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Mente Y Cuerpo

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El Dualismo, el Monismo y más allá de ellos, como explicación del problema Cuerpo-Mente.

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Mente Y Cuerpo

  1. 1. Mente y Cuerpo Teorías que explican el problema Mente - cuerpo.
  2. 2. Algunas de las teorías <ul><li>El Dualismo </li></ul><ul><li>El Monismo </li></ul><ul><li>Mas allá del monismo y el dualismo </li></ul>
  3. 3. El Dualismo <ul><li>Características: </li></ul><ul><li>Mente y cuerpo, son dos realidades distintas. </li></ul><ul><li>Poseen características y propiedades diferentes. </li></ul><ul><li>Representantes: Platón y R. Descartes </li></ul>
  4. 4. Platón y su Dualismo <ul><li>Filósofo Griego (427-347 a.C ) </li></ul><ul><li>El hombre está compuesto de alma y cuerpo. </li></ul><ul><li>El cuerpo es mortal e imperfecto </li></ul><ul><li>El alma divina e inmortal. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Dualismo Cartesiano <ul><li>R. Descartes: Francés </li></ul><ul><li>(1596- 1650 ) </li></ul><ul><li>El hombre: Ser dual; sustancia pensante y sustancia extensa. </li></ul><ul><li>Mente y cuerpo son distintos e independientes . </li></ul>
  6. 6. El Monismo <ul><li>El ser humano es una unidad. </li></ul><ul><li>Dos tipos de monismo: Espiritualista y Materialista. </li></ul><ul><li>Espiritualista: El hombre es sólo espíritu, lo corporal es un producto de la conciencia. </li></ul><ul><li>Materialista: El hombre es un ser físico y lo mental también. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Tipos de Monismo <ul><li>El conductismo : Las acciones humanas son producto de un estímulo externo, la mente no explica las conductas. </li></ul><ul><li>Relación Estímulo- Respuesta en el comportamiento humano. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>La Teoría de la Identidad: Los estados mentales son estados neurofisiológicos. </li></ul><ul><li>Lo mental se reduce a lo físico, causa las acciones o conductas. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Mas allá del monismo y el dualismo <ul><li>El Funcionalismo. </li></ul><ul><li>El Dualismo de Propiedades. </li></ul><ul><li>El Personalismo. </li></ul>
  10. 10. El Funcionalismo <ul><li>Afirman que los procesos mentales se producen por estados físicos, pero no los identifican. </li></ul><ul><li>Los estados mentales se caracterizan por el conjunto de relaciones que establecen. </li></ul>
  11. 11. El Dualismo de Propiedades <ul><li>Afirman que el hombre es una realidad física.Monismo </li></ul><ul><li>Pero esta realidad produce propiedades físicas y mentales. </li></ul><ul><li>Lo físico y mental tienen características distintas. Dualismo. </li></ul>
  12. 12. El Personalismo <ul><li>El hombre es un ser corporal y espiritual </li></ul><ul><li>No expone como se da la relación pero se dan en la misma proporción. </li></ul>

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