Union Participation Ol


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This slideshow is presented in LS-12, Building Strong Unions at Los Angeles Trade Technical College by Jim Walker, Instructor.

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Union Participation Ol

  1. 1. Building Strong Unions Union Participation
  2. 2. Formal Participation <ul><li>Regular Formal Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Holding union office </li></ul><ul><li>Serving on a committee </li></ul><ul><li>Working on a political campaign </li></ul><ul><li>Working on an organizing committee </li></ul>
  3. 3. Intermittent Formal <ul><li>Attending a union meeting </li></ul><ul><li>Voting for officers </li></ul><ul><li>Voting on the contract </li></ul><ul><li>Walking a picket line </li></ul>
  4. 4. Informal Participation <ul><li>Characterized as unstructured, supportive, informal activities </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking up in defense of union </li></ul><ul><li>Discussing contract with new hire </li></ul><ul><li>Advising members how union helps </li></ul>
  5. 5. Union Citizenship Behaviors (UCB) <ul><li>Sum of Individual members’ informal participation </li></ul><ul><li>Significant impact on union effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Unions have greater success engaging members in less formal types of participation </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer barriers of associated qualification </li></ul><ul><li>Often require less time commitment </li></ul>
  6. 6. UCB <ul><ul><li>Characteristics of the individual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment in which the individual operates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Member Participation is a form of behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affected by attitude and/or beliefs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Member may choose not to participate </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Building a Strong Union <ul><li>Focus on member attitudes and beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Create an environment within union </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages and rewards participation </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages and rewards support </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages behavior that benefits the union </li></ul>
  8. 8. Model of Individual Behavior
  9. 9. Attitudes and Beliefs <ul><li>Individuals not born with attitudes and beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Product of experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Information received from sources </li></ul><ul><li>New experiences can reshape attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Foster new attitudes </li></ul>
  10. 10. Union Member Commitment <ul><li>Most Satisfied – Positive Attitude – About Union </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfied – most committed </li></ul><ul><li>Union performance </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment by union officials </li></ul><ul><li>Operation of grievance procedure </li></ul><ul><li>First year experience with union was positive </li></ul>
  11. 11. Member Commitment <ul><li>Four Parts </li></ul><ul><li>Union Loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibility to Union </li></ul><ul><li>Willingness to work on behalf of Union </li></ul><ul><li>General belief in unionism </li></ul>
  12. 12. Loyalty <ul><li>Reflects a high degree of loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>Takes pride in association with union </li></ul><ul><li>Have clear awareness of benefits of membership </li></ul>
  13. 13. Responsibility to Union <ul><li>Recognize and be willing to fulfill day-to-day obligations </li></ul><ul><li>Keeping union members informed </li></ul><ul><li>Filing grievances </li></ul>
  14. 14. Willingness to work <ul><li>Serve as union officer </li></ul><ul><li>Serve on negotiation committee </li></ul><ul><li>Serve as political action activist </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinate internal organizing activities </li></ul>
  15. 15. Belief in Unionism <ul><li>Believes in unionism in general </li></ul><ul><li>Deep seated positive attitude towards unions </li></ul><ul><li>Strongly supports the unions </li></ul><ul><li>Actively and consistently participates </li></ul>
  16. 16. Commitment and Participation <ul><li>Union commitment is an attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Union participation is a behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment closely tied to attitude </li></ul><ul><li>High level of commitment </li></ul><ul><li>More likely to participate </li></ul><ul><li>High levels of participation lead to more effective union </li></ul>
  17. 17. Big Labor Attitude <ul><li>View of union and union leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Self Interested </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed to change </li></ul><ul><li>Autocratic </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed to change </li></ul><ul><li>Overly focused on politics </li></ul>
  18. 18. Describes Does not Unions play an important role in ensuring workers’ pay is fair and equitable 64% 31% 5% Don’t Know Unions go too far in protecting workers who are incompetent or inefficient Describes Does not Don’t know 57% 36% 7% Source: USA Today labor “Workers Assess Conditions, Unions, Pay,” 1997
  19. 19. Specific Union Attitudes <ul><li>Attitudes about specific union may different </li></ul><ul><li>Members’ view of their representative union </li></ul><ul><li>Grouped into three dimensions </li></ul><ul><li>Instrumentality </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived union support </li></ul>
  20. 20. Impact of Specific and General Attitudes on Union Commitment General Attitudes about Unions - Big Labor Image - Instrumentality <ul><li>Specific Attitudes about Unions </li></ul><ul><li>Instrumentality </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>- Perceived Support </li></ul>Member Commitment Attitudes Member Participation Behavior
  21. 21. Model of Member Participation Member Commitment (Attitudes) Union Environment (Culture, Leadership ) Member Participation (Behavior) Union Effectiveness
  22. 22. Instructor’s Closing Comments Union Participation