Tibetan Prayer Flags and Wheels Steven Leyva, Ally Watt, Kyle Smith, Steven Pham, Andrew Florita
Tibetan Buddhism <ul><li>173 AD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddhism Arrives in Tibet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>641 AD </li></ul><u...
Prayer Flag History <ul><li>Date back thousands of years to the Bon tradition of pre-Buddhist Tibet.  </li></ul><ul><li>Pr...
History Cont. <ul><li>Originally, were painted by hand, one at a time </li></ul><ul><li>Woodblocks introduced from China i...
Prayer Flag Texts  <ul><li>Texts seen on prayer flags can be categorized as mantra, sutra and prayers </li></ul><ul><li>Ma...
Wind Horse  (Lung- ta)   <ul><li>Wind spreads the prayers and raises the good fortune of those around the prayer flag. The...
Colors <ul><li>Colors/Elements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blue - sky/space  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White - air/wind  </li>...
Design <ul><li>Ta = powerful or strong horse  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ratna – 3 flaming jewels  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><...
Design cont. <ul><li>Mythical animals representing aspects of the Bodhisattva attitude  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strength  </...
Symbolism <ul><li>Symbols fade with exposure  </li></ul><ul><li>One with the universe  </li></ul><ul><li>New flags for ren...
Karmapa Dream Flag  <ul><li>Victorious Flag of Buddha’s Wisdom  </li></ul><ul><li>Sky and Earth  </li></ul><ul><li>Vision ...
Other Popular Flags <ul><li>Victory Banners-  used to overcome obstacles and disturbances  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shakyamun...
Other Popular Flags Cont. <ul><li>Praise to the 21 Taras-  Tara born from the tears of Avalokiteshvara, one tear transform...
 
Prayer Wheel History <ul><li>Buddhist master Nagarjuna: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddha's words in motion had the same effect...
Symbolism of the Wheel <ul><li>Symbolizes Siddhartha’s teachings, because he was the man who “turned the wheel of the dhar...
Prayer Wheels <ul><li>Cylindrical wheel with a handle made from metal, wood, stone, or leather </li></ul><ul><li>Inscribed...
OM MANI PADME HUM  <ul><li>‘ The Jewel in the Lotus’ </li></ul><ul><li>Originates from Chenrezig, the Buddha of compassion...
Types of Prayer Wheels <ul><li>Depending on the type of form of movement: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mani Wheel:  Spun by a sli...
Use in Prayer <ul><li>Each revolution has same effect as reciting the mantra </li></ul><ul><li>Comforting and invigorating...
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Tibetan Prayer Flags And Wheels

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Tibetan Prayer Flags And Wheels

  1. 1. Tibetan Prayer Flags and Wheels Steven Leyva, Ally Watt, Kyle Smith, Steven Pham, Andrew Florita
  2. 2. Tibetan Buddhism <ul><li>173 AD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddhism Arrives in Tibet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>641 AD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>King Songtsen Gampo </li></ul></ul><ul><li>774 AD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guru Rinpoche </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Prayer Flag History <ul><li>Date back thousands of years to the Bon tradition of pre-Buddhist Tibet. </li></ul><ul><li>Priests used primary colored plain cloth flags in healing ceremonies. </li></ul><ul><li>Each color corresponded to a different primary element - earth, water, fire, air and space </li></ul><ul><li>Used to help appease the local gods and spirits of the mountains, valleys, lakes and streams. </li></ul>
  4. 4. History Cont. <ul><li>Originally, were painted by hand, one at a time </li></ul><ul><li>Woodblocks introduced from China in the 15th century </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhist masters created most prayer flag designs </li></ul><ul><li>Lay craftsmen make copies of the designs, never actually create new designs </li></ul><ul><li>When the Chinese took over Tibet they destroyed much of everything having to do with Tibetan culture and religion </li></ul><ul><li>Unique to Tibetan Buddhism </li></ul>
  5. 5. Prayer Flag Texts <ul><li>Texts seen on prayer flags can be categorized as mantra, sutra and prayers </li></ul><ul><li>Mantra- a syllable or series of syllables that influencing certain energies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Almost always in Sanskrit. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Send blessings of compassion to the six worldly realms. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sutras- prose texts with long, medium and short versions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prayer flags use the medium or short versions. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Wind Horse (Lung- ta) <ul><li>Wind spreads the prayers and raises the good fortune of those around the prayer flag. The wind horse, usually in pictorial form, always occupies the center of this flag. The outside corners of the flag is always guarded by the four great animals – the garuda, dragon, tiger and snow lion </li></ul>
  7. 7. Colors <ul><li>Colors/Elements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blue - sky/space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White - air/wind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Red - fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green - water   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yellow – earth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Five Pure Lights, Five Buddha Families </li></ul>
  8. 8. Design <ul><li>Ta = powerful or strong horse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ratna – 3 flaming jewels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Buddha </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dharma </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sangha (Buddhist community) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Speed and transformation of bad fortune to good </li></ul><ul><li>400 mantras dedicated to a deity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bodhisattvas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prayers for the flag mounters </li></ul>
  9. 9. Design cont. <ul><li>Mythical animals representing aspects of the Bodhisattva attitude </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strength </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheerfulness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dragon à West </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compassion, hearing, slander </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water element </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Garuda à North </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Daring, fearlessness, freedom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sky and Fire elements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tiger à South </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confidence, awareness, kindness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural sense of satisfactions, i.e. enlightenment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forest and Air element </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Snowlion à East </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheerfulness, no doubt, body and mind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mountains and Earth elements </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Symbolism <ul><li>Symbols fade with exposure </li></ul><ul><li>One with the universe </li></ul><ul><li>New flags for renewing hopes </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing cycle of change </li></ul>
  11. 11. Karmapa Dream Flag <ul><li>Victorious Flag of Buddha’s Wisdom </li></ul><ul><li>Sky and Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Vision and everyday world </li></ul>
  12. 12. Other Popular Flags <ul><li>Victory Banners- used to overcome obstacles and disturbances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shakyamuni Buddha gave the Victory Banner Sutra to Indra Victory Banner flags display this sutra along with symbols such as the wind horse or the Eight Auspicious Symbols. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Health and Longevity Flags- usually have a short version of the Buddha’s Long Life Sutra along with prayers and mantras for health and long life. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amitayus, the Buddha of Limitless Life is often in the center of the flag. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Wish Fulfilling Prayer ( Sampa Lhundrup )- a powerful protection prayer good for raising one’s fortune </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Often have Guru Rinpoche in the center and repetitions of his powerful mantra OM AH HUNG VAJRA GURU PADMA SIDDHI HUNG. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Other Popular Flags Cont. <ul><li>Praise to the 21 Taras- Tara born from the tears of Avalokiteshvara, one tear transformed into the Savioress Green Tara who manifested her twenty other forms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually depict Green Tara in the center and often conclude with her root mantra OM TARE TUTARE TURE SOHA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avalokiteshvara – Bodhisattva of Compassion, The Warrior-King Gesar, The White Umbrella for Protection, the Kurukulle Power Flag, Manjushri- Embodiment of Wisdom, Milarepa – the Yogisaint, and the Vast Luck Flag </li></ul>
  14. 15. Prayer Wheel History <ul><li>Buddhist master Nagarjuna: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddha's words in motion had the same effect as recitation by the human voice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote text in a continuous line and rolled it up into a cylindrical container. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Symbolism of the Wheel <ul><li>Symbolizes Siddhartha’s teachings, because he was the man who “turned the wheel of the dharma” </li></ul><ul><li>The wheels motion is a metaphor of rapid spiritual change created by Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Represents the cycle of samsara, the escaping of reincarnation through Siddhartha’s teachings. </li></ul><ul><li>It has also been seen as a weapon to conquer evil and malevolence. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Prayer Wheels <ul><li>Cylindrical wheel with a handle made from metal, wood, stone, or leather </li></ul><ul><li>Inscribed with the mantra: OM MANI PADME HUM </li></ul><ul><li>More beneficial the larger the wheel with more mantras inscribed </li></ul>
  17. 18. OM MANI PADME HUM <ul><li>‘ The Jewel in the Lotus’ </li></ul><ul><li>Originates from Chenrezig, the Buddha of compassion </li></ul><ul><li>Chanting or viewing the mantra evokes benevolent attention and blessings of Chenrezig </li></ul><ul><li>Resonant vibration of the universe </li></ul>
  18. 19. Types of Prayer Wheels <ul><li>Depending on the type of form of movement: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mani Wheel: Spun by a slight rotation of the wrist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Wheel : Flowing water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire Wheel: Heat of a candle or electric light </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wind Wheel: Wind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stationary Prayer Wheels: Passerby can turn row of wheels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electric Dharma Wheels: Motors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Prayer Wheel: Digital image spinning emits the mantra’s prayers </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Use in Prayer <ul><li>Each revolution has same effect as reciting the mantra </li></ul><ul><li>Comforting and invigorating effect </li></ul><ul><li>Evokes a deep, spiritual state of tranquility </li></ul>

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