Anatomy as a Science!<br />By Torrey Hart & Tyrel Belliston<br />
History of Human Anatomy<br />Anatomy: study of biological structure.<br />10 – 100 million species on Earth.<br />Physiol...
Suppose you spent one hour studying each species on Earth.  If there are 10 million and you studied 8 hours every day, 7 d...
Gross Anatomy<br />(Macroscopic anatomy) ~ structure and relationships of large body parts visible to the naked eye.<br />...
Levels of Organization<br />
Characteristics of Living Things<br />Organization<br />Metabolism<br />Growth & Development<br />Responsiveness<br />Adap...
Integumentary System<br />Provides protection<br />Regulates Body Temp<br />Site of cutaneous body receptors<br />Synthesi...
Skeletal System	<br />Provides support and protection<br />Site of hemopoiesis~blood cell production<br />Stores calcium a...
Muscular System	<br />Produces body movement<br />Generates heat when muscles contract<br />
Nervous System<br />Regulatory system<br />Controls body movement<br />Responds to sensory stimuli<br />Helps control all ...
Endocrine System<br />Glands and cell clusters which secrete hormones<br />Some regulate body and cellular growth<br />Che...
Lymphatic System	<br />Transports and filters lymph<br />Initiates an immune response when necessary.<br />
Cardiovascular System<br />Consists of the heart, blood, and blood vessels.<br />Heart moves blood through blood vessels t...
Respiratory System<br />Responsible for exchange of gasses between blood and the air in the lungs.<br />
Digestive System<br />Mechanically and chemically digests food materials<br />Absorbs nutrients<br />Expells waste product...
Urinary System	<br />Filters blood<br />Removes waste products from blood<br />Concentrates waste products in the form of ...
Male Reproductive System<br />Produces male sex cells (sperm)<br />Male hormones (testosterone)<br />Transfers sperm to th...
Female Reproductive System<br />Produces female sex cells (oocytes)<br />Produces female hormones (estrogen)<br />Recieves...
Terms of Direction<br />Anterior (forward)<br />Posterior (back)<br />Superior (up)<br />Inferior (down)<br />Medial (midd...
Body Sections and Planes<br />
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Anatomy as a science!

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Anatomy as a science!

  1. 1. Anatomy as a Science!<br />By Torrey Hart & Tyrel Belliston<br />
  2. 2. History of Human Anatomy<br />Anatomy: study of biological structure.<br />10 – 100 million species on Earth.<br />Physiology: study of function of body structures.<br />Morphology: science of relating and interpreting biological structures.<br />
  3. 3. Suppose you spent one hour studying each species on Earth. If there are 10 million and you studied 8 hours every day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year, how long would it take you to complete the course?<br />3,500 years!<br />
  4. 4. Gross Anatomy<br />(Macroscopic anatomy) ~ structure and relationships of large body parts visible to the naked eye.<br />Approaches to gross anatomy:<br />Comparative<br />Developmental<br />Embryology<br />Regional<br />Surface<br />Systemic<br />
  5. 5. Levels of Organization<br />
  6. 6. Characteristics of Living Things<br />Organization<br />Metabolism<br />Growth & Development<br />Responsiveness<br />Adaptation<br />Regulation (Homeostasis)<br />Reproduction<br />
  7. 7. Integumentary System<br />Provides protection<br />Regulates Body Temp<br />Site of cutaneous body receptors<br />Synthesizes vitamin D<br />Prevents water loss<br />(Made of skin, bones, and muscles.)<br />
  8. 8. Skeletal System <br />Provides support and protection<br />Site of hemopoiesis~blood cell production<br />Stores calcium and phosphorus<br />Provides sites for muscle attachments<br />
  9. 9. Muscular System <br />Produces body movement<br />Generates heat when muscles contract<br />
  10. 10. Nervous System<br />Regulatory system<br />Controls body movement<br />Responds to sensory stimuli<br />Helps control all other systems of the body<br />Consciousness, intelligence, memory.<br />
  11. 11. Endocrine System<br />Glands and cell clusters which secrete hormones<br />Some regulate body and cellular growth<br />Chemical levels in the body<br />Reproductive functions<br />
  12. 12. Lymphatic System <br />Transports and filters lymph<br />Initiates an immune response when necessary.<br />
  13. 13. Cardiovascular System<br />Consists of the heart, blood, and blood vessels.<br />Heart moves blood through blood vessels to distribute hormones, nutrients, and gasses as well as pickup waste products.<br />
  14. 14. Respiratory System<br />Responsible for exchange of gasses between blood and the air in the lungs.<br />
  15. 15. Digestive System<br />Mechanically and chemically digests food materials<br />Absorbs nutrients<br />Expells waste products (defacation).<br />
  16. 16. Urinary System <br />Filters blood<br />Removes waste products from blood<br />Concentrates waste products in the form of urine. <br />Expells urine from the body. (Urination).<br />
  17. 17. Male Reproductive System<br />Produces male sex cells (sperm)<br />Male hormones (testosterone)<br />Transfers sperm to the female<br />
  18. 18. Female Reproductive System<br />Produces female sex cells (oocytes)<br />Produces female hormones (estrogen)<br />Recieves sperm from male<br />Site of fertilization of oocyte<br />Site of growth, development, fetus and birth<br />
  19. 19. Terms of Direction<br />Anterior (forward)<br />Posterior (back)<br />Superior (up)<br />Inferior (down)<br />Medial (middle)<br />Lateral (sides)<br />Proximal (closest)<br />Distal (far)<br />
  20. 20. Body Sections and Planes<br />

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