Geography Terms Power Point

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Geography Terms Power Point

  1. 1. Geography Terms
  2. 2. What am I?
  3. 3. Plains- a large flat area of land
  4. 4. What am I?
  5. 5. Lagoon-A body of water cut off from a larger body of water by a reef
  6. 6. What am I?
  7. 7. <ul><li>Equator – an imaginary line that runs around the center of Earth, halfway between the North Pole and the South Poles at 0 degrees latitude </li></ul>
  8. 8. What am I?
  9. 9. <ul><li>Absolute Location – description of a place using grid coordinates latitude and longitude </li></ul>
  10. 10. What am I?
  11. 11. <ul><li>Arctic Circle – a line of latitude that runs through northern North America, northern Asia, and northern Europe (66.5 degrees N latitude) </li></ul>
  12. 12. What am I?
  13. 13. <ul><li>Artesian Basin – land formed by underground water </li></ul>
  14. 14. What am I?
  15. 15. <ul><li>Atoll – a circular reef formed when coral grows around an island, and that island sinks beneath the surface of the sea, partially surrounding a lagoon </li></ul>
  16. 16. What am I?
  17. 17. <ul><li>Bar Scale – a graphic that compares the distance on a map to the actual distance it represents, as in one centimeter equals 100 kilometers </li></ul>
  18. 18. What am I?
  19. 19. <ul><li>Strait – A narrow channel joining two larger bodies of water </li></ul>
  20. 20. What am I?
  21. 21. <ul><li>Sea – a body of salt water that is part of an ocean, yet is partially enclosed by land </li></ul>
  22. 22. What am I?
  23. 23. <ul><li>Mesa – a flat-topped hill with steep sides, larger than a column of rock </li></ul>
  24. 24. What am I?
  25. 25. <ul><li>Inset Map – a small map set within the border of a larger one: also called a locator map </li></ul>
  26. 26. What am I?
  27. 27. <ul><li>Dunes – a mound or ridge of windblown sand </li></ul>
  28. 28. What am I?
  29. 29. <ul><li>Canadian Shield – a U-shaped region of ancient rock that curves around the Hudson Bay; southern part of the shield is thick with forests and the northern part is tundra </li></ul>
  30. 30. What am I?
  31. 31. <ul><li>Canal – a waterway DUG across land through which ships can pass </li></ul>
  32. 32. What am I?
  33. 33. <ul><li>Archipelago – a group of islands </li></ul>
  34. 34. What am I?
  35. 35. <ul><li>Cape – a point of land that extends into a sea or an ocean </li></ul>
  36. 36. What am I?
  37. 37. <ul><li>Cardinal Directions – the directions of north (N), south (S), east (E), and west (W) </li></ul>
  38. 38. What am I?
  39. 39. <ul><li>Plateau – a flat-topped hill with steep sides; larger than a mesa </li></ul>
  40. 40. What am I?
  41. 41. <ul><li>Compass Rose – a directional arrow that shows cardinal and sometimes intermediate directions on a map </li></ul>
  42. 42. What am I?
  43. 43. <ul><li>Coordinates – the latitude and longitude address of a place on a map </li></ul>
  44. 44. What am I?
  45. 45. <ul><li>Cultural Map – A map that shows patterns of ethnic groups, religious practices, languages spoken, educational levels, and recreational choices </li></ul>
  46. 46. What am I?
  47. 47. <ul><li>Physical Map – a map that shows natural landforms and waterways on Earth’s surface </li></ul>
  48. 48. What am I?
  49. 49. <ul><li>Delta – a triangular deposit of sand and soil that collects at the mouth of some rivers </li></ul>
  50. 50. What am I?
  51. 51. <ul><li>Desert – a dry region with little or no rainfall </li></ul>
  52. 52. What am I?
  53. 53. <ul><li>Harbor – a safe area of water where ships can dock or anchor safely </li></ul>
  54. 54. What am I?
  55. 55. <ul><li>Elevation – the height of the land above sea level </li></ul>
  56. 56. What am I?
  57. 57. <ul><li>Channel – a narrow deep waterway connecting two bodies of water OR the deepest part of a river or waterway </li></ul>
  58. 58. What am I?
  59. 59. <ul><li>Erg – a vast sea of land that appears to have no end </li></ul>
  60. 60. What am I?
  61. 61. <ul><li>Peninsula – a portion of land surrounded on three sides by water </li></ul>
  62. 62. What am I?
  63. 63. <ul><li>Geographic Grid – the intersecting pattern formed by the lines of latitude an longitude </li></ul>
  64. 64. What am I?
  65. 65. <ul><li>Grid – a pattern of lines that forms squares </li></ul>
  66. 66. What am I?
  67. 67. <ul><li>Gulf – a large area of ocean that is partly surrounded by land; like the Gulf of Mexico shown on the left of the previous slide </li></ul>
  68. 68. What am I?
  69. 69. <ul><li>History Map – a map that shows places or events from the past: historical map </li></ul>
  70. 70. What am I?
  71. 71. <ul><li>Intermediate Directions – directions of northeast (NE), southeast (SE), northwest (NW), and southwest (SW), that are in between or in the middle of the cardinal directions </li></ul>
  72. 72. What am I?
  73. 73. <ul><li>International Borders – a border between two or more countries </li></ul>
  74. 74. What am I?
  75. 75. <ul><li>Isthmus – a narrow strip of land with water on each side that connects two larger bodies of land </li></ul>
  76. 76. What am I?
  77. 77. <ul><li>Geopolitical Map – a map that shows political and physical features on one map (landforms and boundaries for examples) </li></ul>
  78. 78. What am I?
  79. 79. <ul><li>Lines of Latitude or Parallel Lines – imaginary lines on earth that run parallel to the Equator and each other: they run east to west but measure the distances between places in degrees of North and South </li></ul>
  80. 80. What am I?
  81. 81. <ul><li>Legend (key) – a list that explains the symbols shown on a map </li></ul>
  82. 82. What am I?
  83. 83. <ul><li>Lines of Longitude or Meridian Lines – imaginary lines on Earth that run North to South but measure distances on Earth in degrees of East and West of the Prime meridian: these lines meet at the North and South Poles </li></ul>
  84. 84. What am I?
  85. 85. <ul><li>Political Map – a map that shows human-made features and boundaries such as cities, highways, and countries </li></ul>
  86. 86. What am I?
  87. 87. <ul><li>Port – a harbor where ships can dock or anchor safely </li></ul>
  88. 88. What am I?
  89. 89. <ul><li>Mental Map – a map a person pictures in his or her mind </li></ul>
  90. 90. What am I?
  91. 91. <ul><li>Mountain – any point of land that rises quickly to at least 1,000 feet above its surroundings </li></ul>
  92. 92. What am I?
  93. 93. <ul><li>Mountain Peak – the summit or highest point of a mountain </li></ul>
  94. 94. What am I?
  95. 95. <ul><li>Mountain Range – a group or chain of mountains </li></ul>
  96. 96. What am I? One is behind the other.
  97. 97. <ul><li>Mountain System – a group of mountain ranges </li></ul>
  98. 98. What am I?
  99. 99. <ul><li>Elevation Map – a map that shows the range of height above sea level </li></ul>
  100. 100. What am I?
  101. 101. <ul><li>Oasis – a place in the desert where there is a source of water and where plants grow </li></ul>
  102. 102. What am I?
  103. 103. <ul><li>Tributary – small river(s) or stream(s) that flow into a larger river </li></ul>
  104. 104. What am I?
  105. 105. <ul><li>Relative Location – a description of a place using the relation of one place to another </li></ul>
  106. 106. What am I?
  107. 107. <ul><li>River System – a river and the smaller streams that supply water to the river </li></ul>
  108. 108. What am I?
  109. 109. <ul><li>Road Map – a map that indicates cities, highways, and points of interest and shows you how to get from one place to another </li></ul>
  110. 110. What am I?
  111. 111. <ul><li>Source – the place where a river begins </li></ul>
  112. 112. What am I?
  113. 113. <ul><li>Swamp – a wetland with trees, many plants, and animals </li></ul>
  114. 114. What am I?
  115. 115. <ul><li>Sand Sea – a large area covered by sand and dunes </li></ul>
  116. 116. What am I?
  117. 117. <ul><li>Basin – land drained by a river </li></ul>
  118. 118. What am I?
  119. 119. <ul><li>Contiguous – sharing an edge or boundary; touching </li></ul>
  120. 120. What am I?
  121. 121. <ul><li>Mouth – the part of a river where it empties into another body of water </li></ul>
  122. 122. What am I?
  123. 123. <ul><li>Valley – the flat land between hills or mountains </li></ul>
  124. 124. What am I?
  125. 125. <ul><li>Prime Meridian – an imaginary line that runs from the north Pole to the South Pole of Earth at 0 degrees longitude </li></ul>
  126. 126. What am I?
  127. 127. <ul><li>Island – land surrounded on all sides by water </li></ul>
  128. 128. What am I?
  129. 129. <ul><li>Marsh – a wetland that has few plants and animals </li></ul>
  130. 130. What am I?
  131. 131. <ul><li>Volcano – a mountain of molten rock and lava that can overflow if it heats </li></ul>

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