Is gun control a Social Problem


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This is a Power Point I did for Physiology 101.
I should have checked with you. The paper work is for your class only.

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Is gun control a Social Problem

  1. 1. Is Gun Control a Social Problem? Reed D. McPhail
  2. 2. <ul><li>A reading and the punctuation contained therein. </li></ul><ul><li>A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed. (1) </li></ul><ul><li>Because of the use of commas , and semi-colons many believe it is only the militia that has the right to bear arms? </li></ul>Most of the legal controversy arise from
  3. 3. <ul><li>However Few apparently have ever read the First amendment as it was originally written. It is most often read only from edited and reprinted copies. </li></ul><ul><li>For the First thirteen copies actually read: </li></ul><ul><li>Congress shall make no law, respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances. (1a&b) </li></ul><ul><li>Most take the new edited version for granted they never look at changes between the typeset version sent to the states and the formal one signed and on display and the handed out edited version. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Therefore <ul><li>Using the same logic only religion; in America shall have the powers of freedom of speech, press, peacefully assemble and redress. (1a&b) </li></ul><ul><li>Legally the power struggle over the public to bear arms is based upon this simple bit of editing. </li></ul><ul><li>Emotionally it is much bigger. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>What follows is a redress of the facts: The following statistics are from the FBI, ATF, as well as many public and private sources. </li></ul><ul><li>I believe beyond a reasonable doubt, that upon the conclusion of this presentation you will feel as I do that we have been purposely misled. </li></ul>
  6. 6. According to the FBI, Violent Crimes are: (2) <ul><li>Rape </li></ul><ul><li>Robbery </li></ul><ul><li>Assault </li></ul><ul><li>Homicide [murder] </li></ul>
  7. 7. Fiction Fact <ul><li>Guns make people more violent. </li></ul><ul><li>Society is becoming more violent. </li></ul><ul><li>Guns kill people. </li></ul><ul><li>Taking guns from American citizens is necessary to curb violence. </li></ul><ul><li>Violent Crimes have decreased 15% in the last year. Continuing a drop of more then 162% since 1991. (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Violent crimes have continued to increase in Britain since their hand gun ban has been in place. [1997 (3)] </li></ul>
  8. 8. Violent Crimes have dropped steadily for the last 15 years <ul><li>In 1960 the USA population was 179,323,175 (2) </li></ul><ul><li>in 2007 it had nearly doubled to 301,621,157 (2) </li></ul><ul><li>[All figures below per 100,000 populace.] </li></ul><ul><li>The violent crime rate in 1960 was 160.9/ (2) </li></ul><ul><li>In 2007 the rate was 466.9/ (2) </li></ul><ul><li>An increase of 290% </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The preceding facts sounds outrageous and seem contradictory to the opening statement until you realize </li></ul><ul><li>The rate in 1991 was 758.1/ (2) an increase of 471% in the previous 31 years. </li></ul><ul><li>As stated since 1991 the rate has shown steady decline. </li></ul><ul><li>In fact statistics show a 162% regression in violent crime since the 1991 high . </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>In 73 with a base population of 209,851,000  there were : (2) </li></ul><ul><li>514,769 violent crimes committed without firearms (2) </li></ul><ul><li>361,141 with (2) </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>In 2006 with near a 100 million more people there were </li></ul><ul><li>1,029,146 (2) violent crimes without firearms. </li></ul><ul><li>388,897 (2) were committed with fire power. A per capita decrease of 188.73% since 1973 </li></ul>
  12. 12. The statistics have shown no correlation between guns and crime <ul><li>From a population base of 179,323,175 (2) in 1960   </li></ul><ul><li>Ballooning to 301,621,157 in 2007.(2) </li></ul><ul><li>Violent crimes at first increased with the population, now show an inversion. </li></ul>
  13. 13. “ Statistics prove guns have no effect on Violence” (4) <ul><li>Kennesaw GA. in acted an ordinance in 1982 it was an adult carry law. Though the city population has risen from 5,242 to 28,189 its crime rate has gone from 4,332/ to 2,027/. </li></ul><ul><li>Murder/homicide rate? </li></ul><ul><li>0 in 25 years [as of 2007] </li></ul><ul><li>{adult carry: means every able body adult that can legally and spiritually carry a fire arm must} </li></ul>
  14. 14. Robberies? <ul><li>In 1973 </li></ul><ul><li>241,088 robberies performed with firearms. (2) </li></ul><ul><li>In 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>188,804 robberies with firearms. (2) </li></ul><ul><li>a total decrease in firearm use in violent crime since 1973 of 128%. </li></ul>
  15. 15. More Legal Guns out there!! <ul><li>290 million citizen-owned firearms (5) (5a) Known about in the USA [as of 2006]. </li></ul><ul><li>Yet crimes with Guns are Down. </li></ul>
  16. 16. What the statistics do not show <ul><li>while overall violent crimes are down there </li></ul><ul><li>is a significant rise in Gang and Youth violence. Which has risen while gang use of firepower shows the steepest rise (6) </li></ul><ul><li>The steepest of rise violence in America is among young women. (7) </li></ul>
  17. 17. According to Rainn (Rape, Abuse & incest national network) (8) <ul><li>1 in 6 women in America have been sexually assaulted. </li></ul><ul><li>Sadly most women raped today do not bother to report the crime {Why} </li></ul>
  18. 18. Rape Facts: (8) <ul><li>An estimated total of 17.7 million American Women have been sexually assaulted. </li></ul><ul><li>90% of all sexual assault victims are women </li></ul><ul><li>10% men. </li></ul><ul><li>3% of rapes are performed with a fire arm . </li></ul><ul><li>6% with knife. </li></ul><ul><li>2% other weapon (non clarified most likely drugs). </li></ul><ul><li>84% sheer physical or mental force. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Rape continued (8) <ul><ul><li>44% of all sexual assaults take place before the victim reaches 18 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>80% are under the age of 30 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>93% of all rape victims know there attacker </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Rape Victims are: (8) <ul><li>3X more likely to suffer depression. </li></ul><ul><li>6X more likely to suffer post-traumatic stress. </li></ul><ul><li>13X more likely to become Alcoholics. </li></ul><ul><li>26X more likely to turn to drugs </li></ul><ul><li>4X more likely to contemplate Suicide </li></ul><ul><li>A rape is estimated to happen every 2 minutes in America. Higher then any place else in the world. (8) </li></ul>
  21. 21. Reporting of Rapes: (8) <ul><li>60% not reported </li></ul><ul><li>If reported there is a 50.8% of an arrest </li></ul><ul><li>If arrested there is an 80% chance of prosecution. </li></ul><ul><li>58% chance of conviction. </li></ul><ul><li>69% that any jail time will be served </li></ul><ul><li>16.3% chance that the Rapist will serve jail time. </li></ul><ul><li>15 of 16 Rapist walk free. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Dr. Robert J Woolley (9) <ul><li>States that in his finding of Campus Rapes that only 5% are reported. </li></ul><ul><li>20% of College Coeds will be assaulted sexually. </li></ul><ul><li>The greatest defenses are: </li></ul><ul><li>1] a self defense courses </li></ul><ul><li>2] carry a gun </li></ul><ul><li>3] stay away from alcohol. Other then being female this is the biggest factor. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Woman stay on campus! if not then: (9) <ul><li>“ Take self-defense! Stats show Those who Carry or Eye gouge are hurt less then .1% of the time.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Women that leave Campus have a 66% greater chance of being Raped.” </li></ul><ul><li>Stay in groups. Do not let a friend leave with any one. </li></ul><ul><li>Above all else do not drink </li></ul>
  24. 24. Are Homicides the only violent crime that shows any correlation? <ul><li>1976 total (population 214,659,000) (2) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Firearms used 11,979 (2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knife used 3,343 (2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other object? 2,546 (2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2005 Totals ( population 296,507,061) (2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Firearms used 11,346 (decreased) (2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knife used 2,147 (decreased) (2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Objects 2,528 (decreased) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>42,642 died nation wide on our highways (10 a&b) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>13,491 from Drunk Driving (NHTSA) (11) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>445 deaths on Iowa's highways alone in 2007 (12 a&b) </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Gary Kleck, Ph.D. <ul><li>During a short E-Mail Interview with Gary Kleck a professor at College of Criminology and Criminal Justice of Florida State University. </li></ul><ul><li>Professor Kleck informed me, when asked what he expected his survey to show, “ I expected, and initially found, that more guns lead to more violence and crime, particularly homicide.  More careful later research reversed this early conclusion.” (13 a&b) </li></ul>
  26. 26. Professor Greg Kleck (13 a&b) <ul><li>States that: </li></ul><ul><li>The National Self-Defense Survey indicated that there were 2.5 million incidents of defensive gun use per year in the U.S. during the 1988-1993 period. </li></ul><ul><li>Defensive use is clarified as having a firearm and using it to defend ones self, property, loved one, to help out a stranger . </li></ul>
  27. 27. Elderly are less likely to be a victim of a violent crime : (14) <ul><li>According to 2000 stats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>65 and older are among the safest Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They commit the fewest crimes and have the fewest crimes committed to them. </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Works Cited </li></ul><ul><li>1 a&b ) Photographs of the Maryland typography rendition and formal calligraphy version of the Bill Of Rights (see 1a and 1b URL’s listed bellow) </li></ul><ul><li>a) </li></ul><ul><li>b) </li></ul><ul><li>2) </li></ul><ul><li>3) </li></ul><ul><li>4) </li></ul><ul><li>5a) </li></ul><ul><li>5b) </li></ul><ul><li>6) </li></ul><ul><li>7) </li></ul><ul><li>8) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> assault </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>9) </li></ul><ul><li>10a) </li></ul><ul><li>10b) </li></ul><ul><li>11 NHTSA’s National Center for Statistics and Analysis 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590 </li></ul><ul><li>12a) </li></ul><ul><li>12b) IOWA COMPARATIVE MONTHLY SUMMARY OF MOTOR VEHICLE FATALITIES </li></ul><ul><li>13a) </li></ul><ul><li>13b) see Appendix </li></ul><ul><li>14) </li></ul>
  30. 30. Appendix <ul><li>At 03:51 PM 1/27/2009, you wrote: >thank you. May I use this Quote in my Powerpoint presentation? >Reed >-----Original Message----- >From: Gary Kleck [ > </li></ul><ul><li>Yes. GK] </li></ul><ul><li>>Sent: Mon 1/26/2009 9:58 AM >To: McPhail, Reed D >Subject: Re: Question> >At 12:00 AM 1/26/2009, you wrote: > > >when you started your studies on guns, violence, and Rate of Crime > >what did you expect to find? > >Reed D. McPhail </li></ul><ul><li>Director of Graduate Studies >College of Criminology and Criminal Justice> 306 Hecht House 634 W. Call Street> Florida State University> Tallahassee, Florida 32306-1127 >(850) 644-7651 (office)> (850) 644-9614 (office fax)> </li></ul><ul><li>I expected, and initially found, that more guns lead to more violence> >and crime, particularly homicide.  More careful later research> reversed this early conclusion. GK </li></ul>