Ch 25 Section 1 Motives

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Ch 25 Section 1 Motives

  1. 1. The Age of Imperialism Chapter 25 Section One
  2. 2. Imperialism is the process of extending control over other territories.
  3. 3. The New Imperialism <ul><li>Who were the imperial powers. </li></ul><ul><li>What motivated them to dominate much of the World? </li></ul><ul><li>Why was Europe so successful? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Imperialism
  5. 5. I. Who were the Imperial powers? <ul><li>Early powers were Britain, France, Spain, Denmark, Portugal and Russia. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1870 Germany, Italy, Belgium all began to compete for colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>The United States and Japan will also enter late in the 19 th centaury. </li></ul><ul><li>Competition for colonies will become a driving force among these nations. </li></ul>
  6. 6. A word on the U.S                    
  7. 7. II. Motivations For Imperialism. <ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Religious </li></ul><ul><li>Exploration </li></ul><ul><li>Ideological </li></ul>
  8. 8. A. Economic motivations. <ul><li>Colonies can provide raw materials for nations. </li></ul><ul><li>Increased International competition posed a challenge to many nations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain was challenged by U.S and Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Needed colonies to act as markets for manufactured goods </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Europe had become industrialized, and was looking for a new place to invest to gain more of a profit. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many nations looked to create their own empires for trade. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. B. Political motivations. <ul><li>More colonies would lead to greater wealth and power for a nation. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As one nation achieved power, others would want to </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Greater wealth and power for a nation would lead to greater security. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>And greater insecurity for other nations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Balance of Power theory </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Again European nations were competing against each other to be more dominant. </li></ul>
  10. 10. C. Religious Motivations. <ul><li>Missionaries hoped to spread Christianity and Catholicism around the world. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Christian Missionaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spanish mission System </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The world was full of “heathens” that had to be saved. </li></ul><ul><li>Not all agreed to this moticvation </li></ul>
  11. 11. D. Exploration and Adventure. <ul><li>It gave the rich something to do. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safari’s and hunts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See exotic places. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treasure hunting for gold and silver. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Infamous Dr. Livingstone. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The lower classes could read about it in stories and newspapers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tarzan </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. E. Ideological. <ul><li>Europe had become more technologically advanced than the rest of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Europe assumed that it was superior to that of other people and cultures of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Elements of Racism also were evident. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rudyard Kipling and The Whiteman’s Burden </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Robinson Crusoe. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. III. Why was Europe successful? <ul><li>The Industrial Power </li></ul><ul><li>Internal Issues </li></ul>
  14. 14. A. Industrial Power <ul><li>Mass Production and new technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Military technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maxim machine gun </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bolt action rifle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New vaccines and medicines (malaria) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transportation Revolution would allow Europe to project Power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steam ships </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Improved weapon technology.
  16. 16. B. Internal Issues <ul><li>Low level of technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Even a resistance to change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Except in Japan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Divisions between ethnic groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Especially Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>India </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Terms <ul><li>Imperialism </li></ul><ul><li>Livingstone </li></ul><ul><li>Stanley </li></ul><ul><li>Kipling </li></ul>
  18. 18. In summary <ul><li>Who were the major Imperial powers? </li></ul><ul><li>What were the motivations for imperialism? </li></ul><ul><li>What enabled Europe to dominate? </li></ul>

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