Palsy

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Palsy

  1. 1. By Ji Yoon Kim, Mitchell Mountain, Lydia Heter, and Kaitlyn Patterson
  2. 2. <ul><li>Bell’s Palsy is a disease that causes the facial muscles to become weak or paralyzed </li></ul><ul><li>It is not permanent </li></ul><ul><li>It is caused by trauma to the 7 th cranial nerve </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Temporarily weakened or paralysis of one side of the face. </li></ul><ul><li>Causes trouble smiling or closing the eye </li></ul><ul><li>Pain on the affected side of the face </li></ul><ul><li>Headaches and loss of taste also occur </li></ul><ul><li>Bell’s Palsy also affects the amount of tears and saliva that your body produces </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The nerve that controls your facial muscles runs through a small bone. When this nerve becomes swollen due to a virus it gets pinched in this small bone and cannot connect correctly to the brain causing paralysis. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Bell’s Palsy affects about .02% of the world or 1 in every 5000 people </li></ul><ul><li>It effects 40,000 Americans every year </li></ul><ul><li>It effects ages 15 to 45 most commonly </li></ul><ul><li>It also tends to effect those with weakened immune systems </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Affects one side of the face by paralyzing nerves </li></ul><ul><li>Affects the body very quickly </li></ul><ul><li>People generally wake up to the full extent of Bell’s palsy or have symptoms leading up to him </li></ul><ul><li>Full paralysis may occur anytime from the first day symptoms appear to two weeks after </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Bell’s Palsy is a temporary paralysis of the facial muscles </li></ul><ul><li>It can last anywhere from a couple of weeks to up to 8 months </li></ul><ul><li>Most people who have it make a full recovery </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Ramsey Hunt’s disease is similar to Bell’s Palsy </li></ul><ul><li>Except in Ramsey Hunt’s disease, the virus has been identified </li></ul><ul><li>The virus is called the Varicella Zoster Virus </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Protection of the eye during bedtime </li></ul><ul><li>75% of patients with Bell’s palsy improve without treatment. </li></ul><ul><li>Face massage can keep facial muscles from contracting. </li></ul><ul><li>In extremely rare cases of Bell’s palsy may recommended the surgery. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Steroid Medications – reduce inflammation </li></ul><ul><li>Antiviral Medications – acyclovir </li></ul><ul><li>Analgesics or moist heat – relieve pain </li></ul><ul><li>Physical therapy to stimulate facial nerve </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Yes, there is a cure for Bell’s Palsy. It is most often a temporary condition where the 7 th facial nerves are put under pressure. Usually it will cure itself after a few weeks or a month at most. Facial massages help to keep the facial muscles in good tone. Acupuncture treatment will also help, but it depends on what has caused the paralysis. </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>http://www.med.nyu.edu/patientcare/library/article.html?ChunkIID=22491 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/bells-palsy/DS00168/DSECTION=2 </li></ul><ul><li>http://home.hccnet.nl/rde.bruin/Bell1.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.aafp.org/afp/20071001/afp20071001p997-f2.gif </li></ul>

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