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  1. 1. 2003-04 Basketball Rules On-Line Review 1661 Ramblewood Drive East Lansing, MI 48823 517.332.5046 Nate Hampton, Assistant Director
  2. 2. High School Sports: It’s About TEAM! Visit the MHSAA Web site to view this new video about the true mission of high school sports and other related resources
  3. 3. Head Coaches Requested To Attend Rules Meetings Coaches of all levels and positions are requested to ! attend. Head coaches who do not attend must pass an ! examination. Schools are required to have a representative ! attend at least every other year to be eligible for the MHSAA tournament. MHSAA registered and qualified officials ! interested in working the tournament are required to attend rules meetings.
  4. 4. Point of Emphasis ! Michigan Public Law 187 Public school employees and volunteers are – prohibited from promoting or supplying dietary supplements which carry claims of enhanced athletic performance. The law covers androstenedione, creatine and any compound labeled as performance enhancing.
  5. 5. Point of Emphasis ! Michigan Public Law 187 – Don’t recommend – Don’t provide – Don’t permit – …any performance enhancing drugs or products ! Learn and follow your school’s Drug Policy ! MHSAA Handbook, p. 88
  6. 6. Player Unconscious or Apparently Unconscious !A player may not return to participate in that game without written authorization from a physician
  7. 7. Handling Body Fluids
  8. 8. Handling Body Fluids ! Be prepared with know how - district policy ! Appropriate first-aid supplies ! Extra uniforms/equipment
  9. 9. Back Side of Officials Identification Card
  10. 10. Coaches Box ! Officials and coaches are expected to enforce and abide by the regulations as written
  11. 11. Coaches Box ! Officials and coaches are expected to enforce and abide by the regulations as written
  12. 12. Coaches Box
  13. 13. Coaches Box
  14. 14. MHSAA/Member School HANDBOOK Regulations Awards: Regulation I, Section 11 Section 11(A) - A student may accept, for participation in ! athletics, a symbolic or merchandise award which does not have a fair market value or cost in excess of $25. Section 11(B) - Awards for athletic participation in the form ! of cash, merchandise certificates, or any other type of negotiable documents are never allowed. Section 11(E) - A student violating this Regulation shall be ! ineligible for interscholastic competition for a period of not less than one full semester from the date of the student’s last violation.
  15. 15. MHSAA/Member School HANDBOOK Regulations Awards: Regulation I, Section 11 Interpretation # 107 - Acceptance of game balls ! from contests in which the student participated does not violate the Awards Regulation. Interpretation # 110 – Prior to graduation, senior ! athletes may accept monetary awards designated for continuing education after their graduation without loss of high school eligibility as long as the award is based wholly or in part on academic achievement.
  16. 16. MHSAA/Member School HANDBOOK Regulations: All Star Contests: Regulation I Section 13(B) - A student shall not compete at any ! time in any MHSAA Tournament sport in any of the following events: (1) Any event which is or purports to be an “All-Star” • contest, regardless of the method of selection; (2) “All-Star” fund-raising events or similar exhibitions • if they involve contestants other than the student and faculty of that student’s school; (3) Any event which is or purports to be a national high • school championship, or the qualification thereto.
  17. 17. MHSAA/Member School HANDBOOK Regulations All-Star Contests: Interpretation 144 If based on performance during a camp open to all ! students, then students may be selected for and compete in feature contests at the end of that camp. However, it is a violation of the all-star regulation to invite a limited number of students to a camp on the basis of their demonstrated interscholastic ability, place them on teams and play games between those teams.
  18. 18. MHSAA/Member School HANDBOOK Regulations Open Gym: Regulation II, Section 11(G) 2c Any coach of a sport under MHSAA jurisdiction ! who is present shall not coach, instruct, critique, direct, evaluate or participate in a sport he/she coaches.
  19. 19. Taunting/Unsportsmanlike Conduct
  20. 20. Taunting/Unsportsmanlike Conduct ! Coaches and officials shall be responsible for the conduct of both players and non-players. Officials shall penalize any unsportsmanlike acts once they have assumed authority of the contest.
  21. 21. Taunting/Unsportsmanlike Conduct The NFHS, the MHSAA, local conferences and school districts disapprove of any form of taunting which is intended or designed to embarrass, ridicule or demean others under any circumstances including on the basis of race, religion, gender or national origin; including but not limited to: Baiting or taunting acts or words or insignia worn which ! engenders ill will Using profanity, insulting or vulgar language or gestures ! Any delayed or excessive or prolonged act by which a player ! attempts to focus attention upon oneself Refusing to comply with an official’s request !
  22. 22. Sportsmanship ! All indoor MHSAA Tournament venues will require spectators to wear shirts – even over painted bodies.
  23. 23. Tobacco & Alcohol Policy ! Coaches & Officials - Use of tobacco products of any kind within sight of players and/or spectators and use of alcohol during a contest or at any time before it on the day of the contest is prohibited
  24. 24. Videotaping Or Filming A Game ! Member schools may prohibit filming and/or videotaping of practice sessions and intrasquad scrimmages.
  25. 25. MHSAA/NFHS Ball Information
  26. 26. MHSAA/NFHS Ball Information ! The MHSAA will use the Rawlings Compmich 285 B for girls and Compmich B for boys in Semifinals and Finals Tournament play. ! IMPORTANT: The National Federation authenticating mark IS be required on balls used in varsity contests.
  27. 27. Boys & Girls Finals Tournament Format Girls at Rose Arena - Mt. Pleasant – Dec. 4-Dec. 6 Boys at Breslin Center - East Lansing - March 25-27 Semifinals (Same order for both tournaments): ! Thursday: 1 p.m. & 2:50 p.m. Class C 6 p.m. & 7:50 p.m. Class D ! Friday: 1 p.m. & 2:50 p.m. Class A 6 p.m. & 7:50 p.m. Class B
  28. 28. Boys & Girls Finals Tournament Format Girls at Rose Arena - Mt. Pleasant – Dec. 4-Dec. 6 Boys at Breslin Center - East Lansing - March 25-27 Girls Finals - Saturday: ! 11 a.m. & 1:30 p.m: Classes D & A 5 & 7:30 p.m: Classes C & B !
  29. 29. Boys & Girls Finals Tournament Format Girls at Rose Arena - Mt. Pleasant – Dec. 4-Dec. 6 Boys at Breslin Center - East Lansing - March 25-27 Boys Finals - Saturday: ! 10 a.m. & Noon: Classes D & C 4 p.m: Class A ! 8 p.m: Class B !
  30. 30. More Basketball Tournament Notes District draws may occur not sooner than three ! Mondays prior to the start of the tournament, but not later than the Monday preceding the tournament. Three-person official crews will be used starting ! with the Regional level of competition in 2003-04. MHSAA Basketball Tournament officials must be ! members in good standing with local officials association beginning in 2005-06.
  31. 31. Girls Basketball Tournament ! GirlsBasketball Semifinals & Finals to remain at CMU for one more year -- 2003 ! Move to MSU for December 2004 and December 2005 Semifinals and Finals
  32. 32. Boys & Girls Tournament Format: The MHSAA has developed and has published a ! Tournament Policy for pre-game handshakes and team positions during team introductions. At all levels of competition during the regular ! season and MHSAA tournaments after the first half when one team has a lead of 40 points a running clock will be established. The clock will revert to regular time schemes should the score be reduced to a 30-point lead. During any running clock mode the clock will be stopped as normal for all timeouts and between quarters, and for free throws during the last two (2) minutes of the game.
  33. 33. Boys & Girls Tournament Format 2003 girls basketball tournament sites were selected ! in May and 2004 boys basketball tournament sites will be selected in September. Semifinals and Finals Only - Pep bands of ! participating teams will be allowed to perform before their team’s game and during timeouts and breaks of Semifinal and Final games of the MHSAA tournament.
  34. 34. Junior High/Middle School Information Junior high/middle school basketball teams and ! individuals may participate in a maximum of three (3) games Monday through Sunday, but only two of the three games may occur on a day or night before a school day; and teams or individuals shall be limited to five (5) games during any 14-day period Monday through Sunday.
  35. 35. 2003-04 NFHS Basketball Information
  37. 37. REQUIRED NUMBER OF BALL PANELS DELETED (1-12-1c) quot; Change deletes the required number of panels on a legal basketball. quot; New product may help players to control the ball better. quot; Teams now have other options for practice and competition.
  38. 38. WARNING SIGNAL FOR REPLACING A DISQUALIFIED PLAYER ADDED (2-12-5) quot; Warning signal now sounded at 20 seconds of 30-second interval for replacing a disqualified/injured player. quot; Communicates to head coach that substitution interval is about to end.
  39. 39. EXPANDED DEFINITION OF BASKET INTERFERENCE (4-6-4, 9-11-4) quot; Situation not previously covered was added to basket interference: quot; When a player pulls down a movable ring so that it contacts the ball before the ring returns to its original position.
  40. 40. POINT-DIFFERENTIAL RULE ESTABLISHED (5-5 Note) quot; Several states wanted the option of a running clock because large point differentials were occurring in an increasing number of contests. quot; Unsporting behavior has also become more prevalent in these games.
  41. 41. POINT-DIFFERENTIAL RULE ESTABLISHED (5-5 Note) quot; The committee believed it was appropriate for the sport of basketball to permit states to adopt a rule. quot; Precedent had been set in other NFHS rules codes for states to adopt a “mercy rule” and to determine the guidelines for such a rule.
  42. 42. POINT-DIFFERENTIAL RULE ESTABLISHED (5-5 Note) quot; Therefore, state associations may now adopt a “running clock” (not stopping the clock when required by rule) when a specified point differential is reached at a specified time in the game. quot; States will determine the specific guidelines for the rule.
  43. 43. NUMBER OF LANE-LINE PLAYERS REDUCED FOR FREE THROWS (8-1-3) quot; Number of players permitted on marked lane-spaces during free throws reduced. quot; Four (4) defensive and two (2) offensive players (not including the free-thrower). quot; Lane spaces closest to the free-throw line (and the shooter) must remain vacant.
  44. 44. NUMBER OF LANE-LINE PLAYERS REDUCED FOR FREE THROWS (8-1-3) quot; May provide defense a rebounding advantage (may have been diminished with the return to the “rim” restrictions). quot; Will help reduce amount of rough play during free throws. quot; Fewer players on the lane should also make the free throw easier to officiate.
  45. 45. HEAD COACH DIRECTLY PENALIZED (10-5-3) quot; New article added indicating the head coach shall not permit a player to participate after being disqualified. quot; Change merely removes the provision as a player technical and places it under the head coach’s responsibility in 10-5-3.
  46. 46. HEAD COACH DIRECTLY PENALIZED (10-5-3) quot; A head coach should be aware that a player has been disqualified because he/she has been notified by an official. quot; Penalty still results in two free throws and the ball to the offended team. quot; Now a direct technical foul is assessed to the head coach (rather than indirect).
  47. 47. HEAD COACH DIRECTLY PENALIZED (10-5-3) quot; If a coach receives (or has received) another direct or two indirect technical fouls, he/she would be ejected. quot; In states that utilize the coaching box, the privilege would still be lost, as last year when an indirect technical was assessed.
  48. 48. NEW SIGNAL FOR KICKING VIOLATION (Signal Chart) quot; A new signal for this violation has been added to the signal chart. quot; Allows officials to better communicate with players, coaches, team benches and the scorer’s table.
  49. 49. NEW SIGNAL FOR KICKING VIOLATION (Signal Chart) quot; Signal: quot; straight-leg, kicking motion quot; straightforward about one foot
  51. 51. “BENCH AREA” DEFINED (1-13-3) quot; New article added defining the “bench area.” quot; Gives imaginary bench area boundaries for time-out purposes. quot; Previous Section 13 divided into two separate articles.
  52. 52. DEFENSIVE MATCH-UP REQUEST (3-3-1e) quot; New item “e” added. quot; Permits a captain to request a defensive match up when three or more substitutes enter the game. quot; Formerly in 1995-96 Rules Book as a question, but subsequently omitted.
  53. 53. KNEE AND ANKLE BRACES FURTHER CLARIFIED (3-5-1) quot; Clarified and updated to keep pace with modern medical equipment. quot; If a knee or ankle brace has exposed hinges, they must be covered.
  54. 54. KNEE AND ANKLE BRACES FURTHER CLARIFIED (3-5-1) quot; Hard items on the shoulder or upper arm must be padded. quot; This was the interpretation, but it was missing from the Rules Book.
  55. 55. ESTABLISHING LEGAL GUARDING POSITION (4-23) quot; Further clarifies that the guard must have both feet on the “playing court” (rather than floor) to establish legal guarding position.
  56. 56. ESTABLISHING LEGAL GUARDING POSITION (4-23) quot; Clarifies that a defender who sets up with one foot in bounds and one foot outside a boundary line has not established a legal guarding position.
  57. 57. TIME-OUT CHARGED WHEN NO CORRECTION MADE (5-11-3) quot; If a coach requests a time-out to correct or prevent an error and no correction is made, a time-out shall be charged. quot; Change clarifies that a 30-second time-out can be charged to a team if that is the only type of time-out remaining.
  58. 58. SIMULTANEOUS FOUL THROW-IN SPOT (7-5-9 NOTE) quot; Note added to clarify the throw-in spot when simultaneous fouls occur at different spots on the court. quot; Spot nearest foul of the team not entitled to the alternating- possession throw-in.
  60. 60. SPORTING BEHAVIOR – TAUNTING/ SELF-PROMOTION quot; Players are increasingly directing their celebratory actions toward opponents. quot; These actions should be interpreted as taunting and baiting, and penalized accordingly.
  61. 61. SPORTING BEHAVIOR – TAUNTING/ SELF-PROMOTION quot; Further, the committee is concerned with the trend toward players “playing to the crowd.” quot; Attempting to increase attention and praise for their own individual accomplishments rather than toward the game itself and team achievements.
  62. 62. SPORTING BEHAVIOR – TAUNTING/ SELF-PROMOTION quot; While many of these self-promoting actions are not specifically illegal by rule, extreme behaviors could and should be considered taunting and baiting of the opponents. quot; Officials should remind captains and coaches at the pregame conference that all actions and reactions should demonstrate appropriate sporting behavior.
  63. 63. FREE-THROW ADMINISTRATION quot; Committee concerned with increasing rough play over the years during free throws. quot; Rules changes and Points of Emphasis were instituted to address these concerns. quot; In 1997, a return to the restrictions on lane-line players to be in effect until the ball hit the rim or backboard.
  64. 64. FREE-THROW ADMINISTRATION quot; The “rim” restriction has greatly reduced rough play. quot; To further reduce rough play, the number of players permitted in marked lane spaces has been reduced. quot; May also help the defense regain some rebounding advantage.
  65. 65. FREE-THROW ADMINISTRATION The following items are to be emphasized during free throws: 1. Lane-Space Requirements 2. Simultaneous Violation 3. Disconcertion
  66. 66. FREE-THROW ADMINISTRATION 1. Lane-Space Requirements quot; 4 defensive & 2 offensive players quot; Defense MUST be in the first two spaces quot; Other spaces alternate, if desired quot; Fourth spaces (near thrower) MUST be vacant
  67. 67. FREE-THROW ADMINISTRATION quot; All officials responsible for ensuring proper alignment quot; Administering official (Lead) should check each space for proper alignment before bouncing the ball to the shooter quot; Infractions penalized according to 9-1-9 Penalty
  68. 68. FREE-THROW ADMINISTRATION 2. Simultaneous Violation quot; Offense erroneously permitted to occupy the first two lane spaces and the defense is erroneously permitted to occupy the second two lane spaces quot; Offense has 3 players in marked spaces and a defensive player is in the fourth spot.
  69. 69. FREE-THROW ADMINISTRATION 3. Disconcertion quot; Disconcerting the free-throw shooter is a violation (9-1-5). quot; Officials should pay particular attention to situations in which the free throw will become dead (first of two or first two of three).
  70. 70. FREE-THROW ADMINISTRATION quot; Defensive players frequently employ tactics which serve no other purpose than to disconcert the shooter (instructing players to box out, waving arms, etc.). quot; With the spaces closest to the shooter remaining vacant, disconcertion should be minimized.
  71. 71. TIME-OUT ADMINISTRATION quot; Several concerns have arisen regarding time-outs being called by the head coach during a live ball. quot; Officials should verify that it is indeed the head coach requesting the time- out and that the ball is in possession of the calling team.
  72. 72. TIME-OUT ADMINISTRATION quot; Just because a time-out has been requested, doesn’t guarantee it will be granted. quot; Officials have other responsibilities that may require their immediate attention. quot; If the ball is loose or is not “clearly” in team control, the request should not be granted.
  73. 73. TIME-OUT ADMINISTRATION quot; Officials should be aware of “runs” or situations when coaches typically want time-outs, so as not to be taken by surprise when the request is made. quot; Teams should remain in the “bench area” (defined in 1-13-3) during 60- and 30- second time-outs and players should remain standing during 30-second time- outs.
  74. 74. SUBSTITUTING – PLAYER DISQUALIFICATION quot; The 30-second period permitted for replacing a disqualified player has been given much attention in the past several years. quot; Because of numerous abuses and attempts to circumvent this rule, there have been rules proposals submitted ranging from -
  75. 75. SUBSTITUTING – PLAYER DISQUALIFICATION quot; doing away with the 30-second interval resulting in coaches having to make an immediate substitution, to… quot; not permitting the remaining four players near the team bench during this time frame.
  76. 76. SUBSTITUTING – PLAYER DISQUALIFICATION quot; Rather than make a change that could negatively impact programs that are not abusing the situation, the committee felt it best to address the concerns through a Point of Emphasis before initiating any further rules changes (20-second warning horn added this year). quot; Coaches, officials and table officials should be mindful of the following:
  77. 77. SUBSTITUTING – PLAYER DISQUALIFICATION 1. The official should first notify the head coach and then the player of the disqualification and then start the 30- second interval. 2. This is NOT a time-out period; it is for making a required substitution. 3. No time-outs may be granted to either team during this 30-second interval.
  78. 78. SUBSTITUTING – PLAYER DISQUALIFICATION 4. When the required substitute has reported to the table, the 30-second interval has ended and play shall resume immediately. 5. If the four players remaining in the game head toward the bench for instruction, they are to remain on the playing court.
  79. 79. SUBSTITUTING – PLAYER DISQUALIFICATION 6. Only the head coach is permitted to be standing during this interval. 7. When a substitute approaches the scorer’s table from the offending team, the administering official (and/or the official scorer) should ask the player if he/she is intending to replace the disqualified player.
  80. 80. SUBSTITUTING – PLAYER DISQUALIFICATION 8. If a substitute from the non- offending team or a substitute from the offending team (other than the disqualified player’s substitute) reports to the scorer during the wait for the required substitute, they may enter the game.
  81. 81. SUBSTITUTING – PLAYER DISQUALIFICATION 9. A warning horn is now sounded at 20 seconds if the required substitute has not reported. This signals to the coach a substitute should report immediately. 10. If the head coach fails to make the substitution by the end of the 30 seconds, a direct technical foul is assessed.
  82. 82. END-OF-GAME SITUATIONS/ INTENTIONAL FOULS quot; Officials must be aware of game situations in the closing moments of a contest. quot; Communication between officials on last second shots must take place.
  83. 83. END OF GAME SITUATIONS/ INTENTIONAL FOULS quot; Game-ending procedures must be reviewed and discussed in pregame conferences. quot; When a player fouls an opponent and is clearly not playing the ball, an intentional foul must be called.
  85. 85. END OF FIRST HALF (109a) quot; Officials should assemble in an area approximately halfway between the center circle and the sideline opposite the table and remain until teams and coaches have exited. quot; Gets officials away from the path of most coaches/teams when they exit the floor.
  86. 86. DISQUALIFIED PLAYER NOTIFICATION (118) quot; When a player fouls out, – the non-calling official (2) or – the new Trail official (3) quot; Notifies the coach, the player and then signals to start the 30-second timer.
  87. 87. “BIRD DOG” FOR CLARIFICATION ONLY (230b, 240b) quot; The “bird-dog” mechanic should be used for clarification only. quot; The player fouling is usually fairly obvious. quot; The mechanic has been viewed as redundant and degrading.
  88. 88. (2) LEAD’S BALL-SIDE COVERAGE (204) quot; Officials should consult their state association for guidelines regarding the use of this mechanic. quot; If this mechanic is authorized, it should be thoroughly discussed in pregame.
  89. 89. (2) LEAD’S BALL-SIDE COVERAGE (204) quot; Lead should only move ball side, when – the majority of players are on Trail’s side, or – post play dictates.
  90. 90. (2) LEAD’S BALL-SIDE COVERAGE (204) quot; Lead’s primary on-ball coverage is the area between the arc and the closest lane line, below the free- throw line extended. quot; New diagrams placed in the Manual.
  91. 91. (2) TIME-OUT/INTERMISSION POSITIONS (273,275) quot; Now similar to the positions used in three-person. quot; 60-second time-outs and intermission - officials will stand on the nearest block opposite the benches quot; 30-second time-outs - at the top of the near arc
  92. 92. (2) TIME-OUT/INTERMISSION POSITIONS (273,275) quot; The administering official should secure the ball and place it on the hip to indicate direction of play. quot; While in position, he/she should be prepared to indicate to either coach the throw-in spot when play resumes.
  93. 93. (3) PRIMARY COURT COVERAGE quot; The “dual” area has been eliminated. quot; The area inside the arc, below the free-throw line extended becomes primary area for the Lead.
  94. 94. (3) LEAD INITIATES ROTATION (314a) quot; Clarified that the Lead should wait until all three officials are in the frontcourt to rotate.
  95. 95. (3) NO LONG SWITCH ELIMINTATED (343) quot; The official who calls the foul will go opposite table. quot; This mechanic is easier to teach officials transitioning to three- person. quot; New diagrams and examples were added to the manual.
  96. 96. 1661 Ramblewood Drive East Lansing, MI 48823 517.332.5046 Nate Hampton, Assistant Director