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Major  50  Fires & Explosions 1983 to 2003 Pillai Sreejith [email_address]
Abbreviations used: <ul><li>VCE -Vapour Cloud Explosion </li></ul><ul><li>BLEVE: Boiling Liquid Evaporating Vapour explosi...
Major Fire / Explosion 1  <ul><li>Date:  7.1.1983 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  New York port, NJ, USA </li></ul><ul><li>Ch...
Major Fire / Explosion 2 <ul><li>Date:  30.08.1983 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Milford Haven, Refinery, U.K. </li></ul><u...
Major Fire / Explosion 3  <ul><li>Date:  19.11.1984 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  LPG Depot, San Juanico, Mexico </li></ul>...
Major Fire / Explosion 4  <ul><li>Date:  24.2.1986 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Oil terminal, Thessalonilca, Greece </li><...
Major Fire / Explosion 5 <ul><li>Date:  April 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Storage Terminal, Usan, South Korea </li><...
Major Fire / Explosion 6 <ul><li>Date:  April 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Refinery, Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>Chem...
Major Fire / Explosion 7  <ul><li>Date:  May 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Storage Terminal, Saraland, USA </li></ul><...
Major Fire / Explosion 8 <ul><li>Date:  May 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Refinery, Sardinia, Italy </li></ul><ul><li>...
Major Fire / Explosion 9  <ul><li>Date:  May 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Refinery, Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical...
Major Fire / Explosion 10  <ul><li>Date:  May 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Storage Terminal, Kuwait </li></ul><ul><li...
Major Fire / Explosion 11  <ul><li>Date:  May 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Tokyo, Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical in...
Major Fire / Explosion 12 <ul><li>Date:  June1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Storage Depot., Lyon, France </li></ul><ul>...
Major Fire / Explosion 13  <ul><li>Date:  2.6.1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Shell Depot, Port Edoward, Herriot, France...
Major Fire / Explosion 14  <ul><li>Date:  11.6.1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Refinery, Dalmeny, Grangemouth </li></ul>...
Major Fire / Explosion 15  <ul><li>Date:  Aug 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Philadelphia, USA </li></ul><ul><li>Chemic...
Major Fire / Explosion 16  <ul><li>Date:  Oct 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Plastic plant, Tray Ohio, USA </li></ul><u...
Major Fire / Explosion 17  <ul><li>Date:  Dec. 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Refinery, Mumbai </li></ul><ul><li>Chemic...
Major Fire / Explosion 18 <ul><li>Date:  Dec.1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Chemical Plant, Basle, Switzerland </li></u...
Major Fire / Explosion 19 <ul><li>Date:  02.01.1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Floreffe, Pensylvania </li></ul><ul><li>C...
Major Fire / Explosion 20 <ul><li>Date:  April 1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Petrochemical Plant, Jubail, Saudi Arabia...
Major Fire / Explosion 21 <ul><li>Date:  May 1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Storage Terminal, Chihuahua City, Mexico </...
Major Fire / Explosion 22 <ul><li>Date:  June 1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Storage Terminal, Sines, Portugal </li></u...
Major Fire / Explosion 23 <ul><li>Date:  15.06.1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Fertilizer Plant, Genoa, Italy </li></ul>...
Major Fire / Explosion 24 <ul><li>Date:  23.06.1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Storage Terminal, Mexico </li></ul><ul><l...
Major Fire / Explosion 25 <ul><li>Date:  16.07.1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Refinery, California </li></ul><ul><li>Ch...
Major Fire / Explosion 26 <ul><li>Date:  23.10.1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Electronics Industry, Sunnywale, Californ...
Major Fire / Explosion 27 <ul><li>Date:  25.10.1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Refinery, Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>Che...
Major Fire / Explosion 28 <ul><li>Date:  09.01.1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Refinery, Mahul, Mumbai </li></ul><ul><li...
Major Fire / Explosion 29 <ul><li>Date:  17.01.1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Fertlizer Plant, Bhatinda, Punjab </li></...
Major Fire / Explosion 30 <ul><li>Date:  20.03.1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Fertilizer Plant, Janova, Lithuania </li>...
Major Fire / Explosion 31 <ul><li>Date:  22.03.1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Storage terminal, Sulfam Voe, U.K. </li><...
Major Fire / Explosion 32 <ul><li>Date:  26.03.1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Refinery, Porvoo, Finland </li></ul><ul><...
Major Fire / Explosion 33 <ul><li>Date:  30.06.1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Power Station, Puerto Ayacuho, Venezuela ...
Major Fire / Explosion 34 <ul><li>Date:  26.08.1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Refinery,Bahrain  </li></ul><ul><li>Chemi...
Major Fire / Explosion 35 <ul><li>Date:  17.10.1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Storage Terminal, Rotterdam </li></ul><ul...
Major Fire / Explosion 36 <ul><li>Date:  29.05.1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Refinery, Vishakapatinam </li></ul><ul><l...
Major Fire / Explosion 37 <ul><li>Date:  11.07.1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  ONGC, Mehsana, Gujarat </li></ul><ul><li>...
Major Fire / Explosion 38 <ul><li>Date:  21.08.1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Tank terminal, Coodee Island, Australia <...
Major Fire / Explosion 39 <ul><li>Date:  02.11.1994 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Tank Depot, Dronka, Egypt </li></ul><ul><...
Major Fire / Explosion 40 <ul><li>Date:  08.04.1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Barouch </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involv...
Major Fire / Explosion 41 <ul><li>Date:  04.08.1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Refinery, Baroda </li></ul><ul><li>Chemic...
Major Fire / Explosion 42 <ul><li>Date:  31.12.1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Pharmaceutical factory, Mohali, Chandigar...
Major Fire / Explosion 43 <ul><li>Date:  05.01.1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Petroleum Company, Manesar, India </li></...
Major Fire / Explosion 44 <ul><li>Date:  10.02.1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Thane </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved...
Major Fire / Explosion 45 <ul><li>Date:  09.09.1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Refinery, Digboi </li></ul><ul><li>Chemic...
Major Fire / Explosion 46 <ul><li>Date:  24.09.1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Fertilizer Plant, Rourkela </li></ul><ul>...
Major Fire / Explosion 47 <ul><li>Date:  20.07.1997 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Refinery, Haldia </li></ul><ul><li>Chemic...
Major Fire / Explosion 48 <ul><li>Date:  07.10.1997 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Refinery, Gujarat </li></ul><ul><li>Chemi...
Major Fire / Explosion 49 <ul><li>Date:  07.03.2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Refinery, Digboi, Assam </li></ul><ul><li...
Major Fire / Explosion 50 <ul><li>Date:  09.04.2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Location:  Fertilizer Plant, Paradep,Orissa </li></u...
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Major 50 Fires & Explosions

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Major 50 Fires & Explosions

  1. 1. Major 50 Fires & Explosions 1983 to 2003 Pillai Sreejith [email_address]
  2. 2. Abbreviations used: <ul><li>VCE -Vapour Cloud Explosion </li></ul><ul><li>BLEVE: Boiling Liquid Evaporating Vapour explosion </li></ul><ul><li>DNA - Details Not Available </li></ul><ul><li>FLR- Floating Roof Tank </li></ul><ul><li>Pr - Pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Fr-Fixed Roof tank </li></ul><ul><li>Exp - Explosion </li></ul><ul><li>NA- Not Applicable </li></ul><ul><li>GL - Ground Level </li></ul><ul><li>NK- Not Known </li></ul><ul><li>ff -Fire Fighting </li></ul>
  3. 3. Major Fire / Explosion 1 <ul><li>Date: 7.1.1983 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: New York port, NJ, USA </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Gasoline </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FLR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: VCE </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: NK </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 1d/0i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: 40.3 Million USD </li></ul>
  4. 4. Major Fire / Explosion 2 <ul><li>Date: 30.08.1983 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Milford Haven, Refinery, U.K. </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Crude Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FLR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire / Boil Over </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Crack in the roof allowed vapours to get ignited by carbon particles from flare </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: 15 h </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: Insufficient foam </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 0d/2i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: 17.3 Million USD </li></ul>
  5. 5. Major Fire / Explosion 3 <ul><li>Date: 19.11.1984 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: LPG Depot, San Juanico, Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: LPG </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: Pr. Vessel </li></ul><ul><li>Event: VCE /BLEVE /Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Leak from 12” pipeline ignited by GL flare </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: 8 h </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: Nil </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 650d/20000i/200000e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: 22.5 Million USD </li></ul>
  6. 6. Major Fire / Explosion 4 <ul><li>Date: 24.2.1986 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Oil terminal, Thessalonilca, Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Crude Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FLR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: VCE /Exp/Boil Over </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Hot work in bund area ignited oil spillage </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: 168h </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: Burn back of flame in area extinguished by foam </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: Nil </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  7. 7. Major Fire / Explosion 5 <ul><li>Date: April 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Storage Terminal, Usan, South Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Exp. </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: Nil </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 14d/12i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  8. 8. Major Fire / Explosion 6 <ul><li>Date: April 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Refinery, Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: Nil </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  9. 9. Major Fire / Explosion 7 <ul><li>Date: May 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Storage Terminal, Saraland, USA </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire /Exp. </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 2d/3i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  10. 10. Major Fire / Explosion 8 <ul><li>Date: May 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Refinery, Sardinia, Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Gasoline </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: Gas </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Soldering iron ignited during maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 0d/3i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  11. 11. Major Fire / Explosion 9 <ul><li>Date: May 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Refinery, Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Gas Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Exp. </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Lightning </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 0d/0i/3000e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  12. 12. Major Fire / Explosion 10 <ul><li>Date: May 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Storage Terminal, Kuwait </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: LPG </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Sabotage </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: Nil </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  13. 13. Major Fire / Explosion 11 <ul><li>Date: May 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Tokyo, Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Fuel Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Exp. </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Unsafe maintenance act </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 3d/6i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  14. 14. Major Fire / Explosion 12 <ul><li>Date: June1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Storage Depot., Lyon, France </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Gasoilne </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FLR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Exp./Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 2d/16i/00e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: 12 Million Franc </li></ul>
  15. 15. Major Fire / Explosion 13 <ul><li>Date: 2.6.1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Shell Depot, Port Edoward, Herriot, France </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Flammable Liquid </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire /Exp./Boil Over </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Welding Machine ignited flammable spray </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: 32 h </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: Inadequate foam / lack of heavy duty equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 2d/8i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  16. 16. Major Fire / Explosion 14 <ul><li>Date: 11.6.1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Refinery, Dalmeny, Grangemouth </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Flammable Liquids </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Sludge with flash point less than 1 C ignited by a cigarette </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: 32 h </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: Inadequate foam / lack of heavy duty equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 2d/8i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  17. 17. Major Fire / Explosion 15 <ul><li>Date: Aug 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Philadelphia, USA </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Gasoline </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FLR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Lightning </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: 24000 barrels burnt </li></ul>
  18. 18. Major Fire / Explosion 16 <ul><li>Date: Oct 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Plastic plant, Tray Ohio, USA </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Molten Polymer </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire /Exp. </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 1d/10i/00e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  19. 19. Major Fire / Explosion 17 <ul><li>Date: Dec. 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Refinery, Mumbai </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Crude Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FLR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: Nil </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  20. 20. Major Fire / Explosion 18 <ul><li>Date: Dec.1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Chemical Plant, Basle, Switzerland </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Ethylene Oxide </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire / Exp. </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Material Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 0d/6i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  21. 21. Major Fire / Explosion 19 <ul><li>Date: 02.01.1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Floreffe, Pensylvania </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Tank shifted 100’ away & spillage went to river </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Rupture of tank due to low temp embitterment & ignited by welding equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: NA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: NA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: nil </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  22. 22. Major Fire / Explosion 20 <ul><li>Date: April 1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Petrochemical Plant, Jubail, Saudi Arabia </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Ethylene </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Missile Attack </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: 1 week </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 0d/0i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  23. 23. Major Fire / Explosion 21 <ul><li>Date: May 1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Storage Terminal, Chihuahua City, Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Gasoline </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Exp. </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Electrical Short Circuit </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 0d/0i/150000e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: USD 0.5 Million </li></ul>
  24. 24. Major Fire / Explosion 22 <ul><li>Date: June 1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Storage Terminal, Sines, Portugal </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Fuel Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Exp./Fire / Roof Blowing </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: NK </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: Flying roof fell on firemen </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 02d/03i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  25. 25. Major Fire / Explosion 23 <ul><li>Date: 15.06.1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Fertilizer Plant, Genoa, Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Hydrogen </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: Pr. Vessel </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Exp. </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: NK </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: NK </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: NA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 02d/02i/15000e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  26. 26. Major Fire / Explosion 24 <ul><li>Date: 23.06.1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Storage Terminal, Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Gasoline </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Exp. </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Sparks of soldering iron ignited overfilled contents through corroded roof </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 04d/14i/10000e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: USD 3 Million </li></ul>
  27. 27. Major Fire / Explosion 25 <ul><li>Date: 16.07.1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Refinery, California </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Hydrogen Peroxide </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Exp. /Spillage of 600 BBL </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Sparks welding torch </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: NA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: Crew built dykes for containment </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 01d/05i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  28. 28. Major Fire / Explosion 26 <ul><li>Date: 23.10.1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Electronics Industry, Sunnywale, California, USA </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Silane Gas </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Auto Ignition </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: Fire continued till product is consumed </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 0d/04i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  29. 29. Major Fire / Explosion 27 <ul><li>Date: 25.10.1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Refinery, Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Naphtha </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FLR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: NK </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: 5 days </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: Mutual Aid sought from govt. & industries </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: Nil </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: USD 8 Million </li></ul>
  30. 30. Major Fire / Explosion 28 <ul><li>Date: 09.01.1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Refinery, Mahul, Mumbai </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Naphtha </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FLR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Exp/fire/roof blowing </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Pipeline burst </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 12d/40i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  31. 31. Major Fire / Explosion 29 <ul><li>Date: 17.01.1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Fertlizer Plant, Bhatinda, Punjab </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Ammonia </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Gas leak & Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Not Known </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 0d/500i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  32. 32. Major Fire / Explosion 30 <ul><li>Date: 20.03.1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Fertilizer Plant, Janova, Lithuania </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Ammonia </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: Refrigerated storage </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire / Toxic release </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: NH3 vapour pressure increased and tank burst due to NH3 compressor failure </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: 12 h for tank fire & 72 h for fertilizer plant </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: NA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 07d/57i/3000e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  33. 33. Major Fire / Explosion 31 <ul><li>Date: 22.03.1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Storage terminal, Sulfam Voe, U.K. </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Crude Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FLR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Lightning </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: Nil </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  34. 34. Major Fire / Explosion 32 <ul><li>Date: 26.03.1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Refinery, Porvoo, Finland </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Hexane </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: Floating chamber storage tank </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Not Known </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: Nil </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  35. 35. Major Fire / Explosion 33 <ul><li>Date: 30.06.1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Power Station, Puerto Ayacuho, Venezuela </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Fuel Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire / Boil Over </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: Nil </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  36. 36. Major Fire / Explosion 34 <ul><li>Date: 26.08.1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Refinery,Bahrain </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Petroleum Products </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Improper maintenance work </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 0d/03i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  37. 37. Major Fire / Explosion 35 <ul><li>Date: 17.10.1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Storage Terminal, Rotterdam </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Acrylonitrile </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Explosion </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Improper maintenance work </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  38. 38. Major Fire / Explosion 36 <ul><li>Date: 29.05.1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Refinery, Vishakapatinam </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Naphtha </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FLR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Lightning strike </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: 1 hour </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: though Halon acted, foam and portable fire extinguishers also were used </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 08d/0i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: approx. 55 lakhs </li></ul>
  39. 39. Major Fire / Explosion 37 <ul><li>Date: 11.07.1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: ONGC, Mehsana, Gujarat </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Crude Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire / Roof & shell were blown out </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: lightning strike (tank not earthed) </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: 2 ½ h </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 01d/0i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: Rs. 1 crore </li></ul>
  40. 40. Major Fire / Explosion 38 <ul><li>Date: 21.08.1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Tank terminal, Coodee Island, Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Acrylonitrile </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Lifting of tanks from base & bund, pool fires, tank explosion </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: NK </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: NK </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: NK </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 0d/0i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: USD 24 million </li></ul>
  41. 41. Major Fire / Explosion 39 <ul><li>Date: 02.11.1994 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Tank Depot, Dronka, Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Aviation / Diesel </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Blazing liquid flowed into village </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Lightning </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: NK </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: NK </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: NK </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: NK </li></ul>
  42. 42. Major Fire / Explosion 40 <ul><li>Date: 08.04.1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Barouch </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Impure Methanol </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire & Explosion </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Pyrophoric iron </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 0d/0i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  43. 43. Major Fire / Explosion 41 <ul><li>Date: 04.08.1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Refinery, Baroda </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Motor Spirit / Petrol </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FLR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire / Fire Ball </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Ineffective spark arrestor provided </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: 27 h </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: Intense fire did not allow people to go near the dyke </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: Nil </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: NK </li></ul>
  44. 44. Major Fire / Explosion 42 <ul><li>Date: 31.12.1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Pharmaceutical factory, Mohali, Chandigarh </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Toulene / HCL </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Static Electricity </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: 3 ½ h </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: Nil </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: Nil </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: Rs. 3.25 crores </li></ul>
  45. 45. Major Fire / Explosion 43 <ul><li>Date: 05.01.1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Petroleum Company, Manesar, India </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Acid </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Explosion </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Clogging of filter </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: NA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: NA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 0d/3i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  46. 46. Major Fire / Explosion 44 <ul><li>Date: 10.02.1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Thane </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Furnace Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire & Explosion </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Overheating of coils due to low oil level </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 0d/0i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  47. 47. Major Fire / Explosion 45 <ul><li>Date: 09.09.1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Refinery, Digboi </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Crude Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Flash fire through storm water drain </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Spark from nearby hutment </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 0d/0i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  48. 48. Major Fire / Explosion 46 <ul><li>Date: 24.09.1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Fertilizer Plant, Rourkela </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Naphtha </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FLR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 1d/2i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: DNA </li></ul>
  49. 49. Major Fire / Explosion 47 <ul><li>Date: 20.07.1997 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Refinery, Haldia </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Crude </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FLR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Tank rim fire </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Lightning </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 0d/0i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: Approximately Rs. 5 lakhs </li></ul>
  50. 50. Major Fire / Explosion 48 <ul><li>Date: 07.10.1997 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Refinery, Gujarat </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Naphtha </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FLR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Smoke / Fire from the tank roof </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Pyrophoric iron </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: Foam used, mutual aid assistance from neighboring industries called in for help </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: 0d/0i/0e </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: Approximately Rs. 5 lakhs </li></ul>
  51. 51. Major Fire / Explosion 49 <ul><li>Date: 07.03.2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Refinery, Digboi, Assam </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Motor Spirit / Petrol </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FLR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Terrorism </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: 60 h </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: Fire fighting hampered due to collapse of floating roof and partial tank shell </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: Nil </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: Rs. 11.25 crores </li></ul>
  52. 52. Major Fire / Explosion 50 <ul><li>Date: 09.04.2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Fertilizer Plant, Paradep,Orissa </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical involved: Phosphoric Acid </li></ul><ul><li>Type of tank: FR </li></ul><ul><li>Event: Explosion </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Fire: Pressurization of tank due to generation of Hydrogen due to reaction between Phosphoric acid and steel </li></ul><ul><li>Time taken to fight fire: NA </li></ul><ul><li>Problems faced in ff: NA </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths /Injuries/Evacuated: Nil </li></ul><ul><li>Property loss: Rs. 4 crores </li></ul>
  53. 53. Thank you!! [email_address]

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