Cognitive Learning<br />By: RCF<br />
<ul><li>Cognitivism replaced behaviorism in the late 1960’s  as the dominant paradigm .
Cognitivism focuses on the inner mental activities –the “black box” of the human mind.
  Mental processes such as thinking, memory, knowing, and problem-solving need to be explored.
  Knowledge can be seen as schema or symbolic mental constructions.
  Learning is defined as change in a learner’s schemata</li></li></ul><li>                   A prominent professor of  <br...
Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning<br />The principle known as the “multimedia principle” states that “people learn m...
Main Assumptions<br /><ul><li>There are two separate channels (auditory and visual) for processing information (sometimes ...
Each channel has a limited (finite) capacity (similar to Sweller’s notion of Cognitive Load)
Learning is an active process of filtering, selecting, organizing, and integrating information based upon prior knowledge....
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Activity 13 ppt project

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Activity 13 ppt project

  1. 1. Cognitive Learning<br />By: RCF<br />
  2. 2. <ul><li>Cognitivism replaced behaviorism in the late 1960’s as the dominant paradigm .
  3. 3. Cognitivism focuses on the inner mental activities –the “black box” of the human mind.
  4. 4. Mental processes such as thinking, memory, knowing, and problem-solving need to be explored.
  5. 5. Knowledge can be seen as schema or symbolic mental constructions.
  6. 6. Learning is defined as change in a learner’s schemata</li></li></ul><li> A prominent professor of <br /> cognitive psychology, Richard E. <br /> Mayer, has put forth a theory <br /> which involves the intersection of cognition, instruction, and technology. This theory involves a special focus on multimedia learning and computer-supported learning. Professor Mayer’s theory:<br />Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning<br />
  7. 7. Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning<br />The principle known as the “multimedia principle” states that “people learn more deeply from words and pictures than from words alone” <br />
  8. 8. Main Assumptions<br /><ul><li>There are two separate channels (auditory and visual) for processing information (sometimes referred to as Dual-Coding theory)
  9. 9. Each channel has a limited (finite) capacity (similar to Sweller’s notion of Cognitive Load)
  10. 10. Learning is an active process of filtering, selecting, organizing, and integrating information based upon prior knowledge.</li></li></ul><li>A response to behaviorism, people are not “programmed animals” that merely respond to environmental stimuli; people are rational beings that require active participation in order to learn, and whose actions are a consequence of thinking. <br />=<br />+<br />/<br />
  11. 11. To make use of you of Richard E Mayer’s Theory a teacher should incorporate several modes of multimedia into the lessons. Some examples are:<br /><ul><li> Power Point slides (like this one)
  12. 12. Video, such as movies, documentaries.
  13. 13. Simulator programs.</li></li></ul><li>Constructions majors at the University of Florida are required to take a construction drawing course.<br />The course is not<br />to teach artistic drawing, it teaches<br />that a quick sketch <br />on a piece of wood<br />will explain a point<br />faster and better<br />than words alone.<br />
  14. 14. Students have two ears and alsotwo eyes. A teacher needs to make use of both. The use of multimedia will give the student a better understanding of what you, the teacher, are attempting to teach them.<br />+<br />=<br />
  15. 15. References/Credits<br />http://www.learning-theories.com/cognitivism.html<br />http://www.learning-theories.com/cognitive-theory-of-multimedia-learning-mayer.html<br />http://www.bing.com/images<br />http://www.psych.ucsb.edu/people/faculty/mayer/index.php<br />http://www.unm.edu/~moreno/PDFS/chi.pdf<br />

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