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  • Good evening, ladies. I downloaded your presentation so that I could listen to your slides and view the information you presented for the rest of the class. Positives -- The information you posted was thorough You hit on the highlights that students would need to understand about the Social Structures that were found within Victorian England. You focused on the social classes that were present during the period, the jobs people had, the wages they earned, the entertainment in which they engaged, the houses in which they lived, and the roles each social class played in politics. Suggestions-- There are several things that could be improved. 1. Your narration needs to be revisited. There are many 'uhs' and 'ums' that become quite distracting when an individual is listening to your slides. 2. Add more information in your narration in several places. (i.e. When you are discussing how these social classes/systems can be seen in A Doll's House. Be sure to prove what you are saying with evidence from text. How do you know of which class Torvald and Nora are a part? Be sure to state Acts and pg. #s in which the information you gathered is exemplified). 3. You need to explain and give more information in other areas of your presentation. For example, what is cockfighting? You should explain this to your audience. What are tenemants? Who is John Stuart Mills? Why was he interested in women's suffrage? Give more information on the Entertainment slide. It moved so quickly that it could not be read. What are quilting bees? Your job is to make sure your audience understands exactly what you are saying. 4. Visuals -- Right now your slides are pretty boring. I know that you can add graphics to enhance your presentation. 5. Background noise -- This isn't your fault. I sent your presentation to Mrs. Ritchie so that she could give us ideas how to make the sound clearer and more crisp. Right now I can hear people speaking in the background, and a couple of you sound muffled.
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  1. 1. Social Structures in the Victorian Era Mugisha Niyibizi, Rachel Lengerich, Hanah Ho, and Morgan Golin
  2. 2. Separation of Classes <ul><li>Upper Class </li></ul><ul><li>Middle Class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Upper Middle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower Middle </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lower Class </li></ul><ul><li>Men </li></ul><ul><li>Women </li></ul>
  3. 3. Jobs <ul><li>Upper Class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nobility, aristocracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Didn’t Work </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Upper Middle Class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Law, judges, clergy, physicians </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Middle Class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skilled labor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Governesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Craftsmen, Mechanical Engineers, Blacksmiths </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Jobs continued <ul><li>Lower Middle Class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Semi-skilled workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Textile workers, dairy workers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lower Class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction workers, farmers, servants, maids, coachmen, butlers, gardeners </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Working Women (Lower class women only) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dress makers, washer women, needle workers, slop workers </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Wages <ul><li>Aristocrats: £ 30,000 per year </li></ul><ul><li>Merchants, Bankers: £ 10,000 per year </li></ul><ul><li>Doctors, Lawyers, Clerks: £ 300-800 per year </li></ul><ul><li>Laborers: £ 25 per year </li></ul>
  6. 6. Housing <ul><li>Upper Class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Red brick or wood, creative styles, towers, balconies, big windows, partial or full porch, steep roof </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Floral wallpaper, rich, dark colors, much furniture, running water, gas, lighting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Middle Class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Terraced housing, some indoor plumbing, front parlor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clean, decent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Middle-Lower Class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tenements </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Role in Government <ul><li>Upper class maintained control </li></ul><ul><li>Upper class deprived middle class and lower class </li></ul><ul><li>Aristocracies, families held power </li></ul><ul><li>By 1880, more than half elected Parliament nobles </li></ul>
  8. 8. Events that influenced government <ul><li>People’s Charter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>April 10, 1948 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Universal Suffrage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reform Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1867 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Household suffrage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doubled number of voters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ideas of Karl Marx </li></ul>
  9. 9. Women in government <ul><li>Did not have suffrage rights </li></ul><ul><li>John Stuart Mill’s attempt to gain suffrage for women failed </li></ul>
  10. 10. Authors and Scientists <ul><li>Mostly upper class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charlotte, Anne, and Emily Bronte, Jane Austen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sir Walter Scott, Charles Dickens, Lewis Carroll, Rudyard Kipling, Oscar Wilde </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Darwin (educated and traveled) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Entertainment <ul><li>Sunday was often only day of leisure for all except upper class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious families partook in activities such as attending church and quiet reflection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Church social activities and dances </li></ul><ul><li>Interest in theater and the arts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Music, drama, opera widely attended </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Upper class: holidays by train to seaside areas and towns </li></ul>
  12. 12. Entertainment for Men <ul><li>Card tables for games such as poker, roulette, faro, monte, etc. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gambling very popular </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Played or watched rugby, football (soccer), cricket </li></ul><ul><li>Unsavory types participated in cock fighting, rat pits, burlesque, drinking, gambling, billiards, and prostitution </li></ul>
  13. 13. Entertainment for Women <ul><li>Charitable causes </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s lives revolved around church and social reform </li></ul><ul><li>Quilting bees </li></ul><ul><li>Embroidery </li></ul>
  14. 14. A Doll’s House <ul><li>Men and women’s rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal rights </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Upper Middle Class (Torvald and Nora and Dr. Rank) </li></ul><ul><li>Middle Class (Krogstad) </li></ul><ul><li>Lower Middle (Mrs. Linde) </li></ul><ul><li>Entertainment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fancy Dress Ball </li></ul></ul><ul><li>£ 250 debt: almost doctor’s annual salary </li></ul>
  15. 15. A Doll’s House <ul><li>Housing: upper middle class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Porch, ball upstairs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lack of social freedoms of lower classes lessened “honor” in class standing </li></ul><ul><li>Ibsen unlike authors of time </li></ul><ul><li>Holidays by train </li></ul>
  16. 16. Sources <ul><li>www.Victorianweb.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.aboutbritain.com/articles/victorian-houses.asp </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ancestry.com/learn/library/article.aspx?article=6963 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.erasofelegance.com/history/victorianarts.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.victorianweb.org/history/work/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.victorianweb.org/history/Class.html </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.english.uwosh.edu/roth/VictorianEngland.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.Channel4.com/history/microsites/H/history/guide19/part04.html </li></ul><ul><li>www.Channel4.com/history/microsites/H/history/guide19/part05.html </li></ul>