Spleen is......


Published on

Published in: Education, Business
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Spleen is......

  1. 1. By: Margaret Oster SPLEEN
  2. 2. Spleen is......... <ul><li>part of the lymph system and the immune system.

  3. 3. is an organ that creates lymphocytes for the destruction and recycling of old red-blood cells
  4. 4. is also a blood reservoir, supplies the body with blood in emergencies such as a bad cut </li></ul>
  5. 5. Shape/Size and Location <ul><li>The spleen is shaped like a loose fist and is tucked under the left side of the diaphragm. It is protected by the rib cage.
  6. 6. Average weight of an adult spleen is 0.44 lbs. During and after digestion, the size of the spleen increases. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Functions... <ul><li>Filtering blood </li><ul><li>When blood flows through your spleen, white blood cells attack and remove any foreign invaders. This keeps your blood clean and helps protect you against infection. </li></ul><li>Destroying old red-blood cells </li><ul><li>Red blood cells have a lifespan of around 120 days, after which your spleen breaks them down. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Functions <ul><li>Making blood cells </li><ul><li>Before birth, fetuses produce red and white blood cells in their spleens.
  9. 9. Shortly before birth the spleen loses its ability to make red blood cells and bone marrow takes over this job. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Splenomegaly Spleen enlargement <ul><li>Spleen enlargement is not a disease in itself but the result of an underlying disorder.
  11. 11. Because of its wide variety of functions, the spleen may be affected by many conditions involving the blood or lymphatic system, and by infection, malignancies, liver disease, and parasites. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Splenomegaly diagnoses <ul><li>Usually doctors can feel an enlarged spleen, but x-rays and other imaging tests may be used to determine how large the spleen is. </li></ul>normal Enlarged
  13. 13. Splenomegaly Treatment <ul><li>is usually aimed at the underlying problem. </li><ul><li>Antibiotics may be used to treat infections and chemotherapy or radiation may help bring Hodgkin's disease into remission. </li></ul><li>If an enlarged spleen causes serious complications or the underlying problem can't be identified or treated, splenectomy* may be an option.
  14. 14. *surgical removal of your spleen </li></ul>
  15. 15. Splenectomy <ul><li>The spleen can be removed through a classic, open incision or
  16. 16. laparoscopically (describes the performance of surgical procedures with the assistance of a video camera and several thin instruments.) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Splenectomy Complications <ul><li>Increased susceptibility to severe infections, especially with organisms such as Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis
  18. 18. Thrombocytosis (increased platelet count, which can cause blood clots)
  19. 19. Destruction of red blood cells </li></ul>
  20. 20. Conclusion When thinking about different body organs you usually don't have the Spleen on the top of the list. The spleen is important in keeping you healthy and infection free. Yes you can live without a spleen but you will have to take a lot of precautions and take plenty of medications to cover what the spleen did automatically.