Sicilia1

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an historical sketch about Sicily showed during a Comenius project

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Sicilia1

  1. 1. Art, history, tradition in Sicily A Brief Historical Sketch from the VIII century B.C. until today In the background old marbled papers (Ebru) from Tagliavia’s collection Traditional Sicilian songs in the sound track
  2. 2. 20000 B.C. Graffiti in Addaura Caves near Palermo Paleolitic caves all around Europe remind us our common origin Lascaux - France Altamira - Cantabria
  3. 3. Carretto siciliano
  4. 4. Phoenicians came from today’s Lebanon In 734 BC they founded Palermo, which was allready existing as a town of an autocton population, the Sicani. Solunto
  5. 5. Festa dei pani di S. Giuseppe in Salemi (Trapani)
  6. 6. Temple E in Selinunte (VII BC)
  7. 7. Doric Temple in Segesta (V BC)
  8. 8. Greek Theatre in Segesta (III BC)
  9. 9. Ballo della cordella in Petralia
  10. 10. <ul><li>Roma (241 BC- 440) </li></ul><ul><li>I Vandali (440- 493) </li></ul><ul><li>Gli Ostrogoti (493-555 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Bisanzio (535-827) </li></ul>
  11. 11. A typical instrument
  12. 12. The Arabs <ul><li>Arab-islamic domination in Sicily started with the landing of Muslims from North Africa in Mazara del Vallo in 827 and lasted until 1091. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Tarantella siciliana
  14. 14. The Normands (1060 – 1194) <ul><li>They came in Sicily as mercenary knights in help of Byzantines who were trying to conquer again Sicily from Arabs whose internal power was in crisis. </li></ul>Palazzo dei Normanni
  15. 15. Zisa Castle ( al-’Azīza = magnificent) Arab and Byzantines architects and artisans contributed to create a style named arab-normand
  16. 16. The Svevi (The Hohenstaufen, a German dinasty) (1185 – 1266) Enrico VI of Hohenstaufen and his grave in the Cathedral of Palermo
  17. 17. Traditional dresses
  18. 18. Federico II Meeting the Sultan Al-Malik al-Kamil De arte venandi cum avibus treatise Many castels were build to establish a strong centralized authority
  19. 19. Turiddu, a typical character
  20. 20. The Angioini (French) (1266 – 1282) Pietro III d'Aragona lands in Trapani manoscritto, Biblioteca Vaticana Statue of Charles I at the Royal Palace, Naples.
  21. 21. Palazzo Steri - 1307
  22. 22. Sicilian Flag It was perhaps in the Aragonese period that the sicilian flag was conceived.
  23. 23. Cows dressed during the celebration in honour of Jesus Nazarenus in S. Giovanni Gemini (Agrigento)
  24. 24. The Aragonese (1282 -1513) During the Spanish domination (which lasted five centuries) Sicily was sometimes directly dependent by the King of Spain and sometimes was governed by a vice-king
  25. 25. Gotico catalano Palazzo Ajutamicristo 1495-1501 Southern portal of the Cathedral 1453 Chiesa di S. Maria della Catena 1490-1520
  26. 26. Trifora in the Archibishop Palace
  27. 27. Carrying water
  28. 28. Gli Spagnoli (Spanish Augsburg ) (1516 – 1713)
  29. 29. I quattro canti o Teatro del Sole
  30. 30. Traditional dresses of Piana degli Albanesi
  31. 31. The Savoia (1713 – 1718) and the Austrian Augsburg ( 1718 – 1734) Charles VI, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
  32. 32. Easter dresses in Piana degli Albanesi
  33. 33. I Borboni (1734 – 1860) Borbone is a family of regnants, originally from Spain and France which held many kingdoms in Italy Rivolts in 1848 in Palermo
  34. 34. 1756 – Palazzo S. Elia
  35. 35. Palazzina cinese - 1799
  36. 36. Holy week in Enna
  37. 37. Giuseppe Garibaldi The so-called “Two worlds eroe” leaded one thousand people (i Mille), to conquer Sicily and join it to the Savoy kingdom of Piemonte. The new Italian Kingdom was born in 1860.
  38. 38. The red shirts of the soldiers of Garibaldi are figthing in Palermo (Giovanni Fattori, Garibaldi in Palermo, 1860-1862, Oil on canvas)
  39. 39. Teatro Massimo - 1897 Paintings of the ceiling of the opera hall
  40. 40. Liberty Palazzo Dato - 1906 Chiosco Ribaudo - 1916
  41. 41. Holy cross procession in Monreale
  42. 42. Allied army lands in Sicily General Patton in Palermo welcomes gen. Montgomery on July 28 ° 1943 at the airport 9 – 10 luglio 1943
  43. 43. Il carro di Santa Rosalia

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