Criminology Power Point 1


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Criminology Power Point 1

  1. 1. Criminology The scientific study of the causes and prevention of crime and the rehabilitation and punishment of offenders
  2. 2. Crimionology <ul><li>Is the interdisciplinary study of the causes of crime and of criminal motivation. </li></ul><ul><li>It combines the academic disciplines of sociology, psychology, biology, economics, and political science. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What gives rise to ciminality? <ul><li>Criminologist explore the mind of the offender and the social and economic conditions which give rise to criminality. </li></ul><ul><li>Why do people commit crimes? </li></ul><ul><li>Why are they deviant? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Possible explanations for “why people commit crimes?” <ul><li>Violence in the media? Gangsta rap </li></ul><ul><li>Biological? It is in the genes </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological? </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental? </li></ul><ul><li>Learned behavior? </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty? </li></ul><ul><li>Drug abuse? </li></ul><ul><li>Physical abuse? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Crime vs Deviant behavior <ul><li>A crime is an act committed in violation of a criminal statute with no legal justification or defense. </li></ul><ul><li>Deviant behavior is not always a crime. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Deviance <ul><li>A violation of social norms defining appropriate or proper behavior under a particular set of circumstances. </li></ul><ul><li>Deviance often includes criminal acts. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Measurement of Crime <ul><li>Sources of crime data included: </li></ul><ul><li>The Uniform Crime Reports (UCR). </li></ul><ul><li>The National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). </li></ul><ul><li>The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS). </li></ul><ul><li>Self Report Data (SRD) </li></ul><ul><li>The National Youth Survey (NYS) </li></ul><ul><li>The Crime Classification System (CCS) </li></ul><ul><li>The National Criminal History Improvement Program (NCVS) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Characteristics of Offenders <ul><li>Age -most crimes are committed by people under age 25. </li></ul><ul><li>Race and Ethnicity -most arrestees are white </li></ul><ul><li>Gender - In 2003 men accounted for 76.8% of all arrests. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Characteristics of Victims <ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Race and Ethnicity </li></ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>The relationships between the offender and the victim. About 1/3 of all victims knew their assailant. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Criminal Justice Systems and Crime Victims <ul><li>The criminal justice systems’ reaction to some crime victims means they are victimized twice. </li></ul><ul><li>Victims are blamed for the crime. </li></ul><ul><li>Some victims claim the justice system favors the defendant. There are no protections for the victim. </li></ul><ul><li>Media can also play a role in the second victimization of a victim (especially a victim of sexual assault). </li></ul>