastic Bag, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Map Board. </li></ul></ul>Test <ul><ul><li>Correct Folding, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Pencil Lightly (No Pens), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid Sharp Objects, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Map should be left folded. </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><li>Give Three Examples of Marginal Information? </li></ul><ul><li>Title </li></ul><ul><li>Edition and Series Number </li></ul><ul><li>Nth Point Diagram </li></ul><ul><li>Legend </li></ul><ul><li>Scale </li></ul><ul><li>Watercourse Guide </li></ul>Test
  38. 38. <ul><li>What Are Conventional Signs? </li></ul><ul><li>Coloured Symbols that Represent features on a Map. </li></ul>Test
  39. 39. <ul><li>Aim of Map Reading, </li></ul><ul><li>Definition of a Map, </li></ul><ul><li>Care of Maps, </li></ul><ul><li>Marginal Information, and </li></ul><ul><li>Conventional Sign. </li></ul>During This lesson You have Learnt....
  40. 40. <ul><li>On This Subject - Map 2 Next Wed </li></ul><ul><li>On The Syllabus - </li></ul><ul><li>Dinner / BP21 </li></ul>Your Next Lesson ...

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