smoking

1,174 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,174
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
15
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • I am an assistant professor at the Hashemite University in Jordan <a href=“http://www.hu.edu.jo”>hu</a> and my specialty is community health nursing. I have done research in several areas such as air pollution, self administration of chronic medications, and smoking behaviors among adolescents.
  • smoking

    1. 1. Smoking in Jordan Kawkab Shishani, PhD
    2. 2. Objectives <ul><ul><li>Describe effects of smoking on health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>List reasons for smoking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>among Jordanian adolescents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe the ways that assist in fighting smoking at the primary level of prevention </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Smoking in the World <ul><li>Worldwide, there are 1.1 billion smokers; of them: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>800 million live in developing countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>300 million live in developed countries </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. What is Tobacco <ul><li>Tobacco is a broad-leafed plant of the nightshade family. The plant can grow to a height of 1 to 1.5 meters. </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco is smoked in cigars, cigarettes, and hubble- bubble. </li></ul>
    5. 5.   Cigarette Components: Nicotine <ul><ul><li>Nicotine is an alkaloid, colorless and rapidly absorbed from the lungs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reaches the brain within 8 minutes </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Cigarette Components: Tar <ul><li>Carcinogenic, viscid, and brown to black in color </li></ul>
    7. 7.   Cigarette Components: CO (carbon monoxide) <ul><li>Highly toxic gas </li></ul><ul><li>Binds to the hemoglobin in the blood </li></ul>
    8. 8. Passive Smoking <ul><li>Passive smoking is when a non-smoking person inhales smoke involuntarily; this is also called second hand smoking </li></ul>
    9. 9. How does smoking cause addiction? <ul><li>Nicotine absorbed from the cigarettes binds to receptors located in the brain </li></ul><ul><li>This binding causes the release of Dopamine, acetylcholine… </li></ul>
    10. 10. Farming and the manufacture of tobacco in Jordan <ul><li>Tobacco plantations take up 1% of Jordan’s farming land and approximately 1,500 farmers work on these plantations </li></ul><ul><li>There are six domestic companies in Jordan that manufacture tobacco </li></ul>
    11. 11. Smoking in Jordan <ul><li>21% of teenagers that are between the ages 13-15 smoke: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>15% female </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>25% male </li></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Reasons for smoking in Jordan <ul><li>Smoking is one of the most negative habits among teenagers and adults in Jordan </li></ul>
    13. 13. Fighting Smoking <ul><li>Focusing on the early stages of life to ensure that they don’t smoke when they grow older </li></ul><ul><li>Legislations to prohibit selling cigarettes to minors </li></ul>
    14. 14. Fighting Smoking <ul><li>The development of governmental and non- governmental organizations to help those who want to quit smoking </li></ul>
    15. 15. Fighting Smoking <ul><li>The Jordanian legislative priorities: Public health promotion </li></ul>

    ×