South Asia

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South Asia

  1. 1. South Asia <ul><li>Sub – continent </li></ul><ul><li>Two large nations- Pakistan and India. </li></ul><ul><li>Four smaller – Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Physical Setting. <ul><li>World highest mtns. Himalayas. 1,500 mls long. </li></ul><ul><li>Summer monsoons/mtns barriers. </li></ul><ul><li>Three major river systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Brahmaputra. </li></ul><ul><li>Ganges. </li></ul><ul><li>Indus. </li></ul>
  3. 3. South Asia - Physical Features <ul><li>Ganges Plain – Pakistan to Bangladesh. Very rich soil. </li></ul><ul><li>Deccan Plateau. Occupies most of the peninsula. Most people live along the coastal edges where the rainfall is heavy. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Early Civilization. <ul><li>The Indus Valley. </li></ul><ul><li>3,000B.C. Mohenjo Daro and Harappa. </li></ul><ul><li>Various waves of conquerors came through the Khyber Pass. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Development Of Hinduism <ul><li>3,0000 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Brahma – The Creator. </li></ul><ul><li>Vishnu – The Preserver. </li></ul><ul><li>Shiva – The Destroyer. </li></ul><ul><li>Reincarnation. </li></ul><ul><li>Karma – A persons actions, determine reincarnation. </li></ul><ul><li>Dharma – Duties one owes to family and caste. </li></ul><ul><li>Caste – rigid social grouping dictating ones rank and position and occupation. </li></ul><ul><li>90% of Indians are Hindus </li></ul>
  6. 6. Hindu Religion and Caste <ul><li>Created a stable and society for centuries. </li></ul><ul><li>Caste was one’s lot in their reincarnation. </li></ul><ul><li>Brahmin – Priests. </li></ul><ul><li>Warriors. </li></ul><ul><li>Merchants and farmers. </li></ul><ul><li>Laborers. </li></ul><ul><li>The Untouchables – prohibited contact with others and given most distasteful tasks. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Sikhism <ul><li>Sikhism in the 15 th century combined elements of Hindu and Islamic beliefs. </li></ul><ul><li>Monotheism/equality of all men. </li></ul><ul><li>Became a military brotherhood. </li></ul><ul><li>Seek independence for Punjab province. North west India. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Religions
  9. 9. People <ul><li>Population – 919 million. World’s second largest. </li></ul><ul><li>14 Languages. 1,000 dialects. </li></ul><ul><li>Hindi official language. (English) </li></ul><ul><li>74% live in rural villages. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Country at a Glance. Asain Population
  11. 11. Mohandus Gandhi. (1869 -1948) <ul><li>Stressed moral and spiritual strengths of India over materialism of West. </li></ul><ul><li>Advocated passive non-violence resistance to British rule. </li></ul><ul><li>Equal right for all people. </li></ul><ul><li>United Indian nation first. Religion second. </li></ul>
  12. 12. British Colonial Rule <ul><li>By 18 th century British began to rule India. </li></ul><ul><li>1858 Sepoy Rebellion. India part of British Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Divide and conquer.” </li></ul><ul><li>Used Hindu (Karma) (Dharma) loyalty. </li></ul><ul><li>20 th century. India wants independence. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Effects of WWII. <ul><li>End of Western Imperialism. </li></ul><ul><li>Gandhi main campaign. </li></ul><ul><li>1947 Independence to Hindu India. And Eastern and Western sections of Muslim Pakistan. </li></ul><ul><li>1947 Burma (Myanmar) granted independence. British controlled to block French expansion. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Pakistan and Bangladesh. <ul><li>Two sections of Pakistan separated by 1,000 miles of Indian territory. </li></ul><ul><li>Different geography, economies, interpretation of Islamic Law. </li></ul><ul><li>East Pakistan refuses to pay taxes to central government. </li></ul><ul><li>West Pakistan sent in troops - civil war. </li></ul><ul><li>India entered war to support Bangladesh. </li></ul><ul><li>1972. Bangladesh granted independence. </li></ul>

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