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Chapter 7 Notes


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Chapter 7 Notes

  1. 1. Chapter 7 The Transformation of American Society
  2. 2. Section One: The New Immigrants <ul><li>Old immigrants were mostly protestant and from North-West Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Most new immigrants were from Southern or Eastern Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Traveled in poor conditions ( steerage ) </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>They arrived at either Ellis Island (East Coast) or Angel Island (West Coast) </li></ul><ul><li>They were inspected by officials and then given a physical exam </li></ul><ul><li>Benevolent Societies- aid organizations that helped immigrants in cases of sickness, unemployment, or death </li></ul>
  4. 4. Section One Continued <ul><li>Nativists- Many native born Americans saw immigrants as the source of problems </li></ul><ul><li>Denis Kearny- Irish immigrant, leader of workingman’s party who incited people to be violent towards the Chinese </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Chinese Exclusion Act- passed by congress in 1882, denied citizenship and prohibited immigration of Chinese laborers. </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration Restriction League- tried to impose literacy tests on immigrants </li></ul>
  6. 6. Section 2: The Urban World <ul><li>Skyscrapers- large, multistory building, steel frames made them possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Elisha Otis- Developed mechanized elevator. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass tranist- forms of public transport such as electric trains, subways, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Suburbs- residential neighborhoods on edges of city </li></ul>
  7. 7. Section 2 continued <ul><li>Upper Class Life </li></ul><ul><li>Nouveau Riche- a new class of wealthy people like Carnagie and Rockefeller </li></ul><ul><li>Conspicuous Consumption- spending wealth freely to show it off </li></ul>
  8. 8. Section 2 continued <ul><li>How the poor lived </li></ul><ul><li>Tenements- poorly built apartments. Sickness and death were common. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Settlement Houses- community service centers in poor neighborhoods, like Jane Adams Hull House in Chicago. </li></ul><ul><li>Social Gospel- applying Christian principles to address social problems. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>The end :] </li></ul>