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Macromolecules, pt 1


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Macromolecules, pt 1

  1. 1. Launch <ul><li>What is the smallest thing that living things are made of? </li></ul><ul><li>Where do you think the first living thing came from? </li></ul><ul><li>What does “mono” mean? What does “poly” mean? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Launch </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction to Cells </li></ul><ul><li>Macromolecules </li></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Test Corrections/Retake procedure </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cells
  4. 4. Cell Animation <ul><li> </li></ul>
  5. 5. Objective: IWBAT analyze carbon-based molecules to investigate the different kinds of macromolecules. Day 1: Macromolecules
  6. 6. Remember <ul><li>All living things are made up of CELLS </li></ul><ul><li>Are viruses alive? </li></ul>
  7. 7. The main building block of life is: <ul><li>CARBON </li></ul>
  8. 8. Macromolecules <ul><li>Carbon atoms can be joined together to form many different carbon molecules </li></ul><ul><li>Large compounds formed by joining many smaller molecules together are called macromolecules </li></ul>
  9. 9. Four important macromolecules <ul><li>Carbohydrates </li></ul><ul><li>Lipids </li></ul><ul><li>Proteins </li></ul><ul><li>Nucleic acids </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>In carbon-based molecules, small molecules make a long chain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mono mer: Each small part of a complete molecule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poly mer: A large molecule, or macromolecule, made of many monomers connected together </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Bottom line <ul><li>All macromolecules (polymers) are synthesized (made) from simple precursors (monomers) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Carbohydrates (sugars) <ul><ul><li>Monosaccharide Polysaccharides </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Lipids (fats) <ul><ul><li>Fatty acids Lipids </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Proteins <ul><ul><li>Amino acids proteins </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Nucleic Acids <ul><ul><li>Nucleotides nucleic acids </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Summary <ul><li>In your notes, what are four things you learned today </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure to bring your textbook tomorrow! </li></ul>
  17. 17. Board Notes <ul><li>Reminder, you are responsible for making sure that you stay on top of things and are getting lessons when you miss a day!!!! </li></ul>
  18. 18. Board Notes <ul><li>Biomes </li></ul><ul><li>Ecosystems </li></ul><ul><li>Communities </li></ul><ul><li>Populations </li></ul><ul><li>Organisms </li></ul><ul><li>Organ Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Organs </li></ul><ul><li>Tissues </li></ul><ul><li>Cells </li></ul><ul><li>Organelles </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon Compounds </li></ul>
  19. 19. Board Notes <ul><li>Mono- = one </li></ul><ul><li>Poly- = many </li></ul><ul><li>Macro- = large </li></ul><ul><li>Micro- = small </li></ul><ul><li>-ose = sugar </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>One of the most famous monosaccharides is Glucose </li></ul>