<ul><li>Cognitivism replaced behaviorism in the late 1960’s as the dominant paradigm .
Cognitivism focuses on the inner mental activities –the “black box” of the human mind.
Mental processes such as thinking, memory, knowing, and problem-solving need to be explored.
Knowledge can be seen as schema or symbolic mental constructions.
Learning is defined as change in a learner’s schemata</li></li></ul><li> A prominent professor of <br /> cognitive psychology, Richard E. <br /> Mayer, has put forth a theory <br /> which involves the intersection of cognition, instruction, and technology. This theory involves a special focus on multimedia learning and computer-supported learning. Professor Mayer’s theory:<br />Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning<br />
Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning<br />The principle known as the “multimedia principle” states that “people learn more deeply from words and pictures than from words alone” <br />
Main Assumptions<br /><ul><li>There are two separate channels (auditory and visual) for processing information (sometimes referred to as Dual-Coding theory)
Each channel has a limited (finite) capacity (similar to Sweller’s notion of Cognitive Load)
Learning is an active process of filtering, selecting, organizing, and integrating information based upon prior knowledge.</li></li></ul><li>A response to behaviorism, people are not “programmed animals” that merely respond to environmental stimuli; people are rational beings that require active participation in order to learn, and whose actions are a consequence of thinking. <br />=<br />+<br />/<br />
To make use of you of Richard E Mayer’s Theory a teacher should incorporate several modes of multimedia into the lessons. Some examples are:<br /><ul><li> Power Point slides (like this one)
Simulator programs.</li></li></ul><li>Constructions majors at the University of Florida are required to take a construction drawing course.<br />The course is not<br />to teach artistic drawing, it teaches<br />that a quick sketch <br />on a piece of wood<br />will explain a point<br />faster and better<br />than words alone.<br />
Students have two ears and alsotwo eyes. A teacher needs to make use of both. The use of multimedia will give the student a better understanding of what you, the teacher, are attempting to teach them.<br />+<br />=<br />