METHODOLOGY APPLIED TO AN EFL SITUATION Universidad de Caldas Master’s Program in English Didactics 2009 Margarita Maria L...
METHODOLOGY IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING <ul><li>Analysis of Methods in English Teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Criticism to EL...
LEARNING <ul><li>Inside and Outside the classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Informal of formal process </li></ul><ul><li>Conscious...
<ul><li>Active Learners </li></ul><ul><li>Give  opportunity to encounter new  language. </li></ul><ul><li>Notice and analy...
Teachers’ Responsibilities <ul><li>What is taught </li></ul><ul><li>The resources used </li></ul><ul><li>The type and orde...
TEACHING: An effective teacher: <ul><li>Understands learners’ language needs </li></ul><ul><li>Designs lessons which refle...
Factors which affect language learning: <ul><li>Innate ability </li></ul><ul><li>Aptitude </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation </l...
Factors which affect language learning: <ul><li>Relationship to teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship to teacher </li></...
Factors which affect language learning: <ul><li>Status and value of the target language in the country </li></ul><ul><li>L...
Consider the following statements about language  learning and choose the best option: <ul><li>Everyone can learn a foreig...
THE LANGUAGE LEARNING PROCESS INPUT NOTICING AUTOMATING RECOGNIZING PATTERNS  AND RULE MAKING USE AND RULE MODIFICATION
LANGUAGE LEARNING AIMS <ul><li>FLUENCY </li></ul><ul><li>ACCURACY </li></ul><ul><li>COMPLEXITY </li></ul><ul><li>APPROPRIA...
Summary <ul><li>“Effective learning is the result of the partnership between learner and teacher with both taking the resp...
TEACHING METHODS AND IDEAS Edward Anthony (1963) <ul><li>Approach:  “A set of assumptions dealing with the nature of langu...
Language teaching over the years
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Methodology Applied To An Efl Situation

2,670 views

Published on

A presentation by M.A. Margarita María López (2009)

Published in: Education, Technology
1 Comment
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,670
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
81
Comments
1
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Methodology Applied To An Efl Situation

  1. 1. METHODOLOGY APPLIED TO AN EFL SITUATION Universidad de Caldas Master’s Program in English Didactics 2009 Margarita Maria Lopez P.
  2. 2. METHODOLOGY IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING <ul><li>Analysis of Methods in English Teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Criticism to ELT methods </li></ul><ul><li>New Trends in ELT </li></ul><ul><li>The Communicative Methodology </li></ul>
  3. 3. LEARNING <ul><li>Inside and Outside the classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Informal of formal process </li></ul><ul><li>Consciously or unconsciously </li></ul><ul><li>Active or Passive Learners </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Active Learners </li></ul><ul><li>Give opportunity to encounter new language. </li></ul><ul><li>Notice and analyze new language. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the new language as much as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Practice the four skills </li></ul><ul><li>Use study techniques. </li></ul><ul><li>Are prepare to experiment, make guesses, and take risks. </li></ul><ul><li>Have confidence in themselves and their ability to learn. </li></ul><ul><li>Are aware of their own weak areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor language use and self-correct. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Teachers’ Responsibilities <ul><li>What is taught </li></ul><ul><li>The resources used </li></ul><ul><li>The type and order of activities </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom management </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Correction </li></ul><ul><li>Students becoming active learners </li></ul>
  6. 6. TEACHING: An effective teacher: <ul><li>Understands learners’ language needs </li></ul><ul><li>Designs lessons which reflect the learners’ needs and develop their communicative skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Monitors and corrects sensitively. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides feedback and encouragement. </li></ul><ul><li>Relaxes the ss about making mistakes </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages good learning habits. </li></ul><ul><li>Keeps track of progress. </li></ul><ul><li>Creates an “in-put-rich environment” in the classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages ss to read and listen in English. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Factors which affect language learning: <ul><li>Innate ability </li></ul><ul><li>Aptitude </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Proximity of L1 to English </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity to use the target language </li></ul><ul><li>Learning strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Learner types </li></ul>
  8. 8. Factors which affect language learning: <ul><li>Relationship to teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship to teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship with other learners </li></ul><ul><li>Embarrassment and anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Self-confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Attitude towards language learning </li></ul><ul><li>Attitude towards English and English-speaking countries </li></ul>
  9. 9. Factors which affect language learning: <ul><li>Status and value of the target language in the country </li></ul><ul><li>Learning theories </li></ul>
  10. 10. Consider the following statements about language learning and choose the best option: <ul><li>Everyone can learn a foreign language.___ </li></ul><ul><li>Some people find it easier than others to learn a language. _____ </li></ul><ul><li>Children learn languages more easily than adults .______ </li></ul><ul><li>People learn a language best by being immersed in it. ______ </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar is the most important element of learning a language. ______ </li></ul><ul><li>You shouldn’t start speaking in a foreign language until you can say things correctly._____ </li></ul>
  11. 11. THE LANGUAGE LEARNING PROCESS INPUT NOTICING AUTOMATING RECOGNIZING PATTERNS AND RULE MAKING USE AND RULE MODIFICATION
  12. 12. LANGUAGE LEARNING AIMS <ul><li>FLUENCY </li></ul><ul><li>ACCURACY </li></ul><ul><li>COMPLEXITY </li></ul><ul><li>APPROPRIACY </li></ul>
  13. 13. Summary <ul><li>“Effective learning is the result of the partnership between learner and teacher with both taking the responsibilities appropriate to the language system and the four skills” </li></ul><ul><li>Lindsay & Knight 2006 </li></ul>
  14. 14. TEACHING METHODS AND IDEAS Edward Anthony (1963) <ul><li>Approach: “A set of assumptions dealing with the nature of language learning and teaching.” </li></ul><ul><li>Method: “Overall plan for systematic presentation of language based upon a selected approach.” </li></ul><ul><li>Techniques: “Specific activities manifested in the classroom that are consistent with a method and therefore are in harmony with an approach, as well” </li></ul>
  15. 15. Language teaching over the years

×