What Makes A Good Speaker


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What Makes A Good Speaker

  1. 1. What makes a good speaker? <ul><li>Objectifs de la le çon : </li></ul><ul><li>to understand what your learning style is and how to improve your memory </li></ul><ul><li>to understand what makes a good speaker </li></ul><ul><li>To learn techniques/tips to help you become more confident </li></ul>
  2. 2. First, let’s look at what learner you are…
  3. 3. Visual Learner <ul><li>You… </li></ul><ul><li>learn best by seeing </li></ul><ul><li>speak quickly, hold your head up, shoulders straight </li></ul><ul><li>are a good long term planner </li></ul><ul><li>are a good speller </li></ul><ul><li>memorise by strong visual associations </li></ul>
  4. 4. Auditory Learner <ul><li>You… </li></ul><ul><li>learn best through hearing </li></ul><ul><li>like to listen to talks, music </li></ul><ul><li>are a good story teller </li></ul><ul><li>talks to yourself (first sign of madness eh eh) </li></ul><ul><li>like talking more than writing </li></ul><ul><li>are easily distracted by noise </li></ul>
  5. 5. Kinaesthetic Learner <ul><li>You… </li></ul><ul><li>learn best by doing and through movement </li></ul><ul><li>are often a good athlete </li></ul><ul><li>speak more slowly </li></ul><ul><li>memorise by moving around, walking etc.. </li></ul><ul><li>gesture a lot </li></ul><ul><li>don’t mind clutter/mess on your desk/in bedroom… </li></ul><ul><li>use action words when speaking </li></ul><ul><li>want to act things out </li></ul>
  6. 6. Memory and you…
  7. 7. Why we all need visual memory The key is to match your learning style to the way in which you are going to be tested for your speaking exam Because most tests are written, and retrieval of verbal information (words) is greatly enhanced when the learner has stored pictures in their brain/is using visual memory, all learners will want to improve their ability to ‘ visualise ’ when they learn.
  8. 8. Why music will enhance memory One beat per second music relaxes the heart, blood pressure reduces, you feel more relaxed but your mind stays in an alert state
  9. 9. Why you are what you eat! If you eat peanuts or raw almonds about 20 minutes before exams, some research has found that you think better and faster. Eating protein helps you to think more clearly for longer periods of time. (N/A for those with nut allergies obviously!)
  10. 10. Techniques to help you remember your speaking exam
  11. 11. Look over the material ( topics for eg ) before you read it thoroughly. Check the questions titles and any key word in each answer. This gives the brain an overview of what’s in the topics Summarise
  12. 12. Read for a purpose. Read to answer your own questions ( topics/pres ). Read
  13. 13. In a notebook, turn all the paragraphs ( presentation for eg ) into questions for you to answer. Who? What? Where? When? Why? How? Question
  14. 14. Recite the material to yourself. Create spider diagrams with pictures that summarise what you have read. Hold the summary up to your visual memory and rehearse the material. Snap a picture of your summary and place it in your visual memory. Remember
  15. 15. Review material just before the test Use your visual memory Listen to 60-beat per second music to accelerate your learning Sit or stand exactly as you do when you are feeling your most successful! Review
  16. 16. Now, what makes a good speaker…
  17. 17. <ul><li>Volume </li></ul><ul><li>All words can be heard and understood easily </li></ul><ul><li>You stress and emphasize certain word/phrases to focus attention and add interest to what you are saying </li></ul><ul><li>Certain words are said a little differently to give them a special meaning </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Pace </li></ul><ul><li>Pace is appropriate: you are not speaking too slowly or too quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Your French is flowing fluently rather than words being said one after the other </li></ul><ul><li>You know when to pause when you reach the end of sentences </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Pronunciation </li></ul><ul><li>Your pronunciation is clear and precise </li></ul><ul><li>You know not to pronounce silent letters in words </li></ul><ul><li>You make sure that “é” /”tion” sounds for eg are heard clearly </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>The language is appropriate to the topic asked </li></ul><ul><li>You are using the correct tenses depending on the question asked/topic you are talking about </li></ul><ul><li>You give answers with the correct word order </li></ul><ul><li>You give answers with opinions,connectives,adverbs… </li></ul>
  21. 21. To finish… what can help you before and during the exam…
  22. 22. <ul><li>Learn to put your hand up in class to contribute to activities to build up your confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Know that most people in the class are as shy as you when speaking French </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine there is no one else in the room </li></ul><ul><li>Think about how a French person would say the words </li></ul><ul><li>Practise at home out loud to get used to the sound of your French voice. Practise with a friend according to your learning style </li></ul><ul><li>Know that it’s ok to make mistakes when you are practising in class. I will help you correct the pronunciation </li></ul><ul><li>Make Q cards of your work to help you break it down. It will look less daunting </li></ul><ul><li>Come to revision classes after school to practise in small groups or 1-1 </li></ul><ul><li>Do a “real time exam” practise as it will show you exactly what to expect on the day… </li></ul><ul><li>The more you practise with me the more comfortable you will get (TRUST ME  ) </li></ul>
  23. 23. On the day… <ul><li>Why not bring a lucky charm? </li></ul><ul><li>You will be sat opposite me with a table and tape recorder between us so sit tall to show you are in control and you know your answers </li></ul><ul><li>Try to sit still and not move your legs or play with papers on the table </li></ul><ul><li>Think about your visual memory and “see” your answers in your brain </li></ul><ul><li>You can mime the answers as you say them if you learnt certain action for words when revising </li></ul><ul><li>Speak clear and loud enough </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t slouch on your chair </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid “eum” after every word/phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Take deep breaths and remember that in 10-12 min time it will be all over </li></ul>
  24. 24. Grades for speaking Grade A
  25. 25. Grade C
  26. 26. Bonne chance!