WEBQUEST PRESENTATION <ul><li>DEVELOPED BY </li></ul><ul><li>ABD RAHMAN BIN HJ HAMZAH </li></ul><ul><li>JB MP071051 </li><...
<ul><li>CALLIGRAPHY STYLES A WebQuest for Form 5 Students </li></ul>
<ul><ul><ul><li>OVERVIEW </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FOCUS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OBJECTIVES </li></u...
OVERVIEW <ul><li>This lesson is to introduce students to  calligraphy  </li></ul><ul><li>The pupils will be able to know a...
ROLES OF THE PUPILS <ul><li>Pupils will be given information on various styles of calligraphy. </li></ul><ul><li>They will...
FOCUS <ul><li>GRADE LEVEL  :   FORM 5 STUDENTS </li></ul><ul><li>CONTENT AREA : FOCUSES ON LANGUAGE AND ARTS </li></ul>HOME
OBJECTIVES <ul><li>Pupils are able to recognize the famous calligraphy styles </li></ul><ul><li>Pupils are able to appreci...
<ul><li>A teacher needs resources such as : </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures of beautiful calligraphy writings such as the calli...
QUESTIONS AND THE TASK <ul><li>What to do? </li></ul><ul><li>1. Get into a group of three. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Choose a c...
RESOURCES: <ul><li>The resources below can be used as a reference. </li></ul><ul><li>Please refer to the information becau...
GUIDING QUESTIONS : <ul><li>1. Which style would I choose? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What are the interesting characteristics o...
EVALUATION <ul><li>GROUP EVALUATION: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Cooperativeness    5 marks </li></ul><ul><li>2. Creativity      ...
QUESTIONS TO PONDER <ul><li>1.  Do you enjoy working in groups? </li></ul><ul><li>2.  Are your group members helpful? </li...
CONCLUSION <ul><li>The purpose of having this group work is to make sure all of you appreciate calligraphy, know it better...
REFERENCES <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_calligraphy </li></ul><ul><li>http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calligr...
1 st  pupil <ul><li>Search a calligraphy style. </li></ul><ul><li>Write / Type 5 or 6 brief description about the style. <...
2 nd  pupil <ul><li>Discuss with the 1 st  pupil and determine the style your group has chosen. </li></ul><ul><li>Think of...
3 rd  pupil <ul><li>After you have selected the style, think about the well known characteristics in that style </li></ul>...
<ul><li>calligraphy  </li></ul><ul><li>Calligraphy means: The art of fine handwriting; Works in fine handwriting considere...
INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Calligraphy is an art of beautiful, stylized, or elegant handwriting or lettering with pen or brush a...
EXAMPLES  OF CALLIGRAPHY  IN DIFFERENT CULTURES
CALLIGRAPHY  IN DIFFERENT CULTURES <ul><li>East Asian calligraphy  </li></ul><ul><li>  Indian calligraphy  </li></ul><ul><...
East Asian calligraphy <ul><li>For centuries, the Chinese literati were expected to master the art of calligraphy. </li></...
<ul><li>The main categories of Chinese-character calligraphy names:  </li></ul><ul><li>Hanzi ( Pinyin ) Hangul ( RR ) Rōma...
Indian Calligraphy   <ul><li>Early Calligraphy in India is found in old  Sanskrit  works, usually  scriptures  and  epics ...
Kalakacharya and the  Saka  King (Kalakacharya  Katha -Manuscript),  Prince of Wales Museum ,  Mumbai .  HOME
Islamic calligraphy <ul><li>Islamic calligraphy ( calligraphy  in Arabic is  Khatt ul-Yad   خط اليد ) is an aspect of  Isl...
<ul><li>Double Page from a Manuscript of the Qur'an, 14th century Egypt or Syria Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper...
Western calligraphy <ul><li>Historical evolution  : </li></ul><ul><li>Western calligraphy is recognizable by the use of  t...
<ul><li>The raising of the Carolingian Empire encouraged to set a new standardized script, developed by several famous mon...
<ul><li>Nowadays, computers allow an unskilled user to easily output dozens of scripts, but the result hasn't the same spo...
HOME
END OF WEBQUEST <ul><li>HOPE YOU ALL ENJOY THE LESSON AND SEE YOU AGAIN WITH OTHER INTERESTING  </li></ul><ul><li>TOPICS!!...
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Abd Rahman

  1. 1. WEBQUEST PRESENTATION <ul><li>DEVELOPED BY </li></ul><ul><li>ABD RAHMAN BIN HJ HAMZAH </li></ul><ul><li>JB MP071051 </li></ul><ul><li>Lecturer </li></ul><ul><li>ASSOC PROF DR WAN FARA ADLINA WAN MANSUR </li></ul>CALLIGRAPHY STYLES
  2. 2. <ul><li>CALLIGRAPHY STYLES A WebQuest for Form 5 Students </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><ul><ul><li>OVERVIEW </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FOCUS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OBJECTIVES </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>QUESTIONS AND THE TASK </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ROLES OF THE PUPILS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RESOURCES </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GUIDING QUESTIONS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EVALUATION </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>QUESTIONS TO PONDER </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CONCLUSION </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. OVERVIEW <ul><li>This lesson is to introduce students to calligraphy </li></ul><ul><li>The pupils will be able to know about calligraphy </li></ul><ul><li>They will be able to know about the world most famous calligraphy styles </li></ul>HOME
  5. 5. ROLES OF THE PUPILS <ul><li>Pupils will be given information on various styles of calligraphy. </li></ul><ul><li>They will be provided with various interesting calligraphy works so that they would have the opportunity to look at the pictures. </li></ul><ul><li>Beautiful works of calligraphy are viewed in pictures so that the pupils are able to appreciate them. </li></ul>
  6. 6. FOCUS <ul><li>GRADE LEVEL  :  FORM 5 STUDENTS </li></ul><ul><li>CONTENT AREA : FOCUSES ON LANGUAGE AND ARTS </li></ul>HOME
  7. 7. OBJECTIVES <ul><li>Pupils are able to recognize the famous calligraphy styles </li></ul><ul><li>Pupils are able to appreciate the beauty of calligraphy. </li></ul><ul><li>Pupils are able to know various calligraphy styles in detail </li></ul><ul><li>Pupils are able to write a short description about calligraphy. </li></ul><ul><li>Pupils are able to use the correct adjective in describing calligraphy </li></ul>HOME
  8. 8. <ul><li>A teacher needs resources such as : </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures of beautiful calligraphy writings such as the calligraphy of the Western, Islamic, Chinese, Indian and so on. </li></ul><ul><li>A printed resource which has a brief description of the history of calligraphies </li></ul>
  9. 9. QUESTIONS AND THE TASK <ul><li>What to do? </li></ul><ul><li>1. Get into a group of three. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Choose a calligraphy style </li></ul><ul><li>3. Write a brief description about the calligraphy </li></ul><ul><li>4. You have to write a description in five or six sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>5. If you are able to promote the interest of the reader, you will be awarded higher grades. </li></ul>HOME
  10. 10. RESOURCES: <ul><li>The resources below can be used as a reference. </li></ul><ul><li>Please refer to the information because they are important in your task. </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_calligraphy </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calligraphy </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.calligraphyislamic.com/4. </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.ejf.org.uk / </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.inkway.mn/english/mongolcalligraphy.htm </li></ul>HOME
  11. 11. GUIDING QUESTIONS : <ul><li>1. Which style would I choose? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What are the interesting characteristics of the style? </li></ul><ul><li>3. Who is the outstanding calligrapher for that style? </li></ul><ul><li>4. How to promote the readers’ interest? </li></ul><ul><li>5. How to describe the style in short and brief? </li></ul><ul><li>6. What are the important points should be included in the description? </li></ul><ul><li>7. How should I prepare the layout? </li></ul>HOME
  12. 12. EVALUATION <ul><li>GROUP EVALUATION: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Cooperativeness    5 marks </li></ul><ul><li>2. Creativity      5 marks </li></ul><ul><li>3. Effort       5 marks </li></ul><ul><li>4. Language       10 marks </li></ul>HOME
  13. 13. QUESTIONS TO PONDER <ul><li>1.  Do you enjoy working in groups? </li></ul><ul><li>2.  Are your group members helpful? </li></ul><ul><li>3.  Do you feel easier working in group or as an individual? </li></ul><ul><li>4.  Can you finish all the three tasks without any help of your friends? </li></ul><ul><li>5.  Do you know calligraphy styles better after doing these tasks? </li></ul><ul><li>6.  Do you enjoy doing the tasks given? </li></ul>HOME
  14. 14. CONCLUSION <ul><li>The purpose of having this group work is to make sure all of you appreciate calligraphy, know it better and learn the skill as well. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also used to generate group work among the pupils. </li></ul>HOME
  15. 15. REFERENCES <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_calligraphy </li></ul><ul><li>http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calligraphy </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.calligraphyislamic.com/4. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ejf.org.uk/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.inkway.mn/english/mongolcalligraphy.htm </li></ul>HOME
  16. 16. 1 st pupil <ul><li>Search a calligraphy style. </li></ul><ul><li>Write / Type 5 or 6 brief description about the style. </li></ul>ROLES OF THE PUPILS
  17. 17. 2 nd pupil <ul><li>Discuss with the 1 st pupil and determine the style your group has chosen. </li></ul><ul><li>Think of an interesting style. </li></ul><ul><li>Write 5 or 6 brief sentences about the style </li></ul>
  18. 18. 3 rd pupil <ul><li>After you have selected the style, think about the well known characteristics in that style </li></ul><ul><li>Write 5 or 6 brief description about the characteristics. </li></ul>HOME
  19. 19. <ul><li>calligraphy </li></ul><ul><li>Calligraphy means: The art of fine handwriting; Works in fine handwriting considered as a group. </li></ul><ul><li>The original term is from Greek kalligraphiā, means beautiful writing (kalli/ kallos - beautiful and graphiā, -graphy, writing) </li></ul>INTRODUCTION
  20. 20. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Calligraphy is an art of beautiful, stylized, or elegant handwriting or lettering with pen or brush and ink. It involves the correct formation of characters, the ordering of the various parts, and the harmony of proportions. In the Islamic and Chinese cultures, calligraphy is as highly revered as painting. </li></ul><ul><li>In Europe in the 14th – 16th century, two scripts developed that influenced all subsequent handwriting and printing: the roman and italic styles. With the invention of modern printing (1450), calligraphy became increasingly bold and ornamental. Among other calligraphies are the </li></ul><ul><li>East Asian calligraphy </li></ul><ul><li> Indian calligraphy </li></ul><ul><li>Islamic calligraphy </li></ul><ul><li>Western calligraphy </li></ul>
  21. 21. EXAMPLES OF CALLIGRAPHY IN DIFFERENT CULTURES
  22. 22. CALLIGRAPHY IN DIFFERENT CULTURES <ul><li>East Asian calligraphy </li></ul><ul><li> Indian calligraphy </li></ul><ul><li>Islamic calligraphy </li></ul><ul><li>Western calligraphy </li></ul>HOME
  23. 23. East Asian calligraphy <ul><li>For centuries, the Chinese literati were expected to master the art of calligraphy. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Main article: East Asian calligraphy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Asian calligraphy typically uses ink brushes to write Chinese characters (called Hanzi in Chinese , Hanja in Korean , Kanji in Japanese , and Hán Tự in Vietnamese ). Calligraphy (in Chinese, Shufa 書法 , in Korean , Seoye 書藝 , in Japanese Shodō 書道 , all meaning &quot;the way of writing&quot;) is considered an important art in East Asia and the most refined form of East Asian painting . </li></ul><ul><li>Calligraphy has also influenced ink and wash painting , which is accomplished using similar tools and techniques. Calligraphy has influenced most major art styles in East Asia , including sumi-e , a style of Chinese , Korean , and Japanese painting based entirely on calligraphy. </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>The main categories of Chinese-character calligraphy names: </li></ul><ul><li>Hanzi ( Pinyin ) Hangul ( RR ) Rōmaji Quốc ngữ Seal script 篆書 (Zhuànshū) 전서 (Jeonseo)TenshoTriện thư Clerical script (Official script) 隸書 ( 隷書 )(Lìshū) 예서 (Yeseo)ReishoLệ thư Regular Script (Block script) 楷書 (Kǎishū) 해서 (Haeseo)KaishoKhải thư Semi -cursive Script (Running script) 行書 (Xíngshū) 행서 (Haengseo)GyōshoHành thư Cursive script (Grass script) 草書 (Cǎoshū) 초서 (Choseo)SōshoThảo thư </li></ul>HOME
  25. 25. Indian Calligraphy <ul><li>Early Calligraphy in India is found in old Sanskrit works, usually scriptures and epics of religious significance. </li></ul><ul><li>Monastic Buddhist communities had members trained in calligraphy having shared responsibility for duplicating sacred scriptures (Renard 1999: 23-4). </li></ul><ul><li>Jaina traders incorporated illustrated manuscripts celebrating Jaina saints. These manuscripts were produced using inexpensive material with fine calligraphy (Mitter 2001: 100). </li></ul><ul><li>Ashoka the great was the Mauryan emperor who had the edicts of Ashoka incised on rocks and pillars situated in important centers of his empire. He was a patron of calligraphy and painting. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Calligraphy is write using the sanscrit alphabet, and special pens. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Kalakacharya and the Saka King (Kalakacharya Katha -Manuscript), Prince of Wales Museum , Mumbai . HOME
  27. 27. Islamic calligraphy <ul><li>Islamic calligraphy ( calligraphy in Arabic is Khatt ul-Yad خط اليد ) is an aspect of Islamic art that has evolved alongside the religion of Islam and the Arabic language . </li></ul><ul><li>Arabic/Persian calligraphy is associated with geometric Islamic art ( arabesque ) on the walls and ceilings of mosques as well as on the page. Contemporary artists in the Islamic world draw on the heritage of calligraphy to use calligraphic inscriptions or abstractions in their work. </li></ul><ul><li>Instead of recalling something related to the reality of the spoken word, calligraphy for Muslims is a visible expression of the highest art of all, the art of the spiritual world. Calligraphy has arguably become the most venerated form of Islamic art because it provides a link between the languages of the Muslims with the religion of Islam. The holy book of Islam, al- Qur'an , has played an important role in the development and evolution of the Arabic language, and by extension, calligraphy in the Arabic alphabet. Proverbs and complete passages from the Qur'an are still active sources for Islamic calligraphy. </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Double Page from a Manuscript of the Qur'an, 14th century Egypt or Syria Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper Matted: 22 1/4 x 28 in. (56.5 x 71.1 cm) Los Angeles County Museum of Art, </li></ul>HOME
  29. 29. Western calligraphy <ul><li>Historical evolution : </li></ul><ul><li>Western calligraphy is recognizable by the use of the Roman alphabet . The alphabet came from the Phoenician , Greek , and Etruscan alphabets . The first Roman alphabet appeared about 600 BC , in Rome . About the first century we can see Roman square capitals carved on stones, Rustic capitals painted on walls, and Roman cursive for daily use. This trend continued into the second and third centuries using the Uncial , however writing withdrew to monasteries and was preserved there during the fourth and fifth centuries, when the Roman Empire finally fell and Europe entered the Dark Ages. </li></ul><ul><li>At the height of the Roman Empire its power reached as far as Great Britain, when the empire fell, its literary influence remained. The Semi-uncial generated the Irish Semi-uncial, the small Anglo-Saxon. In fact, each region seemed to have develop its own standards following the main monastery of the region (i.e. Merovingian script , Laon script, Luxeuil script , Visigothic script , Beneventan script ) which are mostly cursive and hardly readable. </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>The raising of the Carolingian Empire encouraged to set a new standardized script, developed by several famous monasteries ( Corbie Abbey , Beauvais ,...) around the eighth century, it's finally the script from Saint Martin de Tours which is set as the new Imperial standard, named the Carolingian script (or &quot;the Caroline&quot;). From the Carolingian powerful Empire, this standard also conquered neighbouring kingdoms. </li></ul><ul><li>About the seventh century, the Caroline evolved into the Gothic script , more cursive and for daily use. After the invention of Gutenberg ( 1455 ), the Gutenberg script spread across Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>In the sixteenth century, the rediscovery of old Carolingian texts encouraged the creation of the Antiqua script (about 1470). The seventeenth century saw the Batarde script from France, and the eighteenth century saw the English script spread across Europe and world by their books. </li></ul><ul><li>From this, hand written Latin calligraphy hasn't really changed. But we can notice that this evolution was accelerated by the printing press (Times New Roman) in the nineteenth century and by computer fonts in the late twentieth century. </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>Nowadays, computers allow an unskilled user to easily output dozens of scripts, but the result hasn't the same spontaneity that handwritten calligraphy has. </li></ul><ul><li>Features of Western Calligraphy and modern Western Calligraphy </li></ul><ul><li>Western calligraphy has some special features, such the illumination of the first letter of each page in medieval times, either by making it bigger, colored, and/or more complex. </li></ul><ul><li>As Chinese or Arabian calligraphies, western calligraphic script had strict rules and shapes. The quality of a text was according to the regularity of the letters, and the &quot;geometrical&quot; good order of the lines on the pages. Each character had, and still has, a precise stroke order . </li></ul><ul><li>Current Modern Western calligraphy have evolved into an art where creativity is paramount, allowing use of highly colored and/or cursive characters, while the sentences are commonly curves or crossing each other to add odd visual effects. </li></ul>
  32. 32. HOME
  33. 33. END OF WEBQUEST <ul><li>HOPE YOU ALL ENJOY THE LESSON AND SEE YOU AGAIN WITH OTHER INTERESTING </li></ul><ul><li>TOPICS!! </li></ul>

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