Environmental Affairs




 Presented by



 Christian Dumas
 Vice President Environmental Affairs




                    ...
Background
                                                                              Aviation and fossile fuels
      ...
Background
                                                                              What aviation is proposing



   ...
Background
                                                                              Targets for 2020 ACARE*
         ...
Background
                                                                              Alternative fuels: short/Medium t...
Where we are
                                                                              What are the options?
         ...
Where we are
                                                                              Fuel type impact




          ...
Where we are
                                                                              Feedstocks

                   ...
Where we are
                                                                              Fuel Readiness Levels (Best Pra...
Where we are
                                                                              Messages, Issues ... and Expect...
And what’s next?

                                                                                                        ...
And what’s next?


                                                                                                       ...
Conclusion
                                                                              Partnership to support (Aviation)...
THANK YOU!

                                                                              Air transport is essential
     ...
© AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and
                                                                    ...
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Dumas airbus

  1. 1. Environmental Affairs Presented by Christian Dumas Vice President Environmental Affairs Airbus Alternative Fuels European Bio-fuels Technology Platform 3rd Stakeholder Plenary Meeting April 14th, 2010
  2. 2. Background Aviation and fossile fuels PETROLEUM FUEL FOR TRANSPORT (%) 100 Source : Air Transport Action Group 80% 12% 8% 0 Impact on climate change © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. Progressive Price volatility* depletion * ~40% airlines operating costs in 2008
  3. 3. Background What aviation is proposing CO2 Technologies, Operations, Air Traffic Management Additional technology and biofuels Economic measures CNG 100 2020 © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. -50% by 2050 2005 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050
  4. 4. Background Targets for 2020 ACARE* * Advisory Council for Aeronautics Research in Europe The ACARE targets represent a doubling of the historical rate of improvement… -80% -50% -50% NOX Emission Perceived © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. CO2 Emission Noise “We want to make our aircraft even more efficient,cleaner and quieter.” Thomas Enders President and CEO Airbus
  5. 5. Background Alternative fuels: short/Medium term requirement Distribution network No parking lots in the air  © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.
  6. 6. Where we are What are the options? TYPE Conventional Alcohols Bio Esters Synthetic Hydrogenated Cryogenic (“Kerosene”) Fuels xTL Biomass HBO Fuels Non- CTL Liquefied  Renewable Natural Gas C  (Fossil) BIO- A Jet Fuel JET T GTL E FUELS Renewable Liquid Fame  G Ethanol … Hydrogen 10% lower O 35% lower energy BTL Hydrogenated © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. energy content, Vegetable Oils Low energy R content -5°C Freeze point… content per Y     unit volume, Availability, Infrastructure * FAME =Fatty Acid Methyl Esters CTL, GTL & BTL = Coal, Gas or Biomass to Liquid EBTP 3rd Stakeholder Plenary Meeting
  7. 7. Where we are Fuel type impact FAME : FL limitation (avoids freezing) NRT FAME : starts freezing (no FL limitation) Ethanol JET A1 / xTL / HBO © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. SYD EBTP 3rd Stakeholder Plenary Meeting
  8. 8. Where we are Feedstocks Jatropha? Camelina? Rotation Crops © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. Halophytes? Algae? (Salicornia)
  9. 9. Where we are Fuel Readiness Levels (Best Practice ICAO 2009) FRL Description Exit Criteria 1 Basic Principles Feedstock / Process Observed / Reported 2 Concept Formulated Feedstock / Complete Process identified. 3 Proof of Concept Basic Fuel Properties Validated at Lab Scale Energy Balance 4.1 Preliminary Technical System Perf. & Integration Studies 4.2 Evaluation Entry Criteria/Specification Properties 5 Process Validation Scaling from Laboratory to Pilot plant Full-Scale Technical 6 Fuel Properties, Rig and Engine Testing Evaluation 7 Fuel Approval Fuel Class/Type Listed in Int’l Fuel Standards Particulates 8 Commercialization Commercial Purchase Agreements Measurements Production Capability © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. 9 Full Scale Plant Operational Established Facility Specific Green House Gas Assessment* Certification Business & Legend: R&D Qualification Economics
  10. 10. Where we are Messages, Issues ... and Expectations Alternative Commercialisation Fuels work! 7 – 10 years away too slow Aviation has limited solutions Missing common sustainability Other industries analysis. Why © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. invest? have alternatives 30% Aviation Biofuels by 2030?
  11. 11. And what’s next? Time for action not talk • (Some) R&T already delivered, let’s deploy and implement  Clarified sustainability criteria – not only European RED  Lifecycle analysis • More R&T needed on e.g. algae  Also building on early industrial experience © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. • Government support through policy and incentives  Prioritisation of Energy types for different transport modes  Tax incentives / carbon credits EBTP 3rd Stakeholder Plenary Meeting
  12. 12. And what’s next? Investors to invest… • Cross industry approach  Aircraft / Engine Manufacturers to provide technical support for qualification  Airlines (ready ?) to commit to quantities • Investors needed! © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.  Growing local economies in various world locations  JVs with airlines groupings?  Focus on Aviation! • Price, price, price… EBTP 3rd Stakeholder Plenary Meeting
  13. 13. Conclusion Partnership to support (Aviation) bio-fuels • Airbus will continue to develop both R&T and industrialization focused projects • Airbus will continue to look for collaboration projects with (Aviation) counterparts  EBTP as a very helpful pillar • Projects with:  New sustainable feedstocks / processes  Complete Bio-fuels development process from feedstock selection © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. to test-flying  Fuel approval projects  Regular revenue flights using Bio-fuels  Higher proportion blends EBTP 3rd Stakeholder Plenary Meeting
  14. 14. THANK YOU! Air transport is essential Flying is a wonderful thing Tremendous progress in efficiency over the years Being eco-efficient makes good business sense We are committed to eco-efficient growth… © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. … more value with less environmental impact This is only the (bio-fuel) beginning!
  15. 15. © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. This document and all information contained herein is the sole property of AIRBUS S.A.S.. No intellectual property rights are granted by the delivery of this document or the disclosure of its content. This document shall not be reproduced or disclosed to a third party without the express written consent of AIRBUS S.A.S. This document and its content shall not be used for any purpose other than that for which it is supplied. The statements made herein do not constitute an offer. They are based on the mentioned assumptions and are expressed in good faith. Where the supporting grounds for these statements are not shown, AIRBUS S.A.S. will be pleased to explain the basis thereof. AIRBUS, its logo, A300, A310, A318, A319, A320, A321, A330, A340, A350, A380, A400M are registered trademarks. © AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

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