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Great Decisions Teacher Presentatin


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Great Decisions Teacher Presentatin

  1. 1. The US and Rising Powers<br />Chapter 1<br />
  2. 2. History<br />Treaty of Westphalia <br />This is the settlement that ended the "Thirty Years War“<br />The Thirty Years War : War between Holy Roman Empire over religion ( Catholics vs Orthodox) <br /> resulted in the emergence of the European states system.<br /> state sovereignty.<br />1st attempt to structure how nations dealt with each other<br />
  3. 3. History<br />Congress of Vienna (1814 )<br />Again trying to constitue peace and draw borders<br />World War I<br />the central powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey), and the allied powers (Britain, France, Belgium, Russia, Italy, USA)<br />The Treaty of Versailles ( 1919)<br />The League of Nations<br />World War II<br />The Allies ( France, Britian, US, USSR, China )Vs. The Axis ( Germany, Japan, Italy )<br />Allies created the UN <br />US vs Soviet Union <br />
  4. 4. Bipolar World <br />CAPITALISM - Containment Of Communism <br />Eastern Bloc COMMUNISM<br />
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  6. 6. WHAT MAKES A MAJOR POWER?<br />Political Scientist – Kenneth Waltz<br />Population and Territory<br />Natural Resources<br />Economy<br />Stability of Political System<br />Military Strength<br />
  7. 7. Asia Pacific – “Asian Triumphalism”<br />China <br />Economy growing at a 10% clip<br />Trading partners – US is largest, however EU if combined is larger<br />Military – extemely strong- budget doubled – very strong navy<br />Part of the Nuclear Non-Profileration Treaty <br />India<br />Economy growing at an 8 % clip<br />Nuclear Power – signed a treaty with the US<br />
  8. 8. NPT<br />US, Russia, China, France, and Britain <br />Limit the spread of Nuclear Power<br />1970<br />189 members <br />5 of them are recognized as Nuclear Power states<br />Four non-parties to the treaty are known or believed to possess nuclear weapons. India, Pakistan, and North Korea<br />
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  10. 10. Petro Power Demographics<br />Russia - Resources of oil and natural Gas <br />Brazil – Biodiesel<br />Japan – development of new technologies for energy efficiency , alternate and renewable fuels<br />China and India - very populated – LABOR<br />Russia- declining demographic trends<br />
  11. 11. Legitimacy of Power<br />Being acknowledged by others to have this power<br />THE UN<br />Acknowledges only – China, France, Russia Britain and the US<br />This no longer reflects the truth of the world’s global Powers<br />Now there is Brazil, India, Japan, Germany, and others<br />
  12. 12. Soft Power<br />Concept introduced by Joseph S. nye Jr. Dean of Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government <br />ABILITY TO SHAPE THE PREFERENCES OF OTHERS<br />Brazil <br />China<br />
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  14. 14. GLOBAL CHALLENGES<br />Energy and Natural Resources<br />Climate Change<br />Means cutting down production<br />Nuclear Weapons<br />Some of the NPT signatories like N.Korea and Iran – have started producing Nuclear weapons<br />Non-signatories like Israel, India, Pakistan<br />Terrorism<br />Benefit from IT, globalization<br />Conflict of Ideologies<br />Democracy vs. Authoritarianism <br />
  15. 15. Global Order <br />Need to find a new way to govern the world<br />After WWII – the winners made the UN security Council but Now there must be a change<br />Who plays the role of enforcer if different powers have different views concerning the challenges?<br />
  16. 16. Need new financial institutions <br />The G-8 can no longer solve financial world problems alone<br />Robert Zoellick, president of the World Bank suggested the G-14<br />Whether it’s 14 or something else – need the right set of players to fix things up<br />
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  18. 18. Role of the US in a Multipolar System<br />Primacy in military power <br />No clash between major powers<br />Post American Era<br />Embrace the multipolar world<br />Return to an isolationist view<br />
  19. 19. Collaboration and Recognition<br />Use other major powers to collaborate and find solutions to global challenges<br />