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Birth Control Pills & The Pharmacy2


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Published in: Health & Medicine
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Birth Control Pills & The Pharmacy2

  1. 1. Marvin Battley Kenneth Cunningham
  2. 2. Contents 1. Birth Control 2. Refusal & The Law 3. Role Of Pharmacy 4. The Future Of Pharmacy
  3. 3. Hot Fact: Did You Know? <ul><ul><li>More than 18 million women in the United States rely on birth control pills. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Birth Control : Brief History <ul><li>Birth control pills are a combination </li></ul><ul><li>of estrogen and progestin, taken </li></ul><ul><li>by mouth to inhibit normal fertility. </li></ul><ul><li>Since the emergence in 1960, birth control pills </li></ul><ul><li>has been the most widely used form </li></ul><ul><li>of contraception in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Until 1972 due to the 27 th Amendment, birth control pills was only available to married women & women older than 21. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Birth Control : How Does It Work? 1 To Inhibit Ovulation- prevents ovulation by progestogenic and estrogenic suppression in which a projected ovulation is simply blocked and does not occur. 3 Shrivel the lining of the uterus- hardens the lining of the uterus that makes it hostile to implantation 2 Thickens the Cervical Mucous- provides something of a natural barrier to the passage of sperm into the uterus so it won‘t unite with egg. Birth control pills has three mechanisms:
  6. 6. Birth Control : Plan B <ul><li>Plan B or “The Morning-After Pill” is </li></ul><ul><li>an emergency contraception that works </li></ul><ul><li>to prevent pregnancy by halting the release </li></ul><ul><li>of an egg from the ovary. </li></ul><ul><li>Plan B could also work by preventing fertilization </li></ul><ul><li>or by preventing sperm attachment to </li></ul><ul><li>the uteran wall if it is taken within 7 days </li></ul><ul><li>of the releasing of the egg. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Birth Control : Plan B(cont.) <ul><li>Plan B is intended for females who had intercourse while the following happens: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Missed two or more pills in a month </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partner had a prophylactic mishap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Didn’t used any birth control method at all </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Hot Fact : Did You Know? <ul><li>In 13 states, birth control pills can legally be refused to patients if it’s against a pharmacist’s religious beliefs. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Refusal & The Law: Government Acts <ul><li>Conscience clauses are clauses in laws in some parts of the United States which allow pharmacists not to provide certain medical services for reasons of religion or conscience. </li></ul><ul><li>States including Arkansas, Illinois, Louisiana, and Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><li>have adopted these clauses. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Refusal & The Law : Effects <ul><li>Government acts in favor of refusing pharmacists has cause negative effects such as : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Females who live in rural areas might not have another pharmacy nearby & must go to a pharmacy hours away to retrieve prescription. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ultimately, rights for a female to decide what happens to their body are overlooked. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Refusal & The Law: Patients Fighting Back <ul><li>Some states have taken action against the refusal of birth control because it conflicts with Reproductive Rights. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reproductive rights describe the right to decide freely and responsibly the number and spacing of their children. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some states are considering legislation in favor of patients is the answer. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For example, California law states that licensed employees must dispense prescriptions that are requested or provide other means for the patient to retrieve it regardless of any circumstances. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Hot Fact : Did You Know? <ul><li>According to a Pharmacist’s Scope of Practice, they must take responsibility for the patient’s medicine-related needs and are held accountable for meeting those needs. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Role Of Pharmacy: The Patient <ul><li>The patient is the priority because the role of the pharmacist is to service the patient. </li></ul><ul><li>When a patient is refused a prescription, a pharmacist idea of his or her role is distorted; instead of a medical counselor they become a moral or spiritual counselor. </li></ul><ul><li>If in any case refusal is legal, pharmacist are still require to inform the patient on other means to have his or her prescription filled. </li></ul><ul><li>Patients will receive their requested prescription when it’s all said and done. </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Future Of Pharmacy: Improvement or Disaster? Pharmacists’ Refusal Now more than ever, the profession is making attempts to balance pharmacists’ rights with patients’ rights. Still some fear that the refusal of birth control leads to the possibility of refusal of more necessary medications such as those for terminal illnesses.
  15. 15. The Future Of Pharmacy : Where We Stand <ul><li>Based on the impact it has on the lives of women and families and on our understanding of the established roles of the pharmacist, it is our belief that pharmacists’ religious beliefs should not be a factor when deciding whether or not to fill prescriptions for birth control and Plan B contraceptives.. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Thank You !