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Ch 25 Section 1 Motives

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Ch 25 Section 1 Motives

  1. 1. 11/3/2009<br />10.4 European Motivations in the Age of Imperialism<br />1<br />The Age of Imperialism<br />Chapter 25 Section One<br />
  2. 2. 11/3/2009<br />10.4 European Motivations in the Age of Imperialism<br />2<br />Imperialism is the process of extending control over other territories. <br />
  3. 3. 11/3/2009<br />10.4 European Motivations in the Age of Imperialism<br />3<br />The New Imperialism<br />Who were the imperial powers.<br />What motivated them to dominate much of the World?<br />Why was Europe so successful?<br />
  4. 4. 11/3/2009<br />10.4 European Motivations in the Age of Imperialism<br />4<br />Imperialism<br />
  5. 5. 11/3/2009<br />10.4 European Motivations in the Age of Imperialism<br />5<br />I. Who were the Imperial powers?<br />Early powers were Britain, France, Spain, Denmark, Portugal and Russia.<br />By 1870 Germany, Italy, Belgium all began to compete for colonies.<br />The United States and Japan will also enter late in the 19th centaury.<br />Competition for colonies will become a driving force among these nations.<br />
  6. 6. 11/3/2009<br />10.4 European Motivations in the Age of Imperialism<br />6<br />A word on the U.S<br />                  <br />
  7. 7. 11/3/2009<br />10.4 European Motivations in the Age of Imperialism<br />7<br />II. Motivations For Imperialism.<br />Economic<br />Political<br />Religious<br />Exploration<br />Ideological<br />
  8. 8. 11/3/2009<br />10.4 European Motivations in the Age of Imperialism<br />8<br />A. Economic motivations.<br />Colonies can provide raw materials for nations.<br />Increased International competition posed a challenge to many nations<br />Britain was challenged by U.S and Germany<br />Needed colonies to act as markets for manufactured goods<br />Europe had become industrialized, and was looking for a new place to invest to gain more of a profit.<br />Many nations looked to create their own empires for trade. <br />
  9. 9. 11/3/2009<br />10.4 European Motivations in the Age of Imperialism<br />9<br />B. Political motivations.<br />More colonies would lead to greater wealth and power for a nation.<br />As one nation achieved power, others would want to<br />Greater wealth and power for a nation would lead to greater security.<br />And greater insecurity for other nations<br />Balance of Power theory<br />Again European nations were competing against each other to be more dominant.<br />
  10. 10. 11/3/2009<br />10.4 European Motivations in the Age of Imperialism<br />10<br />C. Religious Motivations.<br />Missionaries hoped to spread Christianity and Catholicism around the world. <br />Christian Missionaries<br />Spanish mission System<br />The world was full of “heathens” that had to be saved.<br />Not all agreed to this moticvation<br />
  11. 11. 11/3/2009<br />10.4 European Motivations in the Age of Imperialism<br />11<br />D. Exploration and Adventure.<br />It gave the rich something to do.<br />Safari’s and hunts.<br />See exotic places.<br />Treasure hunting for gold and silver.<br />The Infamous Dr. Livingstone.<br />The lower classes could read about it in stories and newspapers.<br />Tarzan<br />
  12. 12. 11/3/2009<br />10.4 European Motivations in the Age of Imperialism<br />12<br />E. Ideological.<br />Europe had become more technologically advanced than the rest of the world. <br />Europe assumed that it was superior to that of other people and cultures of the world.<br />Elements of Racism also were evident.<br />Rudyard Kipling and The Whiteman’s Burden<br />Robinson Crusoe.<br />
  13. 13. 11/3/2009<br />10.4 European Motivations in the Age of Imperialism<br />13<br />III. Why was Europe successful?<br />The Industrial Power<br />Internal Issues<br />
  14. 14. 11/3/2009<br />10.4 European Motivations in the Age of Imperialism<br />14<br />A. Industrial Power<br />Mass Production and new technology<br />Military technology<br />Maxim machine gun<br />Bolt action rifle<br />New vaccines and medicines (malaria)<br />Transportation Revolution would allow Europe to project Power<br />Trains <br />Steam ships<br />
  15. 15. 11/3/2009<br />10.4 European Motivations in the Age of Imperialism<br />15<br />Improved weapon technology.<br />
  16. 16. 11/3/2009<br />10.4 European Motivations in the Age of Imperialism<br />16<br />B. Internal Issues<br />Low level of technology<br />Even a resistance to change<br />Except in Japan<br />Divisions between ethnic groups<br />Especially Africa<br />India<br />
  17. 17. 11/3/2009<br />10.4 European Motivations in the Age of Imperialism<br />17<br />Terms<br />Imperialism<br />Livingstone<br />Stanley <br />Kipling<br />
  18. 18. 11/3/2009<br />10.4 European Motivations in the Age of Imperialism<br />18<br />In summary<br />Who were the major Imperial powers?<br />What were the motivations for imperialism?<br />What enabled Europe to dominate?<br />

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