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  1. 1. FORMER STUDIES AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS ON THE HISTORIC CENTRE OF BUCHAREST which may be related to the “HERA” project Maria BOSTENARU DAN „ Ion Mincu“ University of Architecture and Urbanism
  2. 2. Usability of models
  3. 3. Previous studies <ul><li>GIS data </li></ul><ul><li>Restoration project </li></ul><ul><li>Study of a street </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanism plans for the historic centre of „Ion Mincu“ University (without participation of the presenter) </li></ul><ul><li>Application of the study of a street for emergency planning and of the „safety structure“ for urban analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Proposals for disaster management provisions in urbanism plans </li></ul>
  4. 4. Previous studies <ul><li>Karlsruhe, Germany (cooperation with Romania) </li></ul><ul><li>Bucharest, Romania </li></ul><ul><li>Known studies of urban planning applications for disaster management in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Istanbul, Turkey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crotone, Italy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nice, France (RISK-UE, also involving Romania) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>GIS data gathered in april 2000 within the SFB 461 (German Research Foundation) project „Strong earthquakes“ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maria Bostenaru Dan – research assistant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Compilation of the form </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leading student team </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes part of the historic centre from the HERA project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Largest part: the N-S boulevard with Modernist buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data available for the doctorate of Maria Bostenaru </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Restoration project done as a student at then „Ion Mincu“ Architecture Institute for the historic area of Lipscani street </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Highlights need of 3D information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restoration can be extended to integrated conservation regarding the interdisciplinarity of architecture and urbanism </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Study of Col ţ ea street, on the other side of the boulevard as the historic centre, done as a student at then „Ion Mincu“ Architecture Institute </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated in the doctorate research at Universität Karlsruhe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paper for Natural Hazards‘ and Earth System Sciences about the importance of zoning for risk management </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Study in course <ul><li>HERA project „Multihazard and vulnerability in the seismic context of the city of Bucharest“ </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the University of Bucharest team </li></ul><ul><li>Architectural vulnerability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Typological view instead of sub-zone view (for building types in Bucharest see ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vulnerability as a result of urban planning decisions (type of parcels, disposition of high buildings in the centre with site effects etc) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>SFB 461 project </li></ul><ul><li>Karlsruhe, Germany </li></ul><ul><li>on Vrancea earthquakes and Bucharest </li></ul>GIS and disaster management study of a central zone in Bucharest
  10. 10. Whole site studied in SFB 461 - Germany
  11. 11. GIS database <ul><li>MS Access database </li></ul><ul><li>GIS vectorial shapes </li></ul><ul><li>Photographs </li></ul><ul><li>Data from field study and maps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>building age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>height </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>function etc </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Right: Coltea street </li></ul><ul><li>Left: northern part of Lipscani street with the site for the restoration project in the following slides </li></ul><ul><li>The part not included here is more relevant for architectural vulnerability </li></ul>Overlaping of the SFB 461 study zone with the one in the HERA project
  13. 13. <ul><li>3D data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Height </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roof shape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retiring levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(soft storey) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Photography for facades or even 3D reconstruction with PhotoModeller or similar software (not yet available from the German part) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Roof shape
  15. 15. Restoration project in Lipscani street
  16. 16. <ul><li>Student restoration project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inclusion of students in larger research of the department (the current department where employed) on the historic centre </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3D in a restoration project because </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated development of more parcels can be choosen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The proposed development can have different height </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The harmony with the height and facades of neighbouring buildings must be thought for </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Site on Lipscani street
  18. 18. Neighbouring building
  19. 19. Aerial view of the historic centre
  20. 20. Building site on Lipscani street and legend for evaluation of buildings
  21. 21. Evaluation of building
  22. 22. Evaluation of building
  23. 23. Evaluation of building
  24. 24. Ground floor of the integrated development
  25. 25. First floor of the integrated development
  26. 26. <ul><li>Extension over the building with vaults </li></ul>Second floor of the integrated development
  27. 27. Basement of the integrated development
  28. 28. <ul><li>Note the upper extension </li></ul>Sections
  29. 29. <ul><li>Note the changes and the relationshiop with the neighbouring building </li></ul>Facades
  30. 30. Study of a street
  31. 31. <ul><li>The importance of the street as urban element </li></ul><ul><li>Is representative for a detail urbanism plan </li></ul><ul><li>More recently during the doctoral study the analysis of the street photography (paper to be written) </li></ul><ul><li>The image of the street is altered by replacement of buildings after an earthquake strikes or changes in the look after retrofit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The problem of memory </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Study presented in the paper
  33. 33. <ul><li>Information on height different of information on number of storeys </li></ul>Street profiles
  34. 34. Parcours of the street
  35. 35. <ul><li>Affected by changes in reconstruction/retrofit of buildings </li></ul>Street image analysis
  36. 36. Street image analysis
  37. 37. <ul><li>Useful also for disaster studies, the mentioned evacuation waysş to be combined with GIS </li></ul>Street profile analysis
  38. 38. <ul><li>Coltea street </li></ul>Example of 3D analysis in urban planning
  39. 39. Urbanism plan
  40. 40. <ul><li>performed at the university/department of the presenter before her employment and after finishing studies </li></ul><ul><li>To check permits of including in the study </li></ul>Urbanism plans for the historic centre
  41. 41. <ul><li>Historic centre </li></ul><ul><li>Study by Nicolae Lascu and team „Ion Mincu“ University of Architecture and Urbanism Department of History & Theory of Architecture and Heritage Conservation in 2002 -2003 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>not partner in the project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>maybe for future projects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>See at: </li></ul><ul><li> (including documents) </li></ul><ul><li> (urbanism plan of allowed interventions for the historic centre, including Lipscani and Col ţ ea streets) </li></ul>
  42. 42. Future plans
  43. 43. Use of 3D for the study of a street, as being representative for an area <ul><ul><li>Present and future: Changes induces by earthquakes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Comparison to photography (rendering?) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study of evacuation ways – the area occupied by a building after collapse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Also the SFB study contained data on streets for evacuation (emergency planning) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposal for inclusion in the urban plan regulation of provisions for disasters (Cristina Gociman) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Struttura urbana minima, struttura urbana strategica (Crotone project, Italy, Agostino Goretti) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Zoning (see also the cited NHESS article) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inclusion of disaster issues in the urban regeneration, restructuring of historic centres (incl. integrated conservation) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  44. 44. THANK YOU!